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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil organic matter in podzol horizons of the Amazon region: Humification, recalcitrance, and dating

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Tadini, Amanda M. [1, 2, 3] ; Nicolodelli, Gustavo [2] ; Senesi, Giorgio S. [4] ; Ishida, Debora A. [5, 6] ; Montes, Celia R. [7, 6] ; Lucas, Yves [3] ; Mounier, Stephane [3] ; Guimaraes, Francisco E. G. [8] ; Milori, Debora M. B. P. [2]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] EMBRAPA Instrumentacao, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Toulon & Var, Lab PROTEE, CS 60584, F-83041 Toulon 9 - France
[4] CNR, Inst Nanotechnol NANOTEC, PLasMI Lab, Bari - Italy
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Energia & Ambiente, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Nucleo Pesquisa Geoquim & Geofis Litosfera, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 613, p. 160-167, FEB 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Characteristics of soil organic matter (SOM) are important, especially in the Amazon region, which represents one of theworld's most relevant carbon reservoirs. In this work, the concentrations of carbon and differences in its composition (humification indexes) were evaluated and compared for several horizons (0 to 390 cm) of three typical Amazonian podzol profiles. Fluorescence spectroscopy was used to investigate the humic acid (HA) fractions of SOM isolated from the different samples. Simple and labile carbon structures appeared to be accumulated in surface horizons, while more complex humified compounds were leached and accumulated in intermediate and deeper Bh horizons. The results suggested that the humic acids originated from lignin and its derivatives, and that lignin could accumulate in some Bh horizons. The HA present in deeper Bh horizons appeared to originate from different formation pathways, since these horizons showed different compositions. There were significant compositional changes of HA with depth, with four types of organic matter: recalcitrant, humified, and old dating; labile and young dating; humified and young dating; and little humified and old dating. Therefore, the humification process had no direct relation with the age of the organic matter in the Amazonian podzols. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/13013-3 - Caracterização das substâncias húmicas extraídas de solos da região amazônica
Beneficiário:Amanda Maria Tadini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/03250-2 - Quantificação e dinâmica do carbono associado a horizontes espódicos profundos de solos da Floresta Amazônica, face a possíveis mudanças climáticas
Beneficiário:Célia Regina Montes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/07276-1 - CEPOF - Centro de Pesquisa em Óptica e Fotônica
Beneficiário:Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 12/51469-6 - Modelling the dynamics of equatorial forest soil deep carbon in changing environments - C-PROFOR
Beneficiário:Adolpho José Melfi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático