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The role of microRNAs in metabolic alterations promoted by diet-induced obesity or maternal obesity

Grant number: 18/07087-8
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: August 01, 2018 - October 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Physiology - Physiology of Organs and Systems
Principal Investigator:Alice Cristina Rodrigues
Grantee:Alice Cristina Rodrigues
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Da Zhi Wang

Abstract

Obesity, defined as chronically unbalanced energy intake relative to its expenditure, resulting in lipid accumulation in adipose tissue, is a multifactorial disease, influenced by genetic, environmental and behavioral factors. Although diet and sedentarism, risk factor for obesity, are modifiable factors, others factors are no-modifiable, such as genetics factors, or as animal's studies have suggested, epigenetics mechanisms programmed in utero. Compelling evidences suggests microRNAs, small non-coding RNAS, are important in the development of obesity, both from maternal inheritance or diet-induced. Moreover, studies with humans and murines has shown therapeutic strategies, such as aerobic physical exercise, modulate circulating microRNAs and in adipose tissue. In light of this, using two models of obesity, diet-induced or maternal inheritance, our aim is to study the participation of microRNAs in the development of obesity. Aerobic training will be used in the second part of the study so that we might understand the participation of microRNAs in strategies that mitigate obesity. The results obtained in the present project will contribute to our better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of obesity, and will suggest microRNAs as targets for therapeutic intervention in obesity (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FALQUETTO, BARBARA; THIEME, KARINA; MALTA, MARILIA B.; ROCHA, KARINA C. E.; TUPPY, MARINA; POTJE, SIMONE R.; ANTONIALI, CRISTINA; RODRIGUES, ALICE C.; MUNHOZ, CAROLINA D.; MOREIRA, THIAGO S.; TAKAKURA, ANA C. Oxidative stress in the medullary respiratory neurons contributes to respiratory dysfunction in the 6-OHDA model of Parkinson's disease. JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, v. 598, n. 22 SEP 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.