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Plant biodiversity and soil organisms associated to natural and disturbed Araucaria angustifolia ecosystems of the State of São Paulo

Abstract

Araucaria angustifolia is an endangered tree of high economic value, which belongs to the Brazilian subtropical forest of high altitude. This species is considered under risk of extinction due to its previous exploration and dizimation, mainly for its valuable wood. Although A. angustifolia nowadays occupies only a very restricted area of the state of São Paulo, this ecosystem presents a high biodiversity of plants, animals and microorganisms. The loss of this biodiversity could imply the loss of sustainability of the forests. The main objectives of this research project are to survey the plant and microbial biodiversity of the ecosystem and their interactions. The specific objectives are: a) to characterize the floristic biodiversity; b) to identify the structure of the associated soil-borne microbial community, using molecular (DGGE) and biochemical (Biolog) techniques; c) to isolated and identify, through morphologic and molecular methods, the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Araucaria; d) to isolated and identify the associated diazotrophic, rhizospheric or endophytic bacteria; e) to evaluate the soil biochemical processes, as C or N microbial biomass, CO2 evolution, the metabolic coefficient and enzymatic soil activity; f) to study the genetic variability between individuals of the Araucaria forest employing molecular markers - RAPD and ADLP or DNA sequences of organelles; g) to survey the diversity of the macrofauna and to estimate the importance of certain functional groups; h) to obtain this information with regard to the two contrasting seasons (summer and winter), in two regions of the state of São Paulo (Campos do Jordão and Apiaí), in native and disturbed ecosystems. (AU)

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Scientific publications (16)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRAGA BERTINI, SIMONE CRISTINA; BASILIO AZEVEDO, LUCAS CARVALHO; MENDES, IEDA DE CARVALHO; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. Hierarchical partitioning for selection of microbial and chemical indicators of soil quality. PEDOBIOLOGIA, v. 57, n. 4-6, p. 293-301, . (01/05146-6, 07/06943-3)
DILMAR BARETTA; GEORGE GARDNER BROWN; SAMUEL WOOSTER JAMES; ELKE JURANDY BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO. Populações de minhocas amostradas usando métodos de coleta em floresta atlântica com Araucaria angustifolia. Scientia Agricola, v. 64, n. 4, p. 384-392, . (01/05146-6)
MOREIRA, MILENE; ZUCCHI, MARIA I.; GOMES, JOSE E.; TSAI, SIU M.; ALVES-PEREIRA, ALESSANDRO; CARDOSO, ELKE J. B. N.. Araucaria angustifolia Aboveground Roots Presented High Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Colonization and Diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Pedosphere, v. 26, n. 4, p. 561-566, . (13/11137-7, 01/05146-6)
AZEVEDO VIEIRA, LEANDRO TAVARES; POLISEL, RODRIGO TRASSI; IVANAUSKAS, NATALIA MACEDO; SHEPHERD, GEORGE JOHN; WAECHTER, JORGE LUIZ; YAMAMOTO, KIKYO; MARTINS, FERNANDO ROBERTO. Geographical patterns of terrestrial herbs: a new component in planning the conservation of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Biodiversity and Conservation, v. 24, n. 9, SI, p. 2181-2198, . (01/05146-6)
MILENE MOREIRA; DILMAR BARETTA; SIU MUI TSAI; SANDRA MARIA GOMES-DA-COSTA; ELKE JURANDY BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO. Biodiversidade e distribuição de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em floresta de Araucaria angustifolia. Scientia Agricola, v. 64, n. 4, p. 393-399, . (01/05146-6)
RIBEIRO, CARLOS MARCELO; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. Isolation, selection and characterization of root-associated growth promoting bacteria in Brazil Pine (Araucaria angustifolia). MICROBIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, v. 167, n. 2, p. 69-78, . (01/05146-6)
JAMIL DE MORAIS PEREIRA; DILMAR BARETTA; LUÍS CARLOS IUÑES DE OLIVEIRA FILHO; CAROLINA RIVIERA DUARTE MALUCHE BARETTA; ELKE JURANDY BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO. Fauna edáfica e suas relações com atributos químicos, físicos e microbiológicos em Floresta de Araucária. Ciênc. Florest., v. 30, n. 1, p. 242-257, . (07/06981-2, 01/05146-6)
LAMMEL, DANIEL R.; CRUZ, LEONARDO M.; MESCOLOTTI, DENISE; STUERMER, SIDNEY LUIZ; CARDOSO, ELKE J. B. N.. Woody Mimosa species are nodulated by Burkholderia in ombrophylous forest soils and their symbioses are enhanced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). PLANT AND SOIL, v. 393, n. 1-2, p. 123-135, . (01/05146-6)
BRAGA BERTINI, SIMONE CRISTINA; BASILIO AZEVEDO, LUCAS CARVALHO; STROMBERGER, MARY E.; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. Soil properties discriminating Araucaria forests with different disturbance levels. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, v. 187, n. 4, . (01/05146-6)
PATREZE, CAMILA MAISTRO; TSAI, SIU MUI. Intrapopulational genetic diversity of Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze is different when assessed on the basis of chloroplast or nuclear markers. PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION, v. 284, n. 1-2, p. 111-122, . (01/05146-6)
BRAGA BERTINI, SIMONE CRISTINA; STROMBERGER, MARY; BASILIO AZEVEDO, LUCAS CARVALHO; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. Soil physicochemical and biological profiles as indicators for Araucaria forest disturbance levels. APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY, v. 158, . (01/05146-6, 07/06943-3)
PEREIRA, JAMIL M.; VASCONCELLOS, RAFAEL L. F.; PEREIRA, ARTHUR P. A.; STURMER, SIDNEY L.; SILVA, ANTONIO M. M.; BARETTA, DILMAR; BONFIM, JOICE A.; CARDOSO, ELKE J. B. N.. Reforestation processes, seasonality and soil characteristics influence arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi dynamics in Araucaria angustifolia forest. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, v. 460, . (07/06981-2, 01/05146-6)
DILMAR BARETTA; ANTONIO DOMINGOS BRESCOVIT; IRENE KNYSAK; ELKE JURANDY BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO. Aranhas (arachnida: araneae) edáficas amostradas por armadilhas e monólitos de solo em florestas com Araucaria angustifolia. Scientia Agricola, v. 64, n. 4, p. 375-383, . (01/05146-6, 99/05446-8)
ROSE PEREIRA MUNIZ DE SOUZA; VINÍCIUS DE CASTRO SOUZA; RODRIGO TRASSI POLISEL; NATÁLIA MACEDO IVANAUSKAS. Estrutura e aspectos da regeneração natural de Floresta Ombrófila Mista no Parque Estadual de Campos do Jordão, SP, Brasil. Hoehnea, v. 39, n. 3, p. 387-407, . (06/54440-8, 01/05146-6)
MOREIRA‚ M.; NOGUEIRA‚ M.A.; TSAI‚ S.M.; GOMES-DA-COSTA‚ S.M.; CARDOSO‚ E.J.B.N.. Sporulation and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Brazil Pine in the field and in the greenhouse. MYCORRHIZA, v. 17, n. 6, p. 519-526, . (01/05146-6)
PATREZE‚ CM; DE PAULO‚ EN; MARTINELLI‚ AP; CARDOSO‚ E.J.B.; TSAI‚ SM. Characterization of fungal soil communities by F-RISA and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi fromAraucaria angustifolia forest soils after replanting and wildfire disturbances. SYMBIOSIS, v. 48, n. 1, p. 164-172, . (01/05146-6)

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