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Plant biodiversity and soil organisms associated to natural and disturbed Araucaria angustifolia ecosystems of the State of São Paulo

Grant number: 01/05146-6
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: April 01, 2004 - June 30, 2010
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy
Principal Investigator:Elke Jurandy Bran Nogueira Cardoso
Grantee:Elke Jurandy Bran Nogueira Cardoso
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Marcio Rodrigues Lambais ; Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Associated scholarship(s):09/14645-8 - Avaliation of plant growth promotion on Araucaria angustilfolia and Pinus SP. mediated by rhizobacteria producing indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), BP.IC
08/01841-0 - Diversity of fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. and Bacillus spp. in the Araucaria angustifolia rhizosphere, BP.MS
07/06943-3 - Quality of indicators of the soil in Araucaria forests in São Paulo State, BP.DR
+ associated scholarships 07/05637-6 - Soil macrofauna biodiversity and others explanatory variables as soil quality indicators in Araucaria forests, BP.PD
06/54440-8 - Flora and structure of araucaria forests present in conservation units in the State of São Paulo, BP.MS
05/53047-8 - Diversity of diazotrophic microorganisms under the narrowleaf Atlantic Rainforest in the State of São Paulo, BP.MS - associated scholarships

Abstract

Araucaria angustifolia is an endangered tree of high economic value, which belongs to the Brazilian subtropical forest of high altitude. This species is considered under risk of extinction due to its previous exploration and dizimation, mainly for its valuable wood. Although A. angustifolia nowadays occupies only a very restricted area of the state of São Paulo, this ecosystem presents a high biodiversity of plants, animals and microorganisms. The loss of this biodiversity could imply the loss of sustainability of the forests. The main objectives of this research project are to survey the plant and microbial biodiversity of the ecosystem and their interactions. The specific objectives are: a) to characterize the floristic biodiversity; b) to identify the structure of the associated soil-borne microbial community, using molecular (DGGE) and biochemical (Biolog) techniques; c) to isolated and identify, through morphologic and molecular methods, the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Araucaria; d) to isolated and identify the associated diazotrophic, rhizospheric or endophytic bacteria; e) to evaluate the soil biochemical processes, as C or N microbial biomass, CO2 evolution, the metabolic coefficient and enzymatic soil activity; f) to study the genetic variability between individuals of the Araucaria forest employing molecular markers - RAPD and ADLP or DNA sequences of organelles; g) to survey the diversity of the macrofauna and to estimate the importance of certain functional groups; h) to obtain this information with regard to the two contrasting seasons (summer and winter), in two regions of the state of São Paulo (Campos do Jordão and Apiaí), in native and disturbed ecosystems. (AU)

Scientific publications (16)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MOREIRA, MILENE; ZUCCHI, MARIA I.; GOMES, JOSE E.; TSAI, SIU M.; ALVES-PEREIRA, ALESSANDRO; CARDOSO, ELKE J. B. N. Araucaria angustifolia Aboveground Roots Presented High Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Colonization and Diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Pedosphere, v. 26, n. 4, p. 561-566, AUG 2016. Web of Science Citations: 5.
AZEVEDO VIEIRA, LEANDRO TAVARES; POLISEL, RODRIGO TRASSI; IVANAUSKAS, NATALIA MACEDO; SHEPHERD, GEORGE JOHN; WAECHTER, JORGE LUIZ; YAMAMOTO, KIKYO; MARTINS, FERNANDO ROBERTO. Geographical patterns of terrestrial herbs: a new component in planning the conservation of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Biodiversity and Conservation, v. 24, n. 9, SI, p. 2181-2198, SEP 2015. Web of Science Citations: 8.
LAMMEL, DANIEL R.; CRUZ, LEONARDO M.; MESCOLOTTI, DENISE; STUERMER, SIDNEY LUIZ; CARDOSO, ELKE J. B. N. Woody Mimosa species are nodulated by Burkholderia in ombrophylous forest soils and their symbioses are enhanced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). PLANT AND SOIL, v. 393, n. 1-2, p. 123-135, AUG 2015. Web of Science Citations: 6.
BRAGA BERTINI, SIMONE CRISTINA; BASILIO AZEVEDO, LUCAS CARVALHO; STROMBERGER, MARY E.; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. Soil properties discriminating Araucaria forests with different disturbance levels. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, v. 187, n. 4 APR 2015. Web of Science Citations: 0.
POLISEL, RODRIGO TRASSI; IVANAUSKAS, NATALIA MACEDO; DE ASSIS, MARTA CAMARGO; SHEPHERD, GEORGE JOHN; YAMAMOTO, KIKYO. Structure of the understory community in four stretches of Araucaria forest in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica, v. 28, n. 1, p. 86-101, JAN-MAR 2014. Web of Science Citations: 6.
BRAGA BERTINI, SIMONE CRISTINA; BASILIO AZEVEDO, LUCAS CARVALHO; MENDES, IEDA DE CARVALHO; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. Hierarchical partitioning for selection of microbial and chemical indicators of soil quality. PEDOBIOLOGIA, v. 57, n. 4-6, p. 293-301, 2014. Web of Science Citations: 4.
DE CARVALHO, FERNANDA; DE SOUZA MOREIRA, FATIMA MARIA; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. CHEMICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF ARAUCARIA ANGUSTIFOLIA (BERT.) KTZE. FOREST SOILS IN THE STATE OF SAO PAULO. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 36, n. 4, p. 1189-1201, JUL-AUG 2012. Web of Science Citations: 8.
RIBEIRO, CARLOS MARCELO; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. Isolation, selection and characterization of root-associated growth promoting bacteria in Brazil Pine (Araucaria angustifolia). MICROBIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, v. 167, n. 2, p. 69-78, 2012. Web of Science Citations: 51.
ROSE PEREIRA MUNIZ DE SOUZA; VINÍCIUS DE CASTRO SOUZA; RODRIGO TRASSI POLISEL; NATÁLIA MACEDO IVANAUSKAS. Estrutura e aspectos da regeneração natural de Floresta Ombrófila Mista no Parque Estadual de Campos do Jordão, SP, Brasil. Hoehnea, v. 39, n. 3, p. 387-407, Set. 2012.
PATREZE, CAMILA MAISTRO; TSAI, SIU MUI. Intrapopulational genetic diversity of Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze is different when assessed on the basis of chloroplast or nuclear markers. PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION, v. 284, n. 1-2, p. 111-122, JAN 2010. Web of Science Citations: 12.
MOREIRA, MILENE; BARETTA, DILMAR; TSAI, SIU MUI; BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO, ELKE JURANDY. ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGAL COMMUNITIES IN NATIVE AND IN REPLANTED ARAUCARIA FOREST. Scientia Agricola, v. 66, n. 5, p. 677-684, 2009. Web of Science Citations: 14.
PATREZE‚ CM; DE PAULO‚ EN; MARTINELLI‚ AP; CARDOSO‚ E.J.B.; TSAI‚ SM. Characterization of fungal soil communities by F-RISA and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi fromAraucaria angustifolia forest soils after replanting and wildfire disturbances. SYMBIOSIS, v. 48, n. 1, p. 164-172, 2009.
DILMAR BARETTA; ANTONIO DOMINGOS BRESCOVIT; IRENE KNYSAK; ELKE JURANDY BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO. Trap and soil monolith sampled edaphic spiders (arachnida: araneae) in Araucaria angustifolia forest. Scientia Agricola, v. 64, n. 4, p. 375-383, Ago. 2007.
DILMAR BARETTA; GEORGE GARDNER BROWN; SAMUEL WOOSTER JAMES; ELKE JURANDY BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO. Earthworm populations sampled using collection methods in atlantic forests with Araucaria angustifolia. Scientia Agricola, v. 64, n. 4, p. 384-392, Ago. 2007.
MILENE MOREIRA; DILMAR BARETTA; SIU MUI TSAI; SANDRA MARIA GOMES-DA-COSTA; ELKE JURANDY BRAN NOGUEIRA CARDOSO. Biodiversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Araucaria angustifolia forest. Scientia Agricola, v. 64, n. 4, p. 393-399, Ago. 2007.
MOREIRA‚ M.; NOGUEIRA‚ M.A.; TSAI‚ S.M.; GOMES-DA-COSTA‚ S.M.; CARDOSO‚ E.J.B.N. Sporulation and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Brazil Pine in the field and in the greenhouse. MYCORRHIZA, v. 17, n. 6, p. 519-526, 2007.

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