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Transition to sustainability and agriculture-energy-water nexus: exploring an integrated approach with case studies in the Cerrado and Caatinga

Grant number: 17/22269-2
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: August 01, 2018 - July 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Principal Investigator:Jean Pierre Henry Balbaud Ometto
Grantee:Jean Pierre Henry Balbaud Ometto
Home Institution: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Celso von Randow ; Laura de Simone Borma ; Pedro Ribeiro de Andrade Neto ; Peter Mann de Toledo
Assoc. researchers: Aldrin Martin Perez Marin ; Alexandre Rodolfo Marques ; Ana Paula Dutra de Aguiar ; Ana Paula Soares Veiga ; Andre Rodrigues Goncalves ; Angelica Giarolla ; Bartolomeu Israel de Souza ; Camille Lanzarotti Nolasco ; CARLOS ALBERTO VALERA ; Cassia Maria Gama Lemos ; Chou Sin Chan ; Daniel Andrés Rodriguez ; Daniela Carneiro Rodrigues ; Dione Judite Ventura da Silva ; Enio Bueno Pereira ; Eráclito Rodrigues de Sousa Neto ; Evandro Albiach Branco ; Felipe Siqueira Pacheco ; Fernando Ramos Martins ; Flávio de Carvalho Magina ; Francisco Gilney Silva Bezerra ; Gilvan Sampaio de Oliveira ; Guilherme Reis Pereira ; Guillermo Oswaldo Obregón Párraga ; Gustavo Felipe Balué Arcoverde ; Heithor Alexandre de Araujo Queiroz ; Humberto Alves Barbosa ; Iêdo Bezerra Sá ; Javier Tomasella ; João Arthur Pompeu Pavanelli ; Jocilene Dantas Barros ; Jorge Alberto Bustamante Becerra ; José Luís Passos Cordeiro ; Kelly Ribeiro ; Kleber Pinheiro Naccarato ; Leandro de Oliveira Salles ; Lilian Elizabeth Diesel ; Lincoln Muniz Alves ; Luciana de Souza Soler ; Luciana Spinelli Araujo ; Luciana Vanni Gatti ; Luciano Jorge Serejo dos Anjos ; Luciano Marani ; Luiz Flamarion Barbosa de Oliveira ; Luiz Tadeu da Silva ; Manoel Ferreira Cardoso ; Marcela Aparecida Campos Neves Miranda ; Marcos Barbosa Sanches ; Marcos Domingos Siqueira Tavares ; Maria Cristina Forti ; Osmar Pinto Junior ; Paloma Genú da Silva Paiva ; Paulo Augusto Sobral Escada ; Plínio Carlos Alvalá ; Reinaldo Rodrigo Novo ; Rita Marcia da Silva Pinto Vieira ; Rodrigo Santos Costa ; Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes ; Rubens Teixeira de Queiroz ; Sérgio Mantovani Paiva Pulice ; Talita Oliveira Assis ; Thieres George Freire da Silva ; Viviane Regina Algarve
Associated scholarship(s):19/16235-3 - Soil degradation and yield in the sustainability context considering a multiscale approach, BP.PD
18/24631-3 - Web platform for publishing and disseminating data and indicators from environmental models, BP.TT

Abstract

The Cerrado and Caatinga biomes have the largest available stock of land for agricultural expansion in Brazil, besides having vast areas of high solar and wind potential. Their natural resources are also vital for climate regulation and for human survival and well-being. The general objective of this proposal is to explore how a participatory approach, integrating qualitative and quantitative methods of the natural and social sciences at multiple scales, could support the transition to a sustainable future in these two biomes, through the definition of scenarios and indicators that reconcile the economic, social and environmental (the three pillars of sustainability) in food production and use of natural resources. To achieve this purpose, the project is divided into phases with specific goals. Phase 1 includes the organization and analysis of data on the social, economic, institutional and environmental dimensions of the study area to build sustainability indexes that reflect the current situation (past and present). Phase 2 focuses on the future of the study area, by constructing qualitative and quantitative scenarios, built in a participatory manner. Elements of stories about the future will be quantified by generating spatially explicit projections of land use change, regional climate and its impacts (translated into a significant set of social-environmental indicators, including water, vegetation, biodiversity, agriculture, energy, lightning, biogeochemical cycles, among others). Finally, Phase 3 involves the synthesis of activities between the scales, and the analysis of social transformation mechanisms to achieve sustainability (trajectories). (AU)