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Integrated Management System for cooperatives formed by consumers of community solar farms

Abstract

The Normative Resolution from ANEEL 687/2015 [1] introduced the Distributed Generation (DG) figure, enabling the democratization of access to solar energy, allowing consumers whose units do not meet the technical requirements for the installation of an auto production unit (E.g., apartment residents, renters, owners of houses with inadequate roofs, etc.) to subscribe to a cooperative to jointly enjoy the energy produced by a plant installed in a remote and optimized location. Although the rule is in force since March 2016 and the total number of units with distributed generation grew over the past years, there are still few cooperatives that have benefited from the innovation brought by this regulation [2]. One possible barrier to the emergence of cooperatives is the complexity of management required by Law 5,764 / 1974 [4]. In order to support the development of this market, the objective of this project is to develop an Integrated Management System for Cooperatives of Energy Consumers from Shared Distributed Generation, allowing:* Monitor the technical-operational performance of the plant;* Audit the energy credits allocated in the invoices of the cooperative;* Automation of information exchange with the Distribution company;* Evaluate the adequacy of the plant;* Measure socio-environmental benefits generated by the consumption of energy from renewable sources;* Administrative and financial management of the Cooperative, including compliance with legal requirements; and* Transparency of information between Cooperative and the Cooperated. To address this issue, the system must be able to receive information regarding the generation of the Cooperative plant (s) and the consumption of the Cooperated (ideally in real time, but not necessarily). Also, the system should incorporate, step by step, the relationship processes between Cooperative and Distributor besides complying with legal obligations. Finally, the system should have a friendly interface to allow the Cooperated to access the information of interest at any time. The work will be organized in 7 steps:1. Survey of functional and technical requirements, through mapping the process and information flows, interfaces and legal obligations; 2. Search available commercial components that are able to reach the sub-requirements identified in Step 1; 3. Identify the gaps between the requirements defined in Step 1 and the available components mapped in Step 2, to design next steps on components development within the scope of this project;4. Design of the integrator module of the observed components in Step 2 and the necessary components identified in Step 3; 5. Construct the modules designed in Steps 3 and 4, with functional tests in the pilot plant; 6. Implement the system at the production site and eventually execute fine adjustments in the product and corrections of usability problems; and7. Final documentation and packaging as a single product. The output will be a system capable to facilitate the technical, administrative and financial management processes of Cooperatives created under the scope of ANEEL Resolution 687/2015 and in accordance with the requirements of Law 5.764 / 1974. This will unlock one important barrier to expand distributed generation with economic, social and environmental benefits. (AU)

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