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Effectiveness evaluation of the São Paulo State military policy educational program for the resistance on drugs and violence (PROERD)

Grant number: 17/22300-7
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: November 01, 2018 - October 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health
Principal Investigator:Zila van der Meer Sanchez Dutenhefner
Grantee:Zila van der Meer Sanchez Dutenhefner
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Daniela Ribeiro Schneider ; Hugo Cogo Moreira ; Solange Andreoni

Abstract

The Drug Resistance and Violence Education Program (PROERD) is today the most widespread school prevention program in Brazilian schools, but is being offered without any effective evaluation of its new version, Caindo na Real, adapted in 2014 to Brazil from the US program Keepin 'it REAL.This is based on the theory of social-emotional learning, which develops fundamental life skills for the emotional and relational improvement of the child and the adolescent, aiming at health promotion and violence prevention. As preventive interventions developed in other cultures may present null or negative results in Brazil, it is proposed to conduct two randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness of existing curricula in PROERD/Caindo na Real(one for the 5th year of Elementary School I and another for the 7th year of Elementary School II). Data collection will be performed by self-completion questionnaires at two time points (with a 9-month interval) in the same school year. The intervention group will receive the PROERD / Caindo na Real; program applied by the military police (instructors) already trained in the city of São Paulo. The primary outcomes will be: 1) initiation of use and recent (last 30 days) use of alcohol and other drugs (tobacco, marijuana, inhalants and cocaine); 2) victimization due to bullying and physical violence in life and last 30 days. The central hypothesis is that the students exposed to the program will present a progression more slowly in alcohol and other drug use and reduction in school violence when compared to students without intervention (control group). Due to the hierarchical structure of the data, multilevel analyzes will be performed to show simultaneous differences in time and group prevalence, controlled by sex and age. Latent transition analysis will be performed to assess changes in patterns of drug and school violence over time. The results will support decisions about the expansion of the program or modifications in the case of the identification of neutral or negative effects. (AU)