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Psychoanalytic theories of development. A historical, critical and comparative study. Part 1. The origins and the consolidation

Grant number: 18/17472-6
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: March 01, 2019 - February 28, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Human Development Psychology
Principal Investigator:Leopoldo Pereira Fulgencio Junior
Grantee:Leopoldo Pereira Fulgencio Junior
Host Institution: Instituto de Psicologia (IP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The purpose of this study is to show in an analytical, critical and systematic way the various psychoanalytic theories of the emotional development both to have an overall view and to establish possibilities of contribution and communication among them. On the one hand, it means filling a gap in the field of the theories of development in which psychoanalysis is shown in a very limited and poor manner (relating basically to Freud and Erikson) by reintroducing them more widely, respecting their complexity and showing that there are more elaborate current perspectives than those related to Freud and Erikson; on the other hand, by introducing each theory in an analytical and critical way through a single matrix of analysis, concentrate on the same variables and describe them to make a critical and comparative study possible. By doing so we believe it is possible not only to contribute to broaden and examine more thoroughly this area of knowledge but also to enable a dialogue among several psychoanalytic theoretical perspectives (different in semantic and descriptive terms). This proposal consists of two parts: (Part I) in which I introduce both the epistemological and methodological framework that provides the structure and the direction of the research and the analysis of the origins and the consolidation of the psychoanalytic theories as full theories of the emotional development, examining what Sigmund Freud, Anna Freud, René Spitz, Erikson Erikson and Margareth Mahler proposed; (Part II) in which I will develop this proposal (using an analytical and critical matrix) to introduce the current psychoanalytic theories of development, based on the works by John Bolwby, Donald Winnicott, Daniel Stern and Bernard Golse as established proposals, which in turn may combine psychoanalysis and some findings in neurosciences. The project that is shown here, within this overall perspective, corresponds to Part I of this research. (AU)

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