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Build-up of scientific collections of marine invertebrates: strategies for biodiversity conservation

Grant number: 18/10313-0
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2019 - January 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal Investigator:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Grantee:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Fosca Pedini Pereira Leite
Assoc. researchers: Ana Christensen ; André Rinaldo Senna Garraffoni ; Camila Fernanda da Silva ; Claudia Maria Leite Assunção ; Clélia Márcia Cavalcanti da Rocha ; Fabrizio Marcondes Machado ; Filipe José Oliveira Costa ; Flávio Dias Passos ; Gonzalo Giribet ; João Miguel de Matos Nogueira ; Luciana Bolsoni Lourenço ; Michela Borges ; Orlemir Carrerette dos Santos ; Silvana Gomes Leite Siqueira ; Sónia Cristina da Silva Andrade ; Tatiana Menchini Steiner
Associated scholarship(s):20/09104-7 - Taxonomic status of Amphipholis and Microphiopholis (Ophiuroidea: Amphiuridae) species on the Brazilian coast, BP.IC
19/05997-0 - Integrative taxonomy of Ophiocoma taxon (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata) of South-Western Atlantic, BP.IC
19/01620-9 - Biodiversity of Ophiodermatina (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) along South Atlantic: morphological and molecular studies, BP.MS
15/25623-6 - Phylogeny and Biogeography of the genus Laeonereis (Phyllodocida: Nereididae): a contribuition to ecotoxicology and integrative taxonomy, BP.PD

Abstract

The Museum of Zoology of the Institute of Biology of the State University of Campinas (ZUEC) has about 400,000 marine invertebrates, collected by large projects that have been conducted in Brazil since 1990. The vast majority of this material, obtained with funding from research foundations and government agencies, was collected in areas on the Brazilian coast that had not been studied before. The rarity of this material is also shown by the depths that were sampled, up to 3300m, in locations that include large canyons on the southeastern coast of Brazil. However, part of this material is not yet identified and / or needs a taxonomic refinement so that it can be translated into biodiversity measures and made available to the scientific community. The first challenge, which was to obtain specimens from these places, is already overcome by the large number of specimens collected and cataloged. However, we still face other challenges to correctly identify these collections, such as the taxonomic limitations observed for the proposed groups (i.e., the lack of morphological and molecular characteristics adequate for a correct identification of the species). Some of the problems pointed out in this project are related to the presence of misidentified species and complexes of species that need to be reviewed. Thus, we expect to perform a comprehensive study of new taxonomic characters, both morphological and molecular, to allow a better description of biodiversity and to provide a solid basis for the phylogenetic studies proposed in this project and also for future studies. To achieve this goal, we will combine modern techniques of morphological analyses and new DNA extraction protocols to be used on biological material fixed with formalin, which is common for material collected from the deep sea. In this sense, this project aims to produce an integrated study and complete the main collections of macrofauna marine invertebrates deposited in the ZUEC: Bivalvia, Polychaeta, Crustacea and Echinodermata. The creation of a new collection of meiofaunal organisms, Tardigrada, is also expected. The complexity of working with several collections at different stages of development and with different needs demands that this project should be structured according to the specificities of each taxonomic group. In this regard, the study proposals of these collections will be developed by researchers specialized in the different groups of species. These researchers will also be directly involved in the training of new researchers, thereby contributing to the taxonomic development in Brazil. The most comprehensive result will be the taxonomic refinement of 150.000 specimens deposited at the ZUEC, and the enhancement of the data with the prior information of the SpeciesLink Network. This information will be included in an online database that is already in operation at the Museum. Thus, considering the number of specimens still awaiting identification, this project has great potential to provide new species to science, new occurrence records and also clarifying information for phylogenetic analyzes of the different groups. The identification of these many specimens from different parts of Brazil will certainly reduce many gaps in the knowledge of Brazilian and world biodiversity. Results from this project will also add a greater scientific value to the collection of ZUEC. It is in this context of immense knowledge gaps and great possibilities that this proposal is inserted. (AU)

Scientific publications (15)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
IWASA-ARAI, TAMMY; SEGADILHA, JULIANA LOPES; RODRIGUES, THAIANA GARCIA ALMEIDA; SIQUEIRA, SILVANA GOMES LEITE. First Record of the Beach-HopperSpeziorchestia tucurauna(Crustacea: Amphipoda) in the Oceanic Island of Fernando de Noronha, Northeastern Brazil. THALASSAS, SEP 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BATISTAO, ALAN RODRIGO; PASSOS, FLAVIO DIAS. New data on Warrana besnardi, a tiny bivalve mollusk from the southeastern Brazilian coast. AMERICAN MALACOLOGICAL BULLETIN, v. 38, n. 1, p. 55-59, JUL 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
ALITTO, RENATA A. S.; GRANADIER, GABRIELA; CHRISTENSEN, ANA B.; O'HARA, TIMOTHY; DI DOMENICO, MAIKON; BORGES, MICHELA. Unravelling the taxonomic identity of Ophiothela Verrill, 1867 (Ophiuroidea) along the Brazilian coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, v. 100, n. 3, p. 413-426, MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DA SILVA, CAMILA FERNANDA; ZACAGNINI AMARAL, ANTONIA CECILIA. Redescription of Leiocapitella atlantica Hartman, 1965 and description of a new species from the Southeast Brazil (Annelida, Capitellidae). Zootaxa, v. 4767, n. 4, p. 518-530, APR 29 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TAMMY IWASA-ARAI; HUGO GALLO NETO; RAQUEL BENETON FERIOLI; MAX RONDON WERNECK. Notes on amphipods associated with loggerhead marine turtle Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758) in south-eastern Brazil. Nauplius, v. 28, p. -, 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SIGNORELLI, JAVIER H.; DA FONSECA, MAURICIO LEME; SCARABINO, FABRIZIO; PASSOS, FLAVIO DIAS. The genus Dallocardia (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Cardiidae) in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean. MARINE BIODIVERSITY, v. 49, n. 6, p. 2753-2773, DEC 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DE MATOS NOGUEIRA, JOAO MIGUEL; RIBEIRO, WILLIAM M. G.; CARRERETTE, ORLEMIR; HUTCHINGS, PAT. Pectinariidae (Annelida, Terebelliformia) from off southeastern Brazil, southwestern Atlantic. Zootaxa, v. 4571, n. 4, p. 489-509, MAR 28 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.