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São Paulo Metropolitan Area, jointly tracking climate change and air quality - METROCLIMA-MASP

Grant number: 16/18438-0
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2019 - January 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Meteorology
Principal researcher:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Grantee:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Eduardo Landulfo ; Márcia Akemi Yamasoe ; Pérola de Castro Vasconcellos
Assoc. researchers:Adelaide Cassia Nardocci ; Beatriz Sayuri Oyama ; Charles Jones ; Daniel Waldvogel Thomé da Silva ; Edmilson Dias de Freitas ; Eric Adam Kort ; Fábio Luiz Teixeira Gonçalves ; Guy Brasseur ; Helber Custódio de Freitas ; Henrique de Melo Jorge Barbosa ; Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha ; Jorge Alberto Martins ; José Agostinho Gonçalves de Medeiros ; José Vanderlei Martins ; Leila Droprinchinski Martins ; Leila Maria Vespoli Carvalho ; Luciana Varanda Rizzo ; Mariana Abrantes Giannotti ; Marly Babinski ; Nilton Manuel Évora do Rosário ; Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto ; Pedro Jose Perez-Martinez ; Prashant Kumar ; Regina Maura de Miranda ; Ricardo Ivan Ferreira da Trindade ; Rita Yuri Ynoue ; Samara Carbone ; Taciana Toledo de Almeida Albuquerque ; Thiago Nogueira ; Yang Zhang
Associated grant(s):22/02365-5 - Informed greening of cities for urban cooling (GreenCities), AP.R
19/08875-2 - Exploring research opportunities between air quality modeling and artificial intelligence, AP.R SPRINT
Associated scholarship(s):22/12686-3 - Estimation of the Emission Potential of Greenhouse Gases in São Paulo from the METROCLIMA Network, BP.PD
22/02609-1 - Impact of wildfires and other sources of greenhouse gases and aerosols in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, BP.DD
21/10446-2 - Database management and machine learning for METROCLIMA project, BP.TT
+ associated scholarships 21/12442-4 - Caracterization of organic compounds on aerosols colected in São Paulo during dry season (2019), BP.IC
21/07136-1 - Emissions inventory of greenhouse gases from transport, dispersion in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, BP.PD
21/05144-7 - Evaluation of the potential of methane in the chain of greenhouse gas emissions in the metropolitan region of São Paulo, BP.IC
20/07674-0 - Toxicity of particulate matter with the evaluation of oxidative potential and its effect on premature renal aging in the Metropolitan Area of São Paulo, BP.DR
21/05193-8 - Temporal variation of CO2 in the Sao Paulo Megacity in the Metroclima project: Pico do Jaraguá and ICESP Stations, BP.IC
21/05422-7 - Analysis of CO2 data from the IAG-USP and UNICID Stations from Metroclima Project, BP.IC
20/08505-8 - Vehicular emission impacts on the population at the city of São Paulo, BP.DD
19/27079-2 - Retrieval of column averaged abundances of CO2 and CH4 using a portable FTIR spectrometer at São Paulo Metropolitan Area, BP.PD
19/16885-8 - Source appontment of PM10 and PM2.5 in São Paulo, BP.PD
19/17304-9 - Data management system, integration platform, and quick view, BP.TT
19/09879-1 - Elderly mortality related to heat waves in the capitals of Brazil: an analysis in the present and future projections in the climate change scenarios, BP.DD - associated scholarships


Urban areas are expanding in all parts of the world, and are recognized as important atmospheric sources of greenhouse gases (GHG) and of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP). The SLCP are the gases and particulates that are also responsible for global warming not caused by the CO2 and that have atmospheric lifetime of less than 20 years. The emissions, fate and atmospheric concentrations of these species will be affected by the climate change (expected modification of temperature and humidity), and specifically by the atmospheric temperature, and by extreme hydrometeorological events. A drastic reduction of greenhouse gas and other climate pollutants emission is required to attain the objectives highlighted by the COP21 agreement. The impact on climate of the megacities and urban conglomerates is well established since a large fraction of emissions takes place in these populated areas. In fact, urban areas constitute also a major source of air pollutants (related to energy production and consumption, transport and waste disposal). One of the challenges is to find win-win strategies by which one improves air quality while limiting anthropogenic climate forcing. São Paulo is the most important megacity in South America and can therefore be considered as a laboratory for an integrated assessment of the impact on the atmosphere of the sources of GHG (CO2, N2O, CH4) and of other radiative active species, the SLCP. Here, we will focus our attention on the black carbon, methane and tropospheric ozone, constituents of the SLCP and on the feedback of the climate change on air quality. To evaluate the climate impacts of the São Paulo Megacity emissions, the first step is to assess the sources of GHG and SLCP. All current information on GHG emissions is based on bottom-up estimates performed from the extrapolation of limited flux observations and economic information. These estimated emissions have never been verified or reconciled with surface observations of species concentrations and/or with remote sensing atmospheric data. To achieve the objectives of developing an emission inventory of GHG and SLCP, surface measurements, flux measurements and satellite data will be used to evaluate the impact of the São Paulo Megacity. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
De Tonga a São Paulo 
From Tonga to São Paulo 
La contaminación que enfría el clima global 
Pollution that causes global cooling 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
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Scientific publications (12)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PEDRUZZI, RIZZIERI; ANDREAO, WILLIAN LEMKER; BAEK, BOK HAENG; HUDKE, ANDERSON PAULO; GLOTFELTY, TIMOTHY WILLIAM; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; MARTINS, JORGE ALBERTO; BOWDEN, JARED H.; PINTO, JANAINA ANTONINO; ALONSO, MARCELO FELIX; et al. Update of land use/land cover and soil texture for Brazil: Impact on WRF modeling results over Sao Paulo. Atmospheric Environment, v. 268, . (16/18438-0)
GAVIDIA-CALDERON, MARIO EDUARDO; IBARRA-ESPINOSA, SERGIO; KIM, YOUNGSEOB; ZHANG, YANG; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA. Simulation of O-3 and NOx in Sao Paulo street urban canyons with VEIN (v0.2.2) and MUNICH (v1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, v. 14, n. 6, p. 3251-3268, . (16/18438-0)
NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; KAMIGAUTI, LEONARDO YOSHIAKI; PEREIRA, GUILHERME MARTINS; GAVIDIA-CALDERON, MARIO E.; IBARRA-ESPINOSA, SERGIO; DE OLIVEIRA, GUILHERME LIBRETE; DE MIRANDA, REGINA MAURA; VASCONCELLOS, PEROLA DE CASTRO; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA. Evolution of Vehicle Emission Factors in a Megacity Affected by Extensive Biofuel Use: Results of Tunnel Measurements in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Environmental Science & Technology, v. 55, n. 10, p. 6677-6687, . (17/17047-0, 19/01316-8, 16/18438-0, 18/07848-9)
SOUTO-OLIVEIRA, CARLOS EDUARDO; KAMIGAUTI, LEONARDO YOSHIAKI; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; BABINSKI, MARLY. Improving Source Apportionment of Urban Aerosol Using Multi-Isotopic Fingerprints (MIF) and Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF): Cross-Validation and New Insights. FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, v. 9, . (16/18438-0, 19/16885-8)
RUDKE, A. P.; MARTINS, J. A.; DE ALMEIDA, D. S.; MARTINS, L. D.; BEAL, A.; HALLAK, R.; FREITAS, E. D.; ANDRADE, M. F.; FOROUTAN, H.; BAEK, B. H.; et al. How mobility restrictions policy and atmospheric conditions impacted air quality in the State of Sao Paulo during the COVID-19 outbreak. Environmental Research, v. 198, . (16/18438-0)
URBINA GUERRERO, VIVIANA VANESA; DE MORAIS, MARCOS VINICIUS BUENO; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; MARTINS, LEILA DROPRINCHINSKI. Numerical Study of Meteorological Factors for Tropospheric Nocturnal Ozone Increase in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo. ATMOSPHERE, v. 12, n. 2, . (17/17047-0, 16/18438-0, 11/01040-0)
BARREDO YERA, ALEINNYS M.; VASCONCELLOS, PEROLA C.. Pesticides in the atmosphere of urban sites with different characteristics. PROCESS SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, v. 156, p. 559-567, . (17/20826-1, 16/18438-0)
KUMAR, PRASHANT; HAMA, SARKAWT; NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; ABBASS, RANA ALAA; BRAND, VERONIKA S.; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; ASFAW, ARAYA; AZIZ, KOSAR HAMA; CAO, SHI-JIE; EL-GENDY, AHMED; et al. In-car particulate matter exposure across ten global cities. Science of The Total Environment, v. 750, . (16/14501-0, 16/18438-0)
MACIEL, F. M.; SARTIM, R.; MARTINS, L. D.; CARVALHO, V. S. B.; PEDRUZZI, R.; ANDREAO, W. L.; ABREU, G. C.; ALBUQUERQUE, T. T. DE A.. Impact of emission control strategies on air quality: a case study in Piracicaba, Sao Paulo-Brazil. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, . (16/18438-0)
NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; KUMAR, PRASHANT; NARDOCCI, ADELAIDE; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, v. 711, . (15/50128-9, 18/07848-9, 16/18438-0)
IBARRA-ESPINOSA, SERGIO; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; LANDULFO, EDUARDO. ffects of Evaporative Emissions Control Measurements on Ozone Concentrations in Brazi. TMOSPHER, v. 13, n. 1, . (21/07136-1, 17/17047-0, 16/18438-0, 15/03804-9)
SQUIZZATO, RAFAELA; NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; MARTINS, LEILA D.; MARTINS, JORGE A.; ASTOLFO, ROSANA; MACHADO, CAROLYNE BUENO; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS. Beyond megacities: tracking air pollution from urban areas and biomass burning in Brazil. NPJ CLIMATE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE, v. 4, n. 1, . (16/18438-0, 17/17047-0)

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