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Role of P2X7 purinergic receptor in the regulation of hematopoietic stem cell and myeloid lineage

Grant number: 18/23870-4
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: March 01, 2019 - February 28, 2021
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
Principal Investigator:Alice Teixeira Ferreira
Grantee:Alice Teixeira Ferreira
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Alexander Birbrair ; Edgar Julian Paredes-Gamero

Abstract

The importance of the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) lies in its potential to repopulate the bone marrow forming all cell types of the lymphohematopoietic system being the main focus of the study. Thus, the knowledge of the mechanisms that control the HSC and molecules that allow its manipulation has an enormous scientific and clinical importance. Our group has investigated the intracellular pathways that control the HSC, and the crosstalk among intracellular pathways, identifying mechanisms of self-renewal and differentiation, using cytokines (IL-3, GM-CSF, G-CSF, M-CSF, SCF) and purinergic receptors (sensitive to ATP and analogs) as hematopoietic activators. Additionally, we have found negative modulators of HSC, such as ATP and nitric oxide, whose antitumoral potential against leukemic stem cells is under investigation. In this project, our goal is to further study the role of purinergic receptors in the modulation of HSC and in myeloid differentiation investigating mainly the function of the P2X7 receptor in a mouse model P2X7fl/fl, recently acquired. The P2X7 receptor is a ligand-gated cation channel and its activation leads to the formation of a membrane pore that allows molecules up to 900 Da. The activity of the P2X7 receptor is mainly associated with the immune system; however, there are few studies on primitive hematopoietic cells (HSC and progenitors). The use of this animal model will allow obtaining important information regarding the function of the P2X7 receptors in murine hematopoiesis: more specifically in the ontogeny of the HSC and in the myeloid differentiation. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FILIPPIN, KELLY JULIANA; DE SOUZA, KAMYLLA F. S.; DE ARAUJO JUNIOR, ROBERTO THEODORO; TORQUATO, HERON FERNANDES VIEIRA; DIAS, DHEBORA ALBUQUERQUE; PARISOTTO, EDUARDO BENEDETTI; FERREIRA, ALICE TEIXEIRA; PAREDES-GAMERO, EDGAR J. Involvement of P2 receptors in hematopoiesis and hematopoietic disorders, and as pharmacological targets. PURINERGIC SIGNALLING, v. 16, n. 1 DEC 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.