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The role of urban planning and urban projects, pos-1988, in urban sprawl and metropolization of the Brazilian territory

Grant number: 18/13637-0
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: March 01, 2019 - February 28, 2021
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal Investigator:Jeferson Cristiano Tavares
Grantee:Jeferson Cristiano Tavares
Home Institution: Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo de São Carlos (IAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Marcel Fantin
Associated scholarship(s):19/19658-2 - The role of urban planning and urban projects, pos-1988, in urban sprawl and metropolization of the Brazilian territory, BP.TT
19/19955-7 - The role of urban planning and urban projects, pos-1988, in urban sprawl and metropolization of the Brazilian territory, BP.TT

Abstract

This research proposes to study the process of urbanization in Brazil from the analysis of urban plans and projects (in the urban, regional and territorial levels) and their repercussions in the territory. The main objective is to verify the new paradigms of the Brazilian territorial order from the process of metropolization. Our sources will be: national public policies, political planning programs, urban plans and urban projects, territorial infrastructure, laws and decrees and other planning actions that have collaborated to the urbanization process. Our method is based on the concepts of Urban History, empirical and qualitative debate and the verification of the influence of concepts, matrices and theories on the planning actions. The analysis focuses on the post-1988 period characterized by productive restructuring, political-administrative change and changes in socioeconomic dynamics (national and international). The research is justified by the recognition of a new territorial transformation that is propagated and intensified with the state planning actions and private initiative that, together they consolidate a dispersion of the urbanization. From this context, it is possible to identify a repositioning of the territorial function of the cities (large, medium and small) and of the regional planning (macro-metropolitan, metropolitan and non-metropolitan) arrangements in the land-use planning that require revision in relation to inherited planning standards of the 19th and 20th centuries. (AU)