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Agri-environmental policy and agricultural fires in the Amazon: an economic analysis

Grant number: 19/05440-5
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: October 01, 2019 - September 30, 2021
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Economics
Principal Investigator:Thiago Fonseca Morello Ramalho da Silva
Grantee:Thiago Fonseca Morello Ramalho da Silva
Home Institution: Centro de Engenharia, Modelagem e Ciências Sociais Aplicadas (CECS). Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC). Ministério da Educação (Brasil). Santo André , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Demerval Soares Moreira ; Leonela Guimarães da Silva ; Liana Oighenstein Anderson ; Rubicleis Gomes da Silva ; Sonaira Souza Silva

Abstract

Agricultural fires and forest fires are among the main sources of emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants in the Brazilian Amazon. The agri-environmental policy in vigour has proved limited to contain fires, a gap that tends to be expanded by the current trends of a regional climate more favorable to the spread of fire and the reduction of the public budget for environmental protection. The research aims to contribute to increase the efficiency and equity with which the current policy instruments affect emissions from fires. To this end, multiple potential public policy improvements will be evaluated, first based on a cost-effectiveness analysis, which will combine techniques of (i) inference of individual preferences and (ii) statistical modelling of the health impacts of fires. In addition, a long-term analysis of the social distribution of costs and benefits generated by policy will be conducted, through the computational simulation of governmental and private decisions. This double methodological framework is innovative for integrating non-market valuation, remote sensing and statistical techniques, connecting efficiency and equity, supply and demand for environmental services and short and long term perspectives. Two Amazon states will be studied, Acre and Mato Grosso. (AU)