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The last period of Brazilian political transition: economic liberalization and democracy (1989-1994)

Abstract

This project intends to analyze the political disputes that occurred in Brazil, at the national level, in the period after the 1988 Constitution, from 1989 until the general elections of 1994. In the period, two macro-disputes polarized the various political actors: on the nature of democracy in 1988 and on the characteristics of economic liberalization. Such disputes led to several political crises of greater or lesser depth - including the one that led to the impeachment of Fernando Collor. In view of this environment of political instability, the research aims to find out how it was possible for Brazilian society to have a consolidated democratic regime at the end of 1994, to have its domestic economy partially adjusted to the economic liberalization that occurred at the international level, and have managed to stabilize your currency? The research will be oriented theoretically by the works of political analysis developed by Max Weber, by the works of political sociology that study crises analyzing coalitions and, in the examination of critical situations, by the perspective of Michel Dobry. The empirical research will be done mainly based on data bank made from newspaper news (Banco POLI) and interviews with political actors. It is expected to produce three articles and one book with the results. In addition to these publications, the results will be disseminated in national and international congresses (ANPOCS and IPSA). (AU)

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