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Breaking a paradigm? Melanopsin, a canonical photo-pigment, acting as sensor to entrain the clock in light unexposed organs, and its putative interaction with TRP channels: a trans-disciplinary study involving physiological and pathological aspects

Abstract

Based on preliminary data and on the amount of evidence produced by our group, this research project will investigate the following hypothesis: melanopsin (OPN4) and/or Transient Receptor Potencial channels (TRPs), expressed by cardiomyocytes, monitor among other putative signals, the variation of the core temperature and/or the local metabolic variation. We suggest that temperature variation would be brought about by the oxygenated blood entering the heart from the respiratory system, and the blood coming from the periphery, with lower pressure and poor in oxygen, in addition to the circadian variation of internal temperature. The temperature variation, or the metabolic alteration induced by the temperature change, would be translated by the heart, for instance, in the expression of its major hormones, Natriuretic Peptides (NPs) among others, to regulate local clocks and the metabolism of target organs such as White Adipose Tissue (WAT) and Brown Adipose Tissue (BAT), and of the heart itself. Once we assumed a link (through NPs) between cardiac function and metabolism, and between metabolic disfunction and clock disruption (Tables 1, 2 and 3), we may speculate that the unbalance of this machinery would be responsible for pathologies not only in the heart itself, but in the whole organism. To understand how this circuitry is affected in metabolic extremes such as Obesity and Cachexia will open the possibility of intervention in the pathological syndromes, or in the prevention or mitigation of those alterations. We will evaluate how temperature, or metabolic alteration, is sensed, the local clocks and the canonical tissue-specific processes in vivo, and in tissue explants or cell culture of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), médio-basal nucleus, heart, WAT and BAT of WT and ²1 adrenoceptor, Opn4, TrpV1, TrpM8 and TrpA1 KO mice, in physiological conditions and in the metabolic extremes of obesity and cachexia, associated with assays of temperature variation. Initially, we will obtain the transcriptome of the mentioned organs from WT mice subject to 22°C (cold challenge) and to 30°C (thermo-neutrality), what will allow us to focus the investigation in the pathways and signaling of sensation altered by the temperature challenge. The in vivo assays will be performed at 22°C (or 8°C below the thermoneutral temperature determined in the other genotypes by indirect calorimetry) and 30°C (or other temperature for thermo-neutrality found for the other genotypes) and the in vitro assays at 34 and 37°C for WT mice (or other range of maximal circadian temperature, and 3 degrees below, to be determined for the altered genotypes); some assays will be conducted in the presence of agonists and antagonists of OPN4 and TRP channels, or in CRISPER KO cells. In the in vivo experiments, we will perform telemetry of locomotor activity and core temperature, and calorimetry. We will analyze clock genes and the tissue-specific genes identified by the comparative transcriptoma, using among others the following techniques: immunocytochemistry, quantitative PCR, Western blot, flow cytometry with image, CRISPER. Along the duration of the project, we intend to establish the strain of organ-specific Opn4 KO with Cre-lox system. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MARCONDES, A. A. E.; GOMEZ, T. G. B.; RAVACHE, T. T.; BATISTUZZO, A.; LORENA, F. B.; DE PAULA, C. S.; LOWENTHAL, R.; BIANCO, A. C.; RIBEIRO, M. O. Assessment of children in the autistic spectrum disorder that carry the Thr92Ala-DIO2 polymorphism. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, JAN 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MONTEIRO DE ASSIS, LEONARDO VINICIUS; MENDES, DAVI; SILVA, MATHEUS MOLINA; KINKER, GABRIELA SARTI; PEREIRA-LIMA, ISABELLA; MORAES, MARIA NATHALIA; MARTINS MENCK, CARLOS FREDERICO; DE LAURO CASTRUCCI, ANA MARIA. Melanopsin mediates UVA-dependent modulation of proliferation, pigmentation, apoptosis, and molecular clock in normal and malignant melanocytes. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR CELL RESEARCH, v. 1867, n. 10 OCT 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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