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Migrations of the Orphic myth in modern-contemporary Brazilian poetry

Grant number: 19/20142-0
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: May 01, 2020 - April 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Brazilian Literature
Principal Investigator:Antônio Donizeti Pires
Grantee:Antônio Donizeti Pires
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Recurring theme in the arts and in Western literature, the myth of Orpheus appears in colonial Brazilian poetry and here we can find fertile ground since then, being operated according to this or that aesthetic period, so less or more, depending on this or that artist who elected the myth - a fact that alone exposes assumptions of a Orphic history of literature (and/or culture) Brazilian. This research, therefore, whose object is the lyric poetry, diachronically considers the following types of migrations of Orpheus in Brazil, roughly speaking: a) from Baroque to Parnassianism, when it is taken more as a topic, theme or motif; b) between Romanticism and Symbolism, when begin to delineate, among some poets, a certain worldview Orphic; c) from the mid 40/50 of the twentieth century, when thickens about worldview and the poets or hold fast to traditional copies attributes of Orpheus, or perform certain subversion of the myth, degrading it, deconstructing it and making it unsacred, in line with the dysfunction of the poet in technocratic societies. As is present in the work of important Brazilian poets (Cruz e Sousa, Drummond, Jorge de Lima, Murilo Mendes, Dora Ferreira da Silva, Adriano Espínola and many others), get not only a catalog of Orpheus migrations between us, but a mapping, synchronous key, the deep meanings of such recurrence among our artists. With the research seeks to shed some light on the complexity and extent of the problem (which affects other national literatures, certainly, like Argentinian, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Canadian etc.), including seeking the meanings and the driving lines than we appoint Orpheum-poetic thinking modern, from Romantic-Symbolist matrix. (AU)