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The individual behavior of investors and their effects on aggregate returns and risk

Grant number: 19/21485-9
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: June 01, 2020 - May 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Administration - Business Administration
Principal researcher:Alan de Genaro Dario
Grantee:Alan de Genaro Dario
Home Institution: Escola de Administração de Empresas (EAESP). Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: André de Castro Silva ; Pedro Alberto Chauffaille Saffi

Abstract

This is a proposal to study the effects of individual portfolio trading decisions on aggregate stock market variables. The academic literature has many open questions on how investors trade and if their behavior has any consequences for returns at the aggregate level. For example, how investors react to news and how their portfolio rebalancing decisions affect aggregate fluctuations in the market price of risk. Understanding the consequences of investor behavior is important for optimizing investment decisions and for the design of financial markets regulations.The limited availability of data is a major constraint for studies in this area. Portfolio holdings data are seldom available and usually cover only a small sample of investors. Previous work has tried to bypass this problem by developing theoretical models and using simulations to study the effects of individual behavior. However, these simulations require strong assumptions to make empirical assessments.We measure the effects of the behavior of investors by employing a dataset with Brazilian investors' trading information provided by B3, the Brazilian securities exchange. The dataset contains portfolio holdings and daily trades for all investors in the Brazilian market (more than 550,000 participants) between 2012 and 2013. The data include stocks, derivatives, and other financial assets, allowing us to observe individual portfolios over time. Moreover, the investors are categorized by type, such as individuals, mutual funds, and non-residents.The data have the potential to become a reference to the study of the behavior of investors. B3 is a large and modern securities exchange who adopts the final beneficiary model, which identifies each transaction and holding with the highest possible level of disclosure. We expect to provide new results that help to promote the efficiency of financial markets.Here are some of the research questions we aim to study: (i) Do large investors react faster to news? (ii) Is there evidence of information asymmetry and mispricing? (iii) How different are portfolio rebalancing frequencies across investors? (iv) Can rebalancing increase the volatility of the market risk premium? (v) How do investors react to news on recent IPOs? (AU)

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