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Development of environmental quality monitoring network in smart cities - EnvCity

Abstract

Environmental pollution is currently the leading cause of death worldwide. Added to this problem is the large concentration of people living in urban areas. This scenario has direct implications in the population urban health, due to the exposure of these people to substances present in the air and water, which consist of natural resources essential to human life. Another aspect is the high cost of acquisition and maintenance of conventional monitoring stations that make networks with adequate spatial distribution economically unviable. Given this problem, it is proposed to develop an air and water quality monitoring network using low-cost sensors, with data transmission in real-time, for open data availability to society and in the form of maps via apps for mobile devices, in line with smart cities concept. These objectives are also in harmony with Klimapolis goals (http://klimapolis.net/). A smart city can be built with the combination of sensing technologies, long-range wireless networks, and computational infrastructure for processing large volumes of heterogeneous data, in order to develop intelligent and scalable solutions to deal with the challenges of large urban centers, one of the several application domains comprised by a smart city is the environmental monitoring. For the development of this project the cities of Toledo (PR) and Londrina (PR), were taken as pilot cities due to the strong demand of society for a better life quality. Scientific challenges range from the definition of the most suitable sensors to the availability of data clearly and reliably for society. It is expected to provide useful information to society and to subsidize public managers in decision-making. (AU)

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