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Intelligent systems: predictive modeling and internet of things for animal production in agriculture 4.0


This project is the result of cooperation between researchers in the areas of animal environment. Precision animal farming and animal welfare are associated with the development of products, services, and innovation, enabled by technologies aimed at digital agriculture within the agricultural value chain, emphasizing software and hardware that provide solutions and adjustments in the stages of agricultural production processes. It encompasses precision livestock, farm automation and robotics, computational methods, image processing, computer vision, intelligent systems, big data techniques, and the internet of things. Researchers from the University of São Paulo - Luiz de Queiroz Higher School of Agriculture (ESALQ/USP) and the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE) will work together. The purpose of the proposal is to apply digital technologies and deep machine learning techniques to automate complex handling processes in animal production, increasing their productivity and efficiency through a variety of disruptive technologies that reach agriculture and can help producers manage their production units more safely and sustainably. Likewise, proposed management of the production system using the principles of Internet of Things (IoT), robotics and machine learning, and Artificial Intelligence (AI). The research will be divided into four stages. The first two will be carried out at UFRPE, namely: 1. Study and develop automatic predictive techniques to assist in the early diagnosis of bovine mastitis from sets of digital thermal images of animals with and without a known diagnosis; 2. Develop an intelligent IoT system capable of automatically monitoring cattle behavior on pasture. The subsequent steps will involve the poultry chain developed by the ESALQ/USP Team. Using IoT, robotics, and Machine Learning (ML) tools to develop, validate and apply an animal-robot for hatchery and aviary environments (specifically robot-egg and robot-chicken), characterizing it as a biosensor agent in the acquisition of environmental variables in a continuous way, allowing to collect, transfer and analyze the information in real-time, with the presentation of predictive algorithms. The specific objectives are 3. Develop a monitoring system to acquire data from the internal environment of incubators and inside fertile eggs associated with machine learning for decision-making and reduction of productive losses in hatcheries (robot-egg). 4. Develop a robotic and mobile model in the production environment (broiler aviary) recording environmental information in real-time using sensory devices for the acquisition and transfer of data for use in machine learning and generation of predictive information for problem-solving in industrial poultry (robot-chicken). It is expected that these research actions can help in the transfer of technologies applied to artificial intelligence in animal production and information relevant to the improvement of local productive arrangements in the states of Pernambuco and São Paulo and consequently for the whole country. (AU)

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