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Direct sowing system of agricultural production

Grant number: 03/09914-3
Support type:PRONEX Research - Thematic Grants
Duration: July 01, 2004 - June 30, 2007
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Crop Science
Cooperation agreement: CNPq - Pronex
Principal Investigator:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Grantee:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (FCA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Crop rotations and keeping the soil always covered are paramount for the success of the no-till system in tropical areas. In this way, relay crops and/or winter crops must be used in the rotation to produce grains or just to produce straw and maintain soil covering throughout the year. In Tropical regions, considering the temperature and rainfall, the decay of plant residues is very fast. The best indicators of cover straw quality for these regions are the ability to cover the soil soon after plant emergence, percentage of soil covering, residue persistence and ability to recycle nutrients. Nutrient recycling is very important as regarding soil fertility amelioration and maintenance in no-till systems. Besides, the straw accumulation in soil surface can be an alternative in correcting soil acidity and neutralize toxic aluminum. The intensive use of the soil under inadequate conditions can lead to formation of compacted layers, changing the chemical and, mainly, the physical characteristics of the soil. An alternative to reduce soil compaction is the use of rotations including cover crops with vigorous root systems, capable of grow in compacted soil layers with high penetration resistance and creating biopores where the roots of the next crop can grow. The present project was designed with the following objectives: provide a better understanding of straw decay dynamics and of nutriente recycling in agricultural production systems, as well as to evaluate its relevance in fertilizer management; to offer alternatives in fertilizer management as to optimize farm operations and nutrient use efficiency; to study liming techniques to enhance the efficiency of surface applied lime; to evaluate crop species, in field conditions, as to their ability to grow in compacted soil layers, as well as its effects on soil physical properties and root growth of the succeeding crop; to have a better understanding of the problems regarding seed production and technology in some cover crop species. (AU)

Scientific publications (11)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CRUSCIOL, CARLOS A. C.; MARQUES, RUBIA R.; CARMEIS FILHO, ANTONIO C. A.; SORATTO, ROGERIO P.; COSTA, CLAUDIO H. M.; FERRARI NETO, JAYME; CASTRO, GUSTAVO S. A.; PARIZ, CRISTIANO M.; CASTILHOS, ANDRE M.; FRANZLUEBBERS, ALAN J. Lime and gypsum combination improves crop and forage yields and estimated meat production and revenue in a variable charge tropical soil. NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS, v. 115, n. 3, p. 347-372, DEC 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MATEUS, G. P.; CRUSCIOL, C. A. C.; PARIZ, C. M.; COSTA, N. R.; BORGHI, E.; COSTA, C.; MARTELLO, J. M.; CASTILHOS, A. M.; FRANZLUEBBERS, A. J.; CANTARELLA, H. Corn intercropped with tropical perennial grasses as affected by sidedress nitrogen application rates. NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS, v. 116, n. 2 NOV 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CRUSCIOL, CARLOS A. C.; MARQUES, RUBIA R.; CARMEIS FILHO, ANTONIO C. A.; SORATTO, ROGERIO P.; COSTA, CLAUDIO H. M.; NETO, JAYME FERRARI; CASTRO, GUSTAVO S. A.; PARIZ, CRISTIANO M.; DE CASTILHOS, ANDRE M. Annual crop rotation of tropical pastures with no-till soil as affected by lime surface application. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, v. 80, p. 88-104, OCT 2016. Web of Science Citations: 7.
CRUSCIOL, CARLOS A. C.; ARTIGIANI, ANGELA C. C. A.; ARF, ORIVALDO; CARMEIS FILHO, ANTONIO C. A.; SORATTO, ROGERIO P.; NASCENTE, ADRIANO S.; ALVAREZ, RITA C. F. Surface Application of Lime-Silicate-Phosphogypsum Mixtures for Improving Tropical Soil Properties and Irrigated Common Bean Yield. Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 80, n. 4, p. 930-942, JUL-AUG 2016. Web of Science Citations: 2.
CRUSCIOL, CARLOS A. C.; ARTIGIANI, ANGELA C. C. A.; ARF, ORIVALDO; CARMEIS FILHO, ANTONIO C. A.; SORATTO, ROGERIO P.; NASCENTE, ADRIANO S.; ALVAREZ, RITA C. F. Soil fertility, plant nutrition, and grain yield of upland rice affected by surface application of lime, silicate, and phosphogypsum in a tropical no-till system. CATENA, v. 137, p. 87-99, FEB 2016. Web of Science Citations: 18.
MATEUS, G. P.; CRUSCIOL, C. A. C.; PARIZ, C. M.; BORGHI, E.; COSTA, C.; MARTELLO, J. M.; FRANZLUEBBERS, A. J.; CASTILHOS, A. M. Sidedress Nitrogen Application Rates to Sorghum lntercropped with Tropical Perennial Grasses. AGRONOMY JOURNAL, v. 108, n. 1, p. 433-447, JAN-FEB 2016. Web of Science Citations: 13.
CRUSCIOL, CARLOS A. C.; NASCENTE, ADRIANO S.; BORGHI, EMERSON; SORATTO, ROGERIO P.; MARTINS, PRISCILA O. Improving Soil Fertility and Crop Yield in a Tropical Region with Palisadegrass Cover Crops. AGRONOMY JOURNAL, v. 107, n. 6, p. 2271-2280, NOV-DEC 2015. Web of Science Citations: 16.
BORGHI, EMERSON; COSTA CRUSCIOL, CARLOS ALEXANDRE; OCHEUZE TRIVELIN, PAULO CESAR; NASCENTE, ADRIANO STEPHAN; COSTA, CINIRO; MATEUS, GUSTAVO PAVAN. NITROGEN FERTILIZATION ((NH4NO3)-N-15) OF PALISADEGRASS AND RESIDUAL EFFECT ON SUBSEQUENT NO-TILLAGE CORN. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 38, n. 5, p. 1457-1468, SEP-OCT 2014. Web of Science Citations: 4.
CRUSCIOL, C. A. C.; NASCENTE, A. S.; MATEUS, G. P.; PARIZ, C. M.; MARTINS, P. O.; BORGHI, E. Intercropping soybean and palisade grass for enhanced land use efficiency and revenue in a no till system. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, v. 58, p. 53-62, AUG 2014. Web of Science Citations: 20.
EMERSON BORGHI; CARLOS ALEXANDRE COSTA CRUSCIOL; PAULO CESAR OCHEUZE TRIVELIN; ADRIANO STEPHAN NASCENTE; CINIRO COSTA; GUSTAVO PAVAN MATEUS. Nitrogen fertilization (15NH4NO3) of palisadegrass and residual effect on subsequent no-tillage corn. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 38, n. 5, p. -, Out. 2014.
BORGHI, E.; CRUSCIOL, C. A. C.; NASCENTE, A. S.; SOUSA, V. V.; MARTINS, P. O.; MATEUS, G. P.; COSTA, C. Sorghum grain yield, forage biomass production and revenue as affected by intercropping time. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, v. 51, p. 130-139, NOV 2013. Web of Science Citations: 21.

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