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Hadronic matter and QCD in astrophysics: supernovae, GRBs and compact stars


This thematic project is devoted to study the relationship between strongly interacting matter which populates the QCD phase diagram at high chemical potential and T = 0, with its physical realization (compact stars and their birth events, supernovae and GRBs) constituting nature's natural laboratories. We shall attempt to model the stellar structure and dynamics which can be directly related to the observed phenomenology from high-quality data (stellar spectra, pulsar timing, cooling curves, etc.) with the aim of evaluating the presence of hadronic and quark states in the interiors, without restricting ourselves to 'classical' tests (masses in binary systems), but rather using them as a part of the body of evidence to be accommodated. We shall dedicate attention to microphysics and hydrodynamics of exotic models which postulate the appearance of quark matter (particularly in their self-bound versions SQM and CFL SQM) as an important ingredient for supernova explosions and GRBs. Exact models and relativistic stellar structure will be studied to include electric charge and magnetic fields, not only because of their intrinsic interest but also for the possible applications to actual stellar systems. Finally we shall try to unravel basic unknown facts about magnetars (SGRs and AXPs), considered both as peculiar stellar systems but also because their relation with fundamental questions referred to dense matter in extreme magnetic fields. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Los pesos pesados del Universo 
The heavyweights of the Universe 
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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COELHO, JAZIEL G.; MALHEIRO, MANUEL. Magnetic dipole moment of soft gamma-ray repeaters and anomalous X-ray pulsars described as massive and magnetic white dwarfs. PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, v. 66, n. 1, . (07/03633-3)
PAULUCCI, L.; HORVATH, J. E.. Strange quark matter fragmentation in astrophysical events. Physics Letters B, v. 733, p. 164-168, . (07/03633-3)
MALHEIRO, MANUEL; RUEDA, JORGE A.; RUFFINI, REMO. SGRs and AXPs as Rotation-Powered Massive White Dwarfs. PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, v. 64, n. 3, . (07/03633-3)
ALBERTO, P.; DE CASTRO, A. S.; MALHEIRO, M.. Spin and pseudospin symmetries of the Dirac equation with confining central potentials. Physical Review C, v. 87, n. 3, . (07/03633-3)
LOURENCO, O.; DUTRA, M.; FREDERICO, T.; DELFINO, A.; MALHEIRO, M.. Vector interaction strength in Polyakov-Nambu-Jona-Lasinio models from hadron-quark phase diagrams. Physical Review D, v. 85, n. 9, . (07/03633-3)

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