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Cardiac remodeling and genic changes induced by LPS: RNAi for terapeuctic use in heart dysfunction

Grant number: 06/00443-6
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: September 01, 2006 - August 31, 2009
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal researcher:Francisco Garcia Soriano
Grantee:Francisco Garcia Soriano
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FM). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In 2003 Brazilian Health System spend about R$ 17,34 billions in Intensive Care Medicine, it represents 30 to 35% of total health budget. Sepsis is the main cause of costs in public and private health system. Severe sepsis and septic shock present mortality rate of 40 a 60%. In the last two decades the numbers of sepsis mortality has not been changed, in spite development of new antibiotics and new procedures for intensive care.Septic heart function has been studied in many works, however, for a long time was thought that heart was one of last organs damage by sepsis. In a recent study from our group (in press in Critical Care Medicine ) we showed a correlation among troponin, stroke work index and poly(ADP ribose) polimerase activation, a signal of severe oxidative stress and futile energy expenditure leading to cell death. Also we observe an inflammatory infiltration and collagen deposition. Next we realize preliminary studies in rats, and we found cardiac dysfunction in the very initial endotoxemic process. In conclusion, during a septic shock there is na intense vasodilatation, so any other factor that add some reduction in oxygen delivery to tissues will imply in a vicious cicle with organ damage. In this scenario heart dysfunction can intensify a mortality rate. The main stein of this study is to characterize the pathophysiologic mechanisms of heart dysfunction for an appropriate therapeutic intervention. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PETRONI, RICARDO COSTA; TEODORO, WALCY R.; GUIDO, MARIA CAROLINA; BARBEIRO, HERMES VIEIRA; ABATEPAULO, FATIMA; THEOBALDO, MARIANA CARDILLO; BISELLI, PAOLO CESARE; SORIANO, FRANCISCO GARCIA. ROLE OF FOCAL ADHESION KINASE IN LUNG REMODELING OF ENDOTOXEMIC RATS. Shock, v. 37, n. 5, p. 524-530, MAY 2012. Web of Science Citations: 7.
GUIDO, MARIA C.; CLEMENTE, CAROLINA F.; MORETTI, ANA I.; BARBEIRO, HERMES V.; DEBBAS, VICTOR; CALDINI, ELIA G.; FRANCHINI, KLEBER G.; SORIANO, FRANCISCO G. SMALL INTERFERING RNA TARGETING FOCAL ADHESION KINASE PREVENTS CARDIAC DYSFUNCTION IN ENDOTOXEMIA. Shock, v. 37, n. 1, p. 77-84, JAN 2012. Web of Science Citations: 5.
MARIANA CARDILLO THEOBALDO; HERMES VIEIRA BARBEIRO; DENISE FREDIANI BARBEIRO; RICARDO PETRONI; FRANCISCO GARCIA SORIANO. Hypertonic saline solution reduces the inflammatory response in endotoxemic rats. Clinics, v. 67, n. 12, p. 1463-1468, Dez. 2012. Web of Science Citations: 4.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.