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Narrowing the uncertainties on aerosol and climate changes in São Paulo State: NUANCES-SPS

Grant number: 08/58104-8
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: April 01, 2011 - November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Cooperation agreement: CNPq - Pronex
Principal Investigator:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Grantee:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Edmilson Dias de Freitas ; Eduardo Landulfo ; Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva
Associated grant(s):14/00621-8 - Local and global forcings to the air quality in the metropolitan region of São Paulo, AV.EXT
14/04878-3 - Technical visit of Cindy Morris, AV.EXT
13/21087-7 - LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging): improvements of aerosol monitoring in the framework of LALINET, AV.EXT
+ associated grants 13/07971-1 - Dr. Zuoqiang Hao visit: study of aerosol optical properties in the city of São Paulo using the CRDs technique: implementation and validation, AV.EXT
13/11836-2 - Cirrus studies and evaluation of long range transport of particles into the South American Continent, AV.EXT
11/17326-0 - Determination of the organic composition of the São Paulo fine particles, AV.EXT
11/07475-9 - Dr. Mark A. Vaughan's visit: improvement of the analysis algorithm of the LIDAR and CALIPSO satellite data, AV.EXT - associated grants
Associated scholarship(s):14/15981-0 - Study of light volatile organic compounds composition: vehicle contribution impact in air pollution in São Paulo Metropolitan Region, BP.IC
14/14048-8 - BTEX in the atmosphere of São Paulo metropolitan region, BP.IC
13/23274-9 - Fungal origin bioaerosols identification in the City of São Paulo, BP.MS
+ associated scholarships 11/21114-9 - Determination of the aerosol optical properties through CRDs technique, BP.IC
11/17754-2 - Determination of the organic fraction in the fine particles emitted from the vehicular fleet in São Paulo City, BP.DR
11/18777-6 - Assessment of vehicular emissions of organic and inorganic compounds from the combustion of biofuels and their contributions to air quality in the metropolitan area of São Paulo, BP.PD
11/01040-0 - Atmospheric conditions associated with pollution dispersion over the cities of São Paulo and Santiago, BP.DR - associated scholarships

Abstract

In recent decades, great progress has been made toward understanding exactly how aerosol particles affect the climate system. Nevertheless, according to the 2007 assessment by the Intergovemmental Panel on Climate Change, the task of quantifying the direct and indirect radiative forcing with reasonable precision remains a challenge. In polluted, populated regions, aerosol particles not only affect the climate but can also impair air quality and consequently endanger the health of population. Such is the case in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP), one of the largest megacities in the world. It is recognized that megacities have regional and global effects on climate, and that aerosols constitute the principal tracer of those effects. Attempts to describe the origin and fate of aerosols in the atmosphere must employ modeling in order to represent the physicochemical processes. Another common objective is to evaluate the impact of climate change on air quality in mega-cities. One important point is that mega-cities have a strong impact on global air quality and are highly affected by climate changes. Urban centers can be considered climate observatories in which hypotheses regarding the interactions among climate, air quality and human health can be evaluated. This project, comprising various subprojects, will employ measurements and modeling to study aerosol particles in the atmosphere: sources; evolution in the atmosphere; formation of secondary particles; deposition; and potential impact on the climate and human health. Ground-based and aircraft measurements are planned. Aerosol size and chemical composition, including bioaerosol, as well as cloud condensation nuclei, will be analyzed. Expected benefits from this project include an emission inventory of the principal aerosol sources in the MASP, an aerosol optical and cloud microphysical model, together with an estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing and the respective uncertainty, and a more realistic air quality model including human health impacts. We also expect to clarify how the changes in climate will affect air quality in the MASP. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
Exposure to pollution is uneven in the city of São Paulo  
Metropolitan São Paulo needs to control diesel vehicle emissions 
Wood and charcoal burning may contribute to atmospheric pollution in São Paulo 
Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Maganize about the research grant:
Clean Air 
From drizzle to downpour 

Scientific publications (26)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ALMEIDA, GERSON P.; BITTENCOURT, ANTONIO T.; EVANGELISTA, MARCAL S.; VIEIRA-FILHO, MARCELO S.; FORNARO, ADALGIZA. Characterization of aerosol chemical composition from urban pollution in Brazil and its possible impacts on the aerosol hygroscopicity and size distribution. Atmospheric Environment, v. 202, p. 149-159, APR 1 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
GAVIDIA-CALDERON, M.; VARA-VELA, A.; CRESPO, N. M.; ANDRADE, M. F. Impact of time-dependent chemical boundary conditions on tropospheric ozone simulation with WRF-Chem: An experiment over the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo. Atmospheric Environment, v. 195, p. 112-124, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
VARA-VELA, ANGEL; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; ZHANG, YANG; KUMAR, PRASHANT; SOUTO-OLIVEIRA, CARLOS EDUARDO; LANDULFO, EDUARDO. . JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 123, n. 17, p. 9935-9956, SEP 16 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
BUENO DE MORAIS, MARCOS VINICIUS; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; MARCIOTTO, EDSON R.; URBINA GUERRERO, VIVIANA VANESA; MARTINS, LEILA DROPRINCHINSKI; MARTINS, JORGE ALBERTO. Implementation of Observed Sky-View Factor in a Mesoscale Model for Sensitivity Studies of the Urban Meteorology. SUSTAINABILITY, v. 10, n. 7 JUL 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
SOUTO-OLIVEIRA, C. E.; BABINSKI, M.; ARAUJO, D. F.; ANDRADE, M. F. Multi-isotopic fingerprints (Pb, Zn, Cu) applied for urban aerosol source apportionment and discrimination. Science of The Total Environment, v. 626, p. 1350-1366, JUN 1 2018. Web of Science Citations: 7.
MARTINS, LEILA DROPRINCHINSKI; HEI WIKUATS, CAROLINE FERNANDA; CAPUCIM, MAURICIO NONATO; DE ALMEIDA, DANIELA S.; DA COSTA, SILVANO CESAR; ALBUQUERQUE, TACIANA; BARRETO CARVALHO, VANESSA SILVEIRA; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; MARTINS, JORGE ALBERTO. Extreme value analysis of air pollution data and their comparison between two large urban regions of South America. WEATHER AND CLIMATE EXTREMES, v. 18, p. 44-54, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 5.
PEREZ-MARTINEZ, PEDRO JOSE; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; DE MIRANDA, REGINA MAURA. Heavy truck restrictions and air quality implications in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 202, n. 1, p. 55-68, NOV 1 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
ALVES, CELIA A.; VICENTE, ANA M.; ROCHA, SONIA; VASCONCELLOS, PEROLA. Hopanoid hydrocarbons in PM10 from road tunnels in So Paulo, Brazil. AIR QUALITY ATMOSPHERE AND HEALTH, v. 10, n. 7, p. 799-807, SEP 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; KUMAR, PRASHANT; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; YNOUE, RITA YURI; MARTINS, JORGE; MARTINS, LEILA D.; NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; PEREZ-MARTINEZ, PEDRO; DE MIRANDA, REGINA MAURA; ALBUQUERQUE, TACIANA; TEIXEIRA GONCALVES, FABIO LUIZ; OYAMA, BEATRIZ; ZHANG, YANG. Air quality in the megacity of Sao Paulo: Evolution over the last 30 years and future perspectives. Atmospheric Environment, v. 159, p. 66-82, JUN 2017. Web of Science Citations: 25.
MENDES EMYGDIO, ANA PAULA; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FAIMA; TEIXEIRA GONCALVES, FABIO LUIZ; ENGLING, GUENTER; DE SOUZA ZANETTI, RAFAEL HENRIQUE; KUMAR, PRASHANT. Biomarkers as indicators of fungal biomass in the atmosphere of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, v. 612, p. 809-821, JAN 15 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
DE MIRANDA, REGINA MAURA; LOPES, FABIO; DO ROSARIO, NILTON EVORA; YAMASOE, MARCIA AKEMI; LANDULFO, EDUARDO; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA. The relationship between aerosol particles chemical composition and optical properties to identify the biomass burning contribution to fine particles concentration: a case study for Sao Paulo city, Brazil. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, v. 189, n. 1 JAN 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
YAMASOE, M. A.; DO ROSARIO, N. M. E.; BARROS, K. M. Downward solar global irradiance at the surface in Sao Paulo city-The climatological effects of aerosol and clouds. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 122, n. 1, p. 391-404, JAN 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.
VIEIRA-FILHO, MARCELO; PEDROTTI, JAIRO J.; FORNARO, ADALGIZA. Water-soluble ions species of size-resolved aerosols: Implications for the atmospheric acidity in Sao Paulo megacity, Brazil. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, v. 181, p. 281-287, NOV 15 2016. Web of Science Citations: 7.
DOMINUTTI, PAMELA A.; NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; BORBON, AGNES; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; FORNARO, ADALGIZA. One-year of NMHCs hourly observations in Sao Paulo megacity: meteorological and traffic emissions effects in a large ethanol burning context. Atmospheric Environment, v. 142, p. 371-382, OCT 2016. Web of Science Citations: 11.
VIEIRA-FILHO, MARCELO S.; ITO, DEBORA T.; PEDROTTI, JAIRO J.; COELHO, LUCIA H. G.; FORNARO, ADALGIZA. Gas-phase ammonia and water-soluble ions in particulate matter analysis in an urban vehicular tunnel. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 23, n. 19, p. 19876-19886, OCT 2016. Web of Science Citations: 7.
BUENO DE MORAIS, MARCOS VINICIUS; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; URBINA GUERRERO, VIVIANA VANESA; MARTINS, LEILA DROPRINCHINSKI. A modeling analysis of urban canopy parameterization representing the vegetation effects in the megacity of Sao Paulo. URBAN CLIMATE, v. 17, p. 102-115, SEP 2016. Web of Science Citations: 4.
HETEM, IVAN GREGORIO; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA. Characterization of Fine Particulate Matter Emitted from the Resuspension of Road and Pavement Dust in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, Brazil. ATMOSPHERE, v. 7, n. 3 MAR 2016. Web of Science Citations: 11.
LUIS GUERRERO-RASCADO, JUAN; LANDULFO, EDUARDO; CARLOS ANTUNA, JUAN; JORGE BARBOSA, HENRIQUE DE MELO; BARJA, BORIS; EFRAIN BASTIDAS, ALVARO; ESTEBAN BEDOYA, ANDRES; DA COSTA, RENATA FACUNDES; ESTEVAN, RENE; FORNO, RICARDO; GOUVEIA, DIEGO ALVES; JIMENEZ, CRISTOFER; LARROZA, ELIANE GONCALVES; DA SILVA LOPES, FABIO JULIANO; MONTILLA-ROSERO, ELENA; MOREIRA, GREGORI DE ARRUDA; NAKAEMA, WALKER MORINOBU; NISPERUZA, DANIEL; ALEGRIA, DAIRO; MUNERA, MAURICIO; OTERO, LIDIA; PAPANDREA, SEBASTIAN; VICENTE PALLOTA, JUAN; PAWELKO, EZEQUIEL; JAIME QUEL, EDUARDO; RISTORI, PABLO; RODRIGUES, PATRICIA FERRINI; SALVADOR, JACOBO; FERNANDA SANCHEZ, MARIA; SILVA, ANTONIETA. Latin American Lidar Network (LALINET) for aerosol research: Diagnosis on network instrumentation. JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS, v. 138, p. 112-120, FEB 2016. Web of Science Citations: 19.
VARA-VELA, A.; ANDRADE, M. F.; KUMAR, P.; YNOUE, R. Y.; MUNOZ, A. G. Impact of vehicular emissions on the formation of fine particles in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area: a numerical study with the WRF-Chem model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 16, n. 2, p. 777-797, 2016. Web of Science Citations: 17.
PEREZ-MARTINEZ, PEDRO JOSE; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; DE MIRANDA, REGINA MAURA. Traffic-related air quality trends in SAo Paulo, Brazil. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 120, n. 12, p. 6290-6304, JUN 27 2015. Web of Science Citations: 16.
ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; YNOUE, RITA Y.; FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; TODESCO, ENZO; VELA, ANGEL VARA; IBARRE, SERGIO; MARTINS, LEILA DROPRINCHINSKI; MARTINS, JORGE ALBERTO; BARRETO CARVALHO, VANESSA SILVEIRA. Air quality forecasting system for Southeastern Brazil. FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, v. 3, 2015. Web of Science Citations: 18.
LUIS GUERRERO-RASCADO, JUAN; DA COSTA, RENATA FACUNDES; ESTEBAN BEDOYA, ANDRES; GUARDANI, ROBERTO; ALADOS-ARBOLEDAS, LUCAS; EFRAIN BASTIDAS, ALVARO; LANDULFO, EDUARDO. Multispectral elastic scanning lidar for industrial flare research: characterizing the electronic subsystem and application. Optics Express, v. 22, n. 25, p. 31063-31077, DEC 15 2014. Web of Science Citations: 8.
PEREZ-MARTINEZ, P. J.; MIRANDA, R. M.; NOGUEIRA, T.; GUARDANI, M. L.; FORNARO, A.; YNOUE, R.; ANDRADE, M. F. Emission factors of air pollutants from vehicles measured inside road tunnels in So Paulo: case study comparison. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 11, n. 8, SI, p. 2155-2168, NOV 2014. Web of Science Citations: 28.
NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; DOMINUTTI, PAMELA ALEJANDRA; FRANCO DE CARVALHO, LILIAN ROTHSCHILD; FORNARO, ADALGIZA; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde measurements in urban atmosphere impacted by the use of ethanol biofuel: Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP), 2012-2013. FUEL, v. 134, p. 505-513, OCT 15 2014. Web of Science Citations: 20.
BRITO, J.; RIZZO, L. V.; HERCKES, P.; VASCONCELLOS, P. C.; CAUMO, S. E. S.; FORNARO, A.; YNOUE, R. Y.; ARTAXO, P.; ANDRADE, M. F. Physical-chemical characterisation of the particulate matter inside two road tunnels in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 13, n. 24, p. 12199-12213, 2013. Web of Science Citations: 39.
LOPES, F. J. S.; LANDULFO, E.; VAUGHAN, M. A. Evaluating CALIPSO's 532 nm lidar ratio selection algorithm using AERONET sun photometers in Brazil. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 6, n. 11, p. 3281-3299, 2013. Web of Science Citations: 21.

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