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Clinical, laboratorial and quality of life trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose oral isotretinoin for seborrhea

Grant number: 10/51049-1
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: December 01, 2010 - May 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal Investigator:Ediléia Bagatin
Grantee:Ediléia Bagatin
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Oral isotretinoin is a retinoid that controls gene expression related to cellular proliferation, differentiation, with specific action over sebocytes, reducting sebaceous gland size and secretion rate. It is the gold standard drug to treat moderate to severe acne. Other indications have been suggested: seborrhea, seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea and non-melanoma skin cancer prevention. There is risk of reversible mucocutaneous side effects (keilitis, dryness of skin, nose and eyes) as well as alterations in lipid profile and transaminases. The major problem is teratogenicity which demands pregnancy control from treatment beginning to one month after treatment end. Seborrhea and seborrheic dermatitis are chronic conditions characterized by oily skin, hair and scalp, erythema, desquamation and negative impact on quality of life. This will be an interventional, therapeutic and quality of life randomized, comparative (parallel groups), blinded evaluation clinical trial, comprising 50 men and women, aged 18 to 40. Treatment with low-dose oral isotretinoin will be compared to topical anti-seborrheic products to evaluate the reduction of sebaceous secretion and colonization of affected areas by saprophyte yeasts of Malassezia gender. Efficacy will be evaluated by clinical parameters, as well as by sebumetry and application of quality of quality of life questionnaires. Safety will be evaluated by corneometry, side effects report and observation. Sebumeter and Corneometer, from Courage e Khazaka, Köln, Germain, will be used. For subjects using oral isotretinoin blood counting, transaminases, lipid profile and pregnancy test will be requested as selection criteria, on days 30 and at treatment end. Results will be submitted to statistical analysis. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
KAMAMOTO, C. S. L.; NISHIKAKU, A. S.; GOMPERTZ, O. F.; MELO, A. S.; HASSUN, K. M.; BAGATIN, E. Cutaneous fungal microbiome: Malassezia yeasts in seborrheic dermatitis scalp in a randomized, comparative and therapeutic trial. DERMATO-ENDOCRINOLOGY, v. 9, n. 1 OCT 23 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
LEAO KAMAMOTO, CRISTHINE DE SOUZA; SANUDO, ADRIANA; HASSUN, KARIME M.; BAGATIN, EDILEIA. Low-dose oral isotretinoin for moderate to severe seborrhea and seborrheic dermatitis: a randomized comparative trial. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, v. 56, n. 1, p. 80-85, JAN 2017. Web of Science Citations: 8.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.