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Morphoanatomy of the vegetative organs and chemical profile of species of the Smilax L. (Smilacaceae) genus

Grant number: 05/58964-9
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
Duration: February 01, 2006 - January 31, 2010
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Botany - Plant Morphology
Principal Investigator:Beatriz Appezzato da Glória
Grantee:Beatriz Appezzato da Glória
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The taxonomic confusion that occurs between different species of the Smilax genus, known popularly as sarsaparilla, could be solved, with a more solid basis for its identification, through the characterization and definition of anatomical and chemical particularities. These plants are used in popular medicine as a tonic, against rheumatism and antisyphilitic. The objective of this work will be to describe the morphoanatomy of the above-ground and subterranean vegetative organs of six species of Smilax L, to undertake seed germination studies to verify the viability of the culture, to analyze the ontogenesis of the subterranean system of Smilax polyantha to clarify the establishment of the secondary structure, to carry out cytogenetic studies and analyze the chemical profile of Smilax polyantha and the other species proposed (in the event there is an abundance of material and the results with S. polyantha are promising). For structural analyses, we will use permanent and semi permanent slides made up from section of the vegetative organs obtained freehand or through rotating microtome after fixing, dehydrating and infiltrating in synthetic resin or vegetal material. The results will be recorded through photomicrographs and in botanical illustrations. To determine the chemical profile, chemical extraction will be undertaken, chromatographic triage, isolation and structural identification of the substances isolated. Seed germination tests and analysis of rooting and sprouting of cuttings will be carried out with the aim of understanding the potential for propagation of these species and, consequently, provide information for their sustainable use. (AU)

Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PIZZAIA, DANIEL; OLIVEIRA-MAEKAWA, VANESSA M.; MARTINS, ALINE R.; MONDIN, MATEUS; AGUIAR-PERECIN, MARGARIDA L. R. Karyotype structure and NOR activity in Brazilian Smilax Linnaeus, 1753 species (Smilacaceae). COMPARATIVE CYTOGENETICS, v. 13, n. 3, p. 245-263, AUG 22 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MARTINS, ALINE R.; BOMBO, ALINE B.; SOARES, ANIELCA N.; APPEZZATO-DA-GLORIA, BEATRIZ. Aerial stem and leaf morphoanatomy of some species of Smilax. REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY, v. 23, n. 4, p. 576-584, Ago. 2013. Web of Science Citations: 4.
PIZZAIA, D.; OLIVEIRA, V. M.; MARTINS, A. R.; APPEZZATO-DA-GLORIA, B.; FORNI-MARTINS, E.; AGUIAR-PERECIN, M. L. R. Karyotype characterization reveals active 45S rDNA sites located on chromosome termini in Smilax rufescens (Smilacaceae). Genetics and Molecular Research, v. 12, n. 2, p. 1303-1310, 2013. Web of Science Citations: 1.
SILVA, JOAO MARCELO; POTSCH ANDREATA, REGINA HELENA; APPEZZATO-DA-GLORIA, BEATRIZ. Aerial organ anatomy of Smilax syphilitica (Smilacaceae). Revista de Biología Tropical, v. 60, n. 3, p. 1137-1148, SEP 2012. Web of Science Citations: 1.
MARTINS, ALINE REDONDO; SOARES, ANIELCA NASCIMENTO; BOMBO, ALINE BERTOLOSI; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA; DA LUZ COELHO NOVEMBRE, ANA DIONISIA; DA GLORIA, BEATRIZ APPEZZATO. Germination and seedling morphology of four South American Smilax (Smilacaceae). Revista de Biología Tropical, v. 60, n. 1, p. 495-504, MAR 2012. Web of Science Citations: 2.
MARTINS, ALINE REDONDO; CARMELLO-GUERREIRO, SANDRA MARIA; BUCKERIDGE, MARCOS SILVEIRA; SILVA, CLOVIS OLIVEIRA; APPEZZATO-DA-GLORIA, BEATRIZ. Seed ontogeny and endosperm chemical analysis in Smilax polyantha (Smilacaceae). Australian Journal of Botany, v. 60, n. 8, p. 693-699, 2012. Web of Science Citations: 3.
MARTINS, ALINE REDONDO; PUETZ, NORBERT; DA LUZ COELHO NOVEMBRE, ANA DIONISIA; DE STEFANO PIEDADE, SONIA MARIA; DA GLORIA, BEATRIZ APPEZZATO. Seed germination and seedling morphology of Smilax polyantha (Smilacaceae). Biota Neotropica, v. 11, n. 2, p. 31-37, Jun. 2011. Web of Science Citations: 5.
MARTINS, ALINE REDONDO; PUETZ, NORBERT; SOARES, ANIELCA NASCIMENTO; BOMBO, ALINE BERTOLOSI; DA GLORIA, BEATRIZ APPEZZATO. New approaches to underground systems in Brazilian Smilax species (Smilacaceae). JOURNAL OF THE TORREY BOTANICAL SOCIETY, v. 137, n. 2-3, p. 220-235, APR-SEP 2010. Web of Science Citations: 5.

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