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Effects of the forest fragmentation in the State of São Paulo and other regions of the South and Southeast of the country in the functioning of populations of fig trees and in the fig-wasp mutualism of figs


Fig trees are a key resource for the functioning of tropical forests, since they provide food for fig-eating animals in periods of shortage of fruits from other species. In addition, they play an important role in the regeneration and recomposition of vegetal communities, attracting fig-eating animals, dispersers in turn of other vegetal species. In the face of the intense process of fragmentation suffered in the State of São Paulo and in other regions of the country, this Project has the aim of understanding the functioning and evaluating the sensitivity of Ficus populations to the fragmentation of the habitat, investigating the following questions: (1) Do the diversity and wealth of species of wasp associated with the Ficus species vary according to the level of fragmentation and disturbance of the habitat? (2) If present, is this variation an indication that the populations of Ficus are close to critical size? (3) Is there a limitation of pollen in the small or very degraded fragments? (4) Is the level of parasitism by non-pollinating wasps greater in small or very degraded fragments? For this purpose, samples of figs close to the emergence of the wasps will be collected in plants of the species of Ficus found in forest fragments of different sizes. The seeds, the pollinating wasps (pollen vectors) and the non-pollinating wasps (parasites of the mutualism) produced by the fig will be quantified to evaluate the relationship of these reproductive components with the size and level of degradation of the forest fragments studied. (AU)

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Scientific publications (18)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CRUAUD, ASTRID; JABBOUR-ZAHAB, ROULA; GENSON, GWENAELLE; COULOUX, ARNAUD; YAN-QIONG, PENG; RONG, YANG DA; UBAIDILLAH, ROSICHON; SANTINELO PEREIRA, RODRIGO AUGUSTO; KJELLBERG, FINN; VAN NOORT, SIMON; et al. Out of Australia and back again: the world-wide historical biogeography of non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Sycophaginae). Journal of Biogeography, v. 38, n. 2, p. 209-225, . (04/10299-4)
NAZARENO, ALISON GONCALVES; SANTINELO PEREIRA, RODRIGO AUGUSTO; FERES, JULIANA MASSIMINO; MESTRINER, MOACYR ANTONIO; ALZATE-MARIN, ANA LILIA. Transferability and characterization of microsatellite markers in two Neotropical Ficus species. GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, v. 32, n. 3, p. 568-571, . (04/10299-4)
PALMIERI, LUCIANO; FARACHE, FERNANDO H. A.; PEREIRA, RODRIGO A. S.; HANSSON, CHRISTER. Novos registros de Paracrias Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) como parasitoides de larvas do gorgulho (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) no Brasil, com a descrição de uma nova espécie. IHERINGIA SERIE ZOOLOGIA, v. 103, n. 3, p. 313-317, . (04/10299-4)
NAZARENO, ALISON G.; ALZATE-MARIN, ANA L.; PEREIRA, RODRIGO AUGUSTO S.. Dioecy, more than monoecy, affects plant spatial genetic structure: the case study of Ficus. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, v. 3, n. 10, p. 3495-3508, . (04/10299-4)
JANSEN-GONZALEZ, SERGIO; TEIXEIRA, SIMONE DE PADUA; SANTINELO PEREIRA, RODRIGO A.. Mutualism from the inside: coordinated development of plant and insect in an active pollinating fig wasp. ARTHROPOD-PLANT INTERACTIONS, v. 6, n. 4, p. 601-609, . (09/10273-9, 04/10299-4)
DUNN, DEREK W.; JANSEN-GONZALEZ, SERGIO; COOK, JAMES M.; YU, DOUGLAS W.; PEREIRA, RODRIGO A. S.. Measuring the discrepancy between fecundity and lifetime reproductive success in a pollinating fig wasp. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, v. 140, n. 3, p. 218-225, . (04/10299-4)
JANSEN-GONZALEZ, SERGIO; TEIXEIRA, SIMONE DE PADUA; KJELLBERG, FINN; SANTINELO PEREIRA, RODRIGO A.. Same but different: Larval development and gall-inducing process of a non-pollinating fig wasp compared to that of pollinating fig-wasps. ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, v. 57, n. SI, p. 44-50, . (09/10273-9, 04/10299-4)
SEGAR, SIMON T.; PEREIRA, RODRIGO A. S.; COMPTON, STEVE G.; COOK, JAMES M.. Convergent structure of multitrophic communities over three continents. ECOLOGY LETTERS, v. 16, n. 12, p. 1436-1445, . (04/10299-4)
ELIAS, LARISSA G.; TEIXEIRA, SIMONE P.; KJELLBERG, FINN; SANTINELO PEREIRA, RODRIGO AUGUSTO. Diversification in the use of resources by Idarnes species: bypassing functional constraints in the fig-fig wasp interaction. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 106, n. 1, p. 114-122, . (04/10299-4)
ELIAS‚ LG; MENEZES JR‚ AO; PEREIRA‚ RAS. Colonization sequence of non-pollinating fig wasps associated with Ficus citrifolia in Brazil. SYMBIOSIS, v. 45, n. 1-3, p. 107-111, . (04/10299-4)
FARACHE, F. H. A.; CRUAUD, A.; RASPLUS, J-Y; CEREZINI, M. T.; RATTIS, L.; KJELLBERG, F.; PEREIRA, R. A. S.. Insights into the structure of plant-insect communities: Specialism and generalism in a regional set of non-pollinating fig wasp communities. ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, v. 90, n. SI, p. 49-59, . (07/06054-4, 11/21485-7, 04/10299-4, 15/06430-2, 08/03272-3, 15/25417-7)
PALMIERI, LUCIANO; SANTINELO PEREIRA, RODRIGO AUGUSTO. The role of non-fig-wasp insects on fig tree biology, with a proposal of the F phase (Fallen figs). ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, v. 90, n. SI, p. 132-139, . (04/10299-4, 15/04534-5, 12/23543-7)
CRUAUD, ASTRID; JABBOUR-ZAHAB, ROULA; GENSON, GWENAELLE; KJELLBERG, FINN; KOBMOO, NOPPOL; VAN NOORT, SIMON; DA-RONG, YANG; YAN-QIONG, PENG; UBAIDILLAH, ROSICHON; HANSON, PAUL E.; et al. Phylogeny and evolution of life-history strategies in the Sycophaginae non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). BMC Evolutionary Biology, v. 11, . (04/10299-4, 07/06054-4)
FARACHE, FERNANDO H. A.; CRUAUD, ASTRID; GENSON, GWENAELLE; PEREIRA, RODRIGO A. S.; RASPLUS, JEAN-YUVES. Taxonomic revision and molecular phylogeny of the fig wasp genus Anidarnes Boucek, 1993 (Hymenoptera: Sycophaginae). Systematic Entomology, v. 38, n. 1, p. 14-34, . (04/10299-4, 07/06054-4)
FARACHE, FERNANDO H. A.; DO O, VANESSA T.; PEREIRA, RODRIGO A. S.. Nova ocorrência de vespas não-polinizadoras (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) em sicônios de Ficus microcarpa no Brasil. Neotropical Entomology, v. 38, n. 5, p. 683-685, . (04/10299-4)
DUNN, DEREK W.; JANDER, K. CHARLOTTE; LAMAS, ANAYRA G.; PEREIRA, RODRIGO A. S.. Mortal combat and competition for oviposition sites in female pollinating fig wasps. BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY, v. 26, n. 1, p. 262-268, . (04/10299-4)
MELLO COELHO, LUIS FRANCISCO; RIBEIRO, MILTON CEZAR; SANTINELO PEREIRA, RODRIGO AUGUSTO. Water availability determines the richness and density of fig trees within Brazilian semideciduous forest landscapes. ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, v. 57, n. SI, p. 109-116, . (04/10299-4)

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