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Redescription of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) lutzii, and Resurrection of An. guarani From Synonymy with An. lutzii (Diptera: Culicidae)

Abstract

Anopheles lutzii Cruz is redescribed employing specimens collected in Pariquera-Açu, Vale do Ribeira, State of São Paulo, southeastern Mata Atlântica, Brazil. Specimens of An. lutzii from Vale do Ribeira and two females from Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro are compared with 3 syntypes of An. lutzii, deposited in the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro. Comparisons of external morphology of specimens from the type locality of Anopheles guarani Shannon demonstrate it is a valid species, and that Anopheles niger Theobald is conspecific with An. guarani stat. rev.. The adult male, male terminalia, fourth-instar larva and pupa of An. guarani stat. rev. are described for the first time. Diagnostic characters of the male and female, male terminalia, fourth-instar larva and pupa of An. lutzii and An. guarani stat. rev. are illustrated. An. guarani stat. rev. is herein resurrected from the synonymy with An. lutzii, and An. niger comb. nov. is transferred from the synonymy with An. lutzii to the synonymy of An. guarani stat. rev.. (AU)