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Biodiversity and connectivity of benthic communities in organic-rich habitats in the deep SW Atlantic - BioSuOr

Grant number: 11/50185-1
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: August 01, 2011 - July 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Paulo Yukio Gomes Sumida
Grantee:Paulo Yukio Gomes Sumida
Home Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated grant(s):17/04098-6 - Multi-user equipment approved in grant 11/50185-1: stereomicroscope Leica M205C, AP.EMU
13/50198-1 - Locating vulnerable deep-sea ecosystems on the Brazilian shelf: maximising research potential, AP.BTA.R
Associated scholarship(s):16/12365-1 - Biodiversity, connectivity and evolutionary history of specialist polychaetes in organic islands (whale falls) in the deep SW Atlantic, BP.PD
16/02011-8 - Bathymodiolinae (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Mytilidae) from the Southeastern Brazilian deep sea: taxonomy and anatomy, BP.IC

Abstract

The BIOTA/FAPESP program is an effort that has been mapping the biological diversity of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in the State of Sao Paulo with extreme success. In marine areas, this effort has historically been concentrated in coastal ecosystems, leaving the deep ocean biota habitat - one of the largest global repositories of species - largely unknown. Evidence shows that organic islands contribute significantly to deep benthic biodiversity, with highly specialized life histories. However, there is a large gap on the large scale patterns of biodiversity, biogeography and connectivity of the populations that exploit these islands, as well as on the relationships between diversity and ecosystem function. The present proposal aims to study the biota associated with organic-rich islands in the deep-sea (whale bones and wood parcels) in the SE Brazilian margin, in areas under whale migratory routes and historical proximity to large continental forests. In order to address these questions, we will use an advanced experimental design through the implantation of whale bones and wood parcels using low-cost autonomous vehicles (landers) at depths of 1500 and 3000 m along the Brazilian continental margin for 15 months, allowing the colonization of substrates by specialized micro- and macroorganisms. Ecological, molecular and genetic analyses of whale bone and wood associated macro- and microfauna will be used to address regional and bathymetric patterns of benthic biota, the connectivity between populations of specialists in the Southwest Atlantic and also their trophic and ecosystem function in the degradation of organic substrates in the deep SW Atlantic. Interbasin comparison of biodiversity and functioning of these islands (SW Atlantic vs. NE Pacific) will be achieved through an international collaboration project, which will be jointly submitted to the National Science Foundation by Dr. Craig R. Smith of the University of Hawaii. This is a highly innovative scientific proposal in Brazil, with national and international partners of high scientific level, and will use a pioneer low-cost methodology in deep sea ecosystems, which are areas of difficult access with the resources previously available for institutions in Sao Paulo and Brazil, but that should be facilitated by investments made by FAPESP and IOUSP, with the recent purchase of a new oceanographic vessel and a research boat. (AU)

Articles published in Revista Pesquisa FAPESP about the project
Creatures from the deep 

Scientific publications (11)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; CARRERETTE, ORLEMIR; ALFARO-LUCAS, JOAN MANEL; RIZZO, ALEXANDRA ELAINE; HALANYCH, KENNETH M.; GOMES SUMIDA, PAULO YUKIO. Diversity, Distribution and Phylogeny of Hesionidae (Annelida) Colonizing Whale Falls: New Species of Sirsoe and Connections Between Ocean Basins. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, v. 6, AUG 8 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SAEEDI, HANIEH; BERNARDINO, ANGELO F.; SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; FALCHETTO, GIULIA; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G. Macrofaunal community structure and biodiversity patterns based on a wood-fall experiment in the deep South-west Atlantic. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS, v. 145, p. 73-82, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
FUJIWARA, YOSHIHIRO; JIMI, NAOTO; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G.; KAWATO, MASARU; KITAZATO, HIROSHI. New species of bone-eating worm Osedax from the abyssal South Atlantic Ocean (Annelida, Siboglinidae). ZOOKEYS, n. 814, p. 53-69, JAN 8 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BARROSO, ROMULO; KUDENOV, JERRY D.; HALANYCH, KENNETH M.; SAEEDI, HANIEH; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G.; BERNARDINO, ANGELO F. A new species of xylophylic fireworm (Annelida: Amphinomidae: Cryptonome) from deep-sea wood falls in the SW Atlantic. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS, v. 137, p. 66-75, JUL 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
ALFARO-LUCAS, JOAN M.; SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; OGATA, V, ISABELLA; FUJIWARA, YOSHIHIRO; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G. Trophic structure and chemosynthesis contributions to heterotrophic fauna inhabiting an abyssal whale carcass. MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES, v. 596, p. 1-12, MAY 28 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
ALFARO-LUCAS, JOAN M.; SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; FERREIRA, GIULIA D.; KITAZATO, HIROSHI; FUJIWARA, YOSHIHIRO; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G. Bone-eating Osedax worms (Annelida: Siboglinidae) regulate biodiversity of deep-sea whale-fall communities. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, v. 146, n. SI, p. 4-12, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
FUJIKURA, KATSUNORI; YAMANAKA, TOSHIRO; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G.; BERNARDINO, ANGELO F.; PEREIRA, OLIVIA S.; KANEHARA, TOSHIYUKI; NAGANO, YURIKO; NAKAYAMA, CRISTINA R.; NOBREGA, II, MARCOS; PELLIZARI, VIVIAN H.; SHIGENO, SHUICHI; YOSHIDA, TAKAO; ZHANG, JING; KITAZATO, HIROSHI. Discovery of asphalt seeps in the deep Southwest Atlantic off Brazil. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, v. 146, n. SI, p. 35-44, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 6.
SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; SANTOS, CINTHYA S. G.; ALFARO-LUCAS, JOAN M.; FUJIWARA, YOSHIHIRO; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G. A new eyeless species of Neanthes (Annelida: Nereididae) associated with a whale-fall community from the deep Southwest Atlantic Ocean. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, v. 146, n. SI, p. 27-34, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; RIZZO, ALEXANDRA E.; ALFARO-LUCAS, JOAN M.; FUJIWARA, YOSHIHIRO; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G. Sphaerodoropsis kitazatoi, a new species and the first record of Sphaerodoridae (Annelida: Phyllodocida) in SW Atlantic abyssal sediments around a whale carcass. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, v. 146, n. SI, p. 18-26, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G.; ALFARO-LUCAS, JOAN M.; SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; KITAZATO, HIROSHI; PEREZ, JOSE A. A.; SOARES-GOMES, ABILIO; TOYOFUKU, TAKASHI; LIMA, ANDRE O. S.; ARA, KOICHI; FUJIWARA, YOSHIHIRO. Deep-sea whale fall fauna from the Atlantic resembles that of the Pacific Ocean. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 6, FEB 24 2016. Web of Science Citations: 20.
SILVA, CAMILA F.; SHIMABUKURO, MAURICIO; ALFARO-LUCAS, JOAN M.; FUJIWARA, YOSHIHIRO; SUMIDA, PAULO Y. G.; AMARAL, ANTONIA C. Z. A new Capitella polychaete worm (Annelida: Capitellidae) living inside whale bones in the abyssal South Atlantic. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS, v. 108, p. 23-31, FEB 2016. Web of Science Citations: 10.

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