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Origin and evolution of snakes and their diversification in the Neotropics: a multidisciplinary approach

Grant number: 11/50206-9
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: December 01, 2011 - November 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology
Principal researcher:Hussam El Dine Zaher
Grantee:Hussam El Dine Zaher
Home Institution: Museu de Zoologia (MZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Erika Hingst-Zaher ; Marcio Roberto Costa Martins ; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya
Associated grant(s):14/02805-9 - Anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of a new theropod dinosaur from the early Cretaceous of Brazil and the diversification of abelisaurid dinosaurs in the early Cretaceous of Gondwana, AV.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):15/05047-0 - Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the genus Apostolepis Cope, 1862 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae, Elapomorphini), BP.DR
14/14364-7 - Embryonic development of the venom-delivery system in snakes: a morphological and molecular approach with emphasis on its secondary loss or reduction, BP.PD
14/11855-0 - Ecology and natural history of snakes of Atlantic Forest at Sete Barras, south of São Paulo, BP.MS
+ associated scholarships 14/01733-4 - Morphological description and phylogeny of a lizard (Reptilia, Squamata) from the lower Miocene, Chichínales formation, General Roca, Rio Negro province, Argentina, BP.MS
13/04170-8 - Historical biogeography of the snakes from open landscapes in South America, BP.PD
12/24755-8 - Phylogenetic analysis and evolution of head forms of Amphisbaenia (Reptilia, Squamata), BP.DR
12/15273-0 - Evolutionary biology and conservation of vipers, BE.PQ
12/19858-2 - Conservation biogeography of Brazilian snakes, BP.PD
12/13327-5 - Phylogeny of the tribe Tachymenini Bailey, 1967 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae), BP.DR
12/11997-3 - Taxonomic revision of the tribe Dipsadini (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Dipsadinae), BP.DR
12/12587-3 - Feeding behavior and mechanisms in goo-eaters snakes (Dipsadidae: Dipsadinae), and its infralabial gland secretion characterization., BP.PD
12/09156-0 - Phylogenetic systematics, biogeography and taxonomic review of the Bothrops jararaca (Serpentes, Viperidae) group, BP.PD - associated scholarships


We aim to describe phylogenetic, biogeographic and ecological patterns of snakes while focusing mainly on the Neotropical fauna. Further, we will explore the evolutionary processes involved in the origin of these patterns. We will use a multidisciplinary approach to investigate the evolution of the species throughout a time interval that extends from the Cretaceous to the Recent. The project will synthesize several distinct and complimentary approaches including that will encompass palaeontology, molecular biology, biogeography, comparative ecology, geometrical morphometries, comparative anatomy and embryology. To assess the origin of snakes we will use a total evidence approach (Kluge, 1989) to infer their initial diversification. This will involve a study of key fossils that represent critical groups, such as the Pachyophiidae, Madtsoidae and North American "boo ids" and their affinities with extant groups. This analysis will be extended to the Colubroides, the most speciose group of extant snakes. For this group, we will produce a phylogeny that encompasses most species in the Neotropical irradiation of the Dipsadidae, which represents one of the most speciose lineages within the Colubroides. The phylogenies of the main groups, involving fossils and present forms, and the Colubroides and Neotropical Dipsadidae will provide the historical framework required for ecological and biogeographical studies. Finally, the origin, evolution and biology of snakes provide fascinating, high-profile topics for scientific knowledge and the dissemination of educational material. In terms of educational materials, we will prepare two main products: a series of short films introducing, explaining and exploring the most intriguing features of the evolution and biology of snakes, and books and related material to be used by teachers in primary and secondary schools. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Cómo llegaron las serpientes al archipiélago de Galápagos 
How snakes arrived in the Galápagos 
Snakes in a bind 
Serpientes acorraladas 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
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Scientific publications (62)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FRANCA, DANIELLA P. F.; BARBO, FAUSTO E.; SILVA-JUNIOR, NELSON J.; SILVA, HELDER L. R.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A new species of Apostolepis (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Elapomorphini) from the Cerrado of Central Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 4521, n. 4, p. 539-552, . (15/05047-0, 11/50206-9)
DAL VECHIO, FRANCISCO; PRATES, IVAN; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; ZAHER, HUSSAM; RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAUT. Phylogeography and historical demography of the arboreal pit viper Bothrops bilineatus (Serpentes, Crotalinae) reveal multiple connections between Amazonian and Atlantic rain forests. Journal of Biogeography, v. 45, n. 10, p. 2415-2426, . (11/50206-9, 03/10335-8, 11/50146-6)
GUEDES, THAIS B.; BARBO, FAUSTO E.; FRANCA, DANIELLA; ZAHER, HUSSAM. Morphological variation of the rare psammophilous species Apostolepis gaboi (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Elapomorphini). Zootaxa, v. 4418, n. 5, p. 469-480, . (15/05047-0, 13/04170-8, 14/18837-7, 11/50206-9)
GUEDES, THAIS B.; SAWAYA, RICARDO J.; ZIZKA, ALEXANDER; LAFFAN, SHAWN; FAURBY, SOREN; PYRON, R. ALEXANDER; BERNILS, RENATO S.; JANSEN, MARTIN; PASSOS, PAULO; PRUDENTE, ANA L. C.; et al. Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, v. 27, n. 1, p. 14-21, . (13/04170-8, 11/50206-9, 14/23677-9, 15/20215-7, 14/18837-7)
ESQUERRE, DAMIEN; DONNELLAN, STEPHEN; BRENNAN, IAN G.; LEMMON, ALAN R.; LEMMON, EMILY MORIARTY; ZAHER, HUSSAM; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; KEOGH, J. SCOTT. Phylogenomics, Biogeography, and Morphometrics Reveal Rapid Phenotypic Evolution in Pythons After Crossing Wallace's Line. Systematic Biology, v. 69, n. 6, p. 1039-1051, . (11/50206-9)
SILVA, FERNANDA MAGALHAES; DA COSTA PRUDENTE, ANA LUCIA; MACHADO, FABIO ANDRADE; SANTOS, MARINA MEIRELES; ZAHER, HUSSAM; HINGST-ZAHER, ERIKA. Aquatic adaptations in a Neotropical coral snake: A study of morphological convergence. JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGICAL SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH, v. 56, n. 3, p. 382-394, . (11/21674-4, 16/50127-5, 11/50206-9)
DE SA, RAFAEL; TONINI, JOAO; VAN HUSS, HANNAH; LONG, ALEX; CUDDY, TRAVIS; FORLANI, MAURICIO; PELOSO, PEDRO; ZAHER, HUSSAM; HADDAD, CELIO. Multiple connections between Amazonia and Atlantic Forest shaped the phylogenetic and morphological diversity of Chiasmocleis Mehely, 1904 (Anura: Microhylidae: Gastrophryninae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, v. 130, p. 198-210, . (11/50206-9, 13/50741-7)
BARBO, FAUSTO E.; GASPARINI, JOAO LUIZ; ALMEIDA, ANTONIO P.; ZAHER, HUSSAM; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; GUSMAO, RODRIGO B.; FERRARINI, JOSE MARIO G.; SAWAYA, RICARDO J.. Another new and threatened species of lancehead genus Bothrops (Serpentes, Viperidae) from Ilha dos Franceses, Southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 4097, n. 4, p. 511-529, . (11/50206-9, 12/09156-0)
NOBREGA, ROMULO PANTOJA; MONTINGELLI, GIOVANNA GONDIM; TREVINE, VIVIAN; FRANCO, FRANCISCO LUIS; VIEIRA, GUSTAVO H. C.; COSTA, GABRIEL C.; MESQUITA, DANIEL OLIVEIRA. Morphological variation within Thamnodynastes pallidus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Xenodontinae: Tachymenini). HERPETOLOGICAL JOURNAL, v. 26, n. 2, p. 165-174, . (11/50206-9, 12/13327-5)
PIRES, MATHEUS GODOY; DA SILVA, JR., NELSON JORGE; FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; DA COSTA PRUDENTE, ANA LUCIA; PEREIRA FILHO, GENTIL ALVES; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A new species of triadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus Wagler, 1824 (Serpentes: Elapidae) from northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 3811, n. 4, p. 569-584, . (11/50206-9, 12/19753-6)
FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; DA SILVA, JR., NELSON JORGE; PIRES, MATHEUS GODOY; ZAHER, HUSSAM; DA COSTA PRUDENTE, ANA LUCIA. A new species of monadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) from western Amazon. Zootaxa, v. 3974, n. 4, p. 538-554, . (11/50206-9)
DE OLIVEIRA, LEONARDO; GUERRA-FUENTES, RICARDO ARTURO; ZAHER, HUSSAM. Embryological evidence of a new type of seromucous labial gland in neotropical snail-eating snakes of the genus Sibynornorphus. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER, v. 266, p. 89-94, . (14/14364-7, 11/50206-9)
DAL VECHIO, FRANCISCO; TEIXEIRA, JR., MAURO; RECODER, RENATO SOUSA; RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAULT; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A herpetofauna do Parque Nacional da Serra das Confusões, Piauí, Brasil, com uma lista regional para uma área ecotonal entre o Cerrado e a Caatinga. Biota Neotropica, v. 16, n. 3, . (11/50206-9)
STENDER-OLIVEIRA, FERNANDA; MARTINS, MARCIO; MARQUES, OTAVIO A. V.. Food Habits and Reproductive Biology of Tail-Luring Snakes of the Genus Tropidodryas (Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae) from Brazil. Herpetologica, v. 72, n. 1, p. 73-79, . (11/50206-9)
GUEDES, THAIS B.; SAWAYA, RICARDO J.; NOGUEIRA, CRISTIANO DE C.. Biogeography, vicariance and conservation of snakes of the neglected and endangered Caatinga region, north-eastern Brazil. Journal of Biogeography, v. 41, n. 5, p. 919-931, . (13/04170-8, 11/50206-9, 12/19858-2)
ZAHER, HUSSAM; DE OLIVEIRA, LEONARDO; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; CAMPAGNER, MICHELLE; JARED, CARLOS; ANTONIAZZI, MARTA M.; PRUDENTE, ANA L.. Consuming viscous prey: a novel protein-secreting delivery system in neotropical snail-eating snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology, v. 14, . (11/50206-9, 12/12587-3)
BIRSKIS-BARROS, IRINA; ALENCAR, LAURA R. V.; PRADO, PAULO I.; BOHM, MONIKA; MARTINS, MARCIO. Ecological and Conservation Correlates of Rarity in New World Pitvipers. DIVERSITY-BASEL, v. 11, n. 9, . (12/22197-8, 18/14091-1, 16/14292-1, 15/21259-8, 12/02038-2, 11/50206-9, 12/15398-7)
KLACZKO, JULIA; MONTINGELLI, GIOVANNA G.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A combined morphological and molecular phylogeny of the genus ChironiusFitzinger, 1826 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 171, n. 3, p. 656-667, . (02/13602-4, 11/50206-9, 11/17070-6)
FORLANI, MAURICIO C.; TONINI, JOAO F. R.; CRUZ, CARLOS A. G.; ZAHER, HUSSAM; DE SA, RAFAEL O.. Molecular and morphological data reveal three new cryptic species of Chiasmocleis (Mehely1904) (Anura, Microhylidae) endemic to the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. PeerJ, v. 5, . (11/50206-9)
DOS SANTOS, MARINA MEIRELES; DA SILVA, FERNANDA MAGALHAES; HINGST-ZAHER, ERIKA; MACHADO, FABIO ANDRADE; ZAHER, HUSSAM EL DINE; DA COSTA PRUDENTE, ANA LUCIA. Cranial adaptations for feeding on snails in species of Sibynomorphus (Dipsadidae: Dipsadinae). ZOOLOGY, v. 120, p. 24-30, . (11/50206-9, 11/21674-4)
ZAHER, HUSSAM; POL, DIEGO; NAVARRO, BRUNO A.; DELCOURT, RAFAEL; CARVALHO, ALBERTO B.. An Early Cretaceous theropod dinosaur from Brazil sheds light on the cranial evolution of the Abelisauridae. COMPTES RENDUS PALEVOL, v. 19, n. 6, p. 101-115, . (11/50206-9, 14/02805-9, 02/13602-4)
TREVINE, VIVIAN C.; CAICEDO-PORTILLA, JOSE RANCES; HOOGMOED, MARINUS; THOMAS, ROBERT A.; FRANCO, FRANCISCO L.; MONTINGELLI, GIOVANNA G.; OSORNO-MUNOZ, MARIELA; ZAHER, HUSSAM. new species of Thamnodynastes Wagler, 1830 from western Amazonia, with notes on morphology for members of the Thamnodynastes pallidus group (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Tachymenini. Zootaxa, v. 4952, n. 2, p. 235-256, . (11/50206-9, 15/08318-5, 12/13327-5)
JUAN CAMILO ARREDONDO; FELIPE G. GRAZZIOTIN; GUSTAVO J. SCROCCHI; MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES; SANDRO LUÍS BONATTO; HUSSAM ZAHER. Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Philodryadini Cope, 1886 (Dipsadidae: Xenodontinae): Rediscovering the diversity of the South American Racers. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), v. 60, . (11/50206-9, 16/50127-5, 03/10335-8, 11/50146-6)
RIVERA, DANIELLE; PRATES, IVAN; FIRNENO, JR., THOMAS J.; RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAUT; CALDWELL, JANALEE P.; FUJITA, MATTHEW K.. hylogenomics, introgression, and demographic history of South American true toads (Rhinella. Molecular Ecology, v. 31, n. 3, . (13/50297-0, 12/15754-8, 03/10335-8, 17/08357-6, 11/50206-9, 11/50146-6)
FIORILLO, BRUNO F.; DA SILVA, BRUNO R.; MENEZES, FREDERICO ALCANTARA; MARQUES, V, OTAVIO A.; MARTINS, MARCIO. Composition and Natural History of Snakes from Eta Farm region, Sete Barras, south-eastern Brazil. ZOOKEYS, n. 931, p. 115-153, . (14/23267-5, 11/50206-9, 14/11855-0)
PIATTI, LILIANA; ROSAUER, DAN F.; NOGUEIRA, CRISTIANO DE C.; STRUSSMANN, CHRISTINE; FERREIRA, VANDA LUCIA; MARTINS, MARCIO. Snake diversity in floodplains of central South America: Is flood pulse the principal driver?. ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, v. 97, p. 34-41, . (11/50206-9, 12/19858-2)
GLAUDAS, XAVIER; GLENNON, KELSEY L.; MARTINS, MARCIO; LUISELLI, LUCA; FEARN, SIMON; TREMBATH, DANE F.; JELIC, DUSAN; ALEXANDER, GRAHAM J.. Foraging mode, relative prey size and diet breadth: A phylogenetically explicit analysis of snake feeding ecology. Journal of Animal Ecology, v. 88, n. 5, p. 757-767, . (11/50206-9)
MASON, ANDREW J.; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; ZAHER, HUSSAM; LEMMON, ALAN R.; LEMMON, EMILY MORIARTY; PARKINSON, CHRISTOPHER L.. Reticulate evolution in nuclear Middle America causes discordance in the phylogeny of palm-pitvipers (Viperidae: Bothriechis). Journal of Biogeography, v. 46, n. 5, p. 833-844, . (16/50127-5, 11/50206-9)
BRUNO FERRETO FIORILLO; CAROLINA SCONFIENZA FARIA; BRUNO ROCHA SILVA; MARCIO MARTINS. Anuros de áreas preservadas e perturbadas de Mata Atlântica na região da Fazenda Etá, município de Sete Barras, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, v. 18, n. 4, . (14/11855-0, 14/23267-5, 11/50206-9)
SANTOS, MARCUS THADEU T.; DE MAGALHAES, RAFAEL F.; LYRA, MARIANA L.; SANTOS, FABRICIO R.; ZAHER, HUSSAM; GIASSON, LUIS O. M.; GARCIA, PAULO C. A.; CARNAVAL, ANA CAROLINA; HADDAD, CELIO F. B.. Multilocus phylogeny of Paratelmatobiinae (Anura: Leptodactylidae) reveals strong spatial structure and previously unknown diversity in the Atlantic Forest hotspot. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, v. 148, . (17/26162-8, 13/50741-7, 11/50206-9, 14/50342-8, 13/50297-0)
AZEVEDO, JOSUE A. R.; GUEDES, THAIS B.; NOGUEIRA, CRISTIANO DE C.; PASSOS, PAULO; SAWAYA, RICARDO J.; PRUDENTE, ANA L. C.; BARBO, FAUSTO E.; STRUSSMANN, CHRISTINE; FRANCO, FRANCISCO L.; ARZAMENDIA, VANESA; et al. Museums and cradles of diversity are geographically coincident for narrowly distributed Neotropical snakes. ECOGRAPHY, v. 43, n. 2, . (11/50206-9, 13/04170-8, 14/23677-9, 15/20215-7)
NOGUEIRA, CRISTIANO C.; ARGOLO, ANTONIO J. S.; ARZAMENDIA, VANESA; AZEVEDO, JOSUE A.; BARBO, FAUSTO E.; BERNILS, RENATO S.; BOLOCHIO, BRUNA E.; BORGES-MARTINS, MARCIO; BRASIL-GODINHO, MARCELA; BRAZ, HENRIQUE B.; et al. Atlas of Brazilian Snakes: Verified Point-Locality Maps to Mitigate the Wallacean Shortfall in a Megadiverse Snake Fauna. South American Journal of Herpetology, v. 14, n. 1, p. S1-S274, . (13/04170-8, 15/21259-8, 14/18837-7, 11/50206-9, 15/20215-7, 14/23677-9, 18/15926-0, 12/09156-0, 12/19858-2, 18/14091-1)
AVILA-PIRES, TERESA C. S.; NOGUEIRA, CRISTIANO DE C.; MARTINS, MARCIO. A new `horned' Stenocercus from the highlands of southeastern Brazil, and redescription of Stenocercus tricristatus (Reptilia: Tropiduridae). Zoologia, v. 36, . (11/50206-9, 15/20215-7)
ZAHER, HUSSAM; MURPHY, ROBERT W.; ARREDONDO, JUAN CAMILO; GRABOSKI, ROBERTA; MACHADO-FILHO, PAULO ROBERTO; MAHLOW, KRISTIN; MONTINGELLIL, GIOVANNA G.; QUADROS, ANA BOTTALLO; ORLOV, NIKOLAI L.; WILKINSON, MARK; et al. Large-scale molecular phylogeny, morphology, divergence-time estimation, and the fossil record of advanced caenophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). PLoS One, v. 14, n. 5, . (02/13602-4, 07/52144-5, 11/50206-9, 12/24755-8, 16/50127-5)
MONTINGELLI, GIOVANNA G.; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; BATTILANA, JAQUELINE; MURPHY, ROBERT W.; ZHANG, YA-PING; ZAHER, HUSSAM. Higher-level phylogenetic affinities of the Neotropical genus Mastigodryas Amaral, 1934 (Serpentes: Colubridae), species-group definition and description of a new genus for Mastigodryas bifossatus. JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGICAL SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH, v. 57, n. 2, p. 205-239, . (11/50206-9)
BURBRINK, FRANK T.; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; PYRON, R. ALEXANDER; CUNDALL, DAVID; DONNELLAN, STEVE; IRISH, FRANCES; KEOGH, J. SCOTT; KRAUS, FRED; MURPHY, ROBERT W.; NOONAN, BRICE; et al. Interrogating Genomic-Scale Data for Squamata (Lizards, Snakes, and Amphisbaenians) Shows no Support for Key Traditional Morphological Relationships. Systematic Biology, v. 69, n. 3, p. 502-520, . (11/50206-9)
GRABOSKI, ROBERTA; ARREDONDO, JUAN C.; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; DA SILVA, ARIANE A. A.; PRUDENTE, ANA L. C.; RODRIGUES, MIGUEL T.; BONATTO, SANDRO L.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. Molecular phylogeny and hemipenial diversity of South American species of Amerotyphlops (Typhlopidae, Scolecophidia). ZOOLOGICA SCRIPTA, v. 48, n. 2, p. 139-156, . (03/10335-8, 16/50127-5, 11/50206-9)
GRABOSKI, ROBERTA; PEREIRA FILHO, GENTIL ALVES; ARAUJO DA SILVA, ARIANE AUXILIADORA; DA COSTA PRUDENTE, ANA LUCIA; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A new species of Amerotyphlops from Northeastern Brazil, with comments on distribution of related species. Zootaxa, v. 3920, n. 3, p. 443-452, . (11/50206-9, 12/19753-6)
RIBEIRO, SIRIA; SANTOS-, JR., ALFREDO P.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A new species of Leposternon Wagler, 1824 (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) from northeastern Argentina. Zootaxa, v. 4034, n. 2, p. 309-324, . (11/50206-9)
STUGINSKI, DANIEL RODRIGUES; NAVAS, CARLOS ARTURO; DE BARROS, FABIO CURY; GREGO, KATHLEEN FERNANDES; MARTINS, MARCIO; DE CARVALHO, JOSE EDUARDO. The Role of Feeding Specialization on Post-Prandial Metabolic Rate in Snakes of the Genus Bothrops. ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE, v. 35, n. 4, p. 373-381, . (11/50206-9, 08/57898-0, 08/57712-4, 08/57687-0)
MARITZ, BRYAN; PENNER, JOHANNES; MARTINS, MARCIO; CRNOBRNJA-ISAILOVIC, JELKA; SPEAR, STEPHEN; ALENCAR, LAURA R. V.; SIGALA-RODRIGUEZ, JESUS; MESSENGER, KEVIN; CLARK, RULON W.; SOORAE, PRITPAL; et al. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers. Biological Conservation, v. 204, n. A, SI, p. 94-102, . (11/50206-9, 12/02038-2)
ALENCAR, LAURA R. V.; QUENTAL, TIAGO B.; GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; ALFARO, MICHAEL L.; MARTINS, MARCIO; VENZON, MERICIEN; ZAHER, HUSSAM. Diversification in vipers: Phylogenetic relationships, time of divergence and shifts in speciation rates. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, v. 105, p. 50-62, . (11/50206-9, 12/04072-3, 12/02038-2)
GUEDES, THAIS B.; NOGUEIRA, CRISTIANO; MARQUES, OTAVIO A. V.. Diversity, natural history, and geographic distribution of snakes in the Caatinga, Northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 3863, n. 1, p. 1-93, . (11/50206-9, 12/19858-2, 13/04170-8)
POL, DIEGO; NASCIMENTO, PAULO M.; CARVALHO, ALBERTO B.; RICCOMINI, CLAUDIO; PIRES-DOMINGUES, RICARDO A.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A New Notosuchian from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil and the Phylogeny of Advanced Notosuchians. PLoS One, v. 9, n. 4, . (11/50206-9)
HUSSAM ZAHER; FELIPE G. GRAZZIOTIN; ROBERTA GRABOSKI; RICARDO G. FUENTES; PAOLA SÁNCHEZ-MARTINEZ; GIOVANNA G. MONTINGELLI; YA-PING ZHANG; ROBERT W. MURPHY. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Sibynophis (Serpentes: Colubroidea). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), v. 52, n. 12, p. 141-149, . (02/13602-4, 11/50206-9)
FRANCO, FRANCISCO L.; TREVINE, VIVIAN C.; MONTINGELLI, GIOVANNA G.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. A new species of Thamnodynastes from the open areas of central and northeastern Brazil (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Tachymenini). SALAMANDRA, v. 53, n. 3, p. 339-350, . (11/50206-9, 12/13327-5)
WILSON, JEFFREY A.; POL, DIEGO; CARVALHO, ALBERTO B.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. The skull of the titanosaur Tapuiasaurus macedoi (Dinosauria: Sauropoda), a basal titanosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 178, n. 3, p. 611-662, . (11/51167-7, 11/50206-9)
ROLL, URI; FELDMAN, ANAT; NOVOSOLOV, MARIA; ALLISON, ALLEN; BAUER, AARON M.; BERNARD, RODOLPHE; BOHM, MONIKA; CASTRO-HERRERA, FERNANDO; CHIRIO, LAURENT; COLLEN, BEN; et al. The global distribution of tetrapods reveals a need for targeted reptile conservation. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, v. 1, n. 11, p. 1677-1682, . (11/50206-9, 15/20215-7, 12/19858-2)
VIEIRA DE ALENCAR, LAURA RODRIGUES; MARTINS, MARCIO; BURIN, GUSTAVO; QUENTAL, TIAGO BOSISIO. Arboreality constrains morphological evolution but not species diversification in vipers. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, v. 284, n. 1869, . (11/50206-9, 12/04072-3, 12/02038-2, 14/03621-9)
DE OLIVEIRA, LEONARDO; DA COSTA PRUDENTE, ANA LUCIA; ZAHER, HUSSAM. Unusual Labial Glands in Snakes of the Genus Geophis Wagler, 1830 ( Serpentes: Dipsadinae). Journal of Morphology, v. 275, n. 1, p. 87-99, . (11/50206-9)
TREVINE, VIVIAN; FORLANIL, MAURICIO C.; HADDAD, CELLO F. B.; ZAHER, HUSSAM. Herpetofauna of Paranapiacaba: expanding our knowledge on a historical region in the Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil. Zoologia, v. 31, n. 2, p. 126-146, . (11/50206-9, 08/50928-1)
DAMASCENO, E. M.; HINGST-ZAHER, E.; ASTUA, D.. Bite force and encephalization in the Canidae (Mammalia: Carnivora). JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, v. 290, n. 4, p. 246-254, . (11/50206-9)
SCANFERLA, AGUSTIN; ZAHER, HUSSAM; NOVAS, FERNANDO E.; DE MUIZON, CHRISTIAN; CESPEDES, RICARDO. A New Snake Skull from the Paleocene of Bolivia Sheds Light on the Evolution of Macrostomatans. PLoS One, v. 8, n. 3, . (11/50206-9)
GRAZZIOTIN, FELIPE G.; ZAHER, HUSSAM; MURPHY, ROBERT W.; SCROCCHI, GUSTAVO; BENAVIDES, MARCO A.; ZHANG, YA-PING; BONATTO, SANDRO L.. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. CLADISTICS, v. 28, n. 5, p. 437-459, . (02/13602-4, 11/50206-9)
COSTA, HENRIQUE C.; CELSA SENARIS, JOSEFA; ROJAS-RUNJAIC, FERNANDO J. M.; ZAHER, HUSSAM; GARCIA, PAULO C. A.. Redescription of the rare South American worm lizard Amphisbaena rozei (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Amphibia-Reptilia, v. 39, n. 1, p. 21-30, . (11/50206-9)
COSTA, HENRIQUE C.; VELASQUEZ, SOFIA; ZAHER, HUSSAM; GARCIA, PAULO C. A.. Updated Diagnosis of Amphisbaena metallurga and A. sanctaeritae and First Record of A. hiata in Brazil (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). South American Journal of Herpetology, v. 14, n. 3, p. 233-241, . (11/50206-9)

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