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São Paulo and the foreigners: buy, sell, eat 1870/1950


The purpose of this research project is to relate space and social processes that are happening in the city of São Paulo from the ends of the Century XIX, examining them starting from the presence and foreigners' performance that constitute, in their practices and sociability nets, the own city. We will face this, prioritizing the subjects related with alimentary practices of the foreigners, their incorporation in the local alimentary habits and the insertion of these foreigners in the commercialization places instituted in the city. The privileged, but not exclusive space choosen will be the Bexiga's neighborhood. Some subjects define the courses of the proposed investigation:Who were these residents and how they built their daily habits, their identities and how they were defining the possible uses of the area and of the city? What built sociability mix immigrants, poor people, workers of the urban service and groups from a middle class? How, despite the residents' transformations, does the image of the Italians continue permanently associated to the neighborhood? How did the construction of a place through social practices that can be shared, like the alimentation, allow us to understand about the construction of the foreigner and of the imaginary of a city that is made metropolis by the incorporation of some legacies and for the deletion of the marks of ethnic distinction? How these alimentary practices make possible to understand the articulations between the neighborhoods and the city and between the city and the origin places.We will analyze the alimentary and mercantile practices built by the foreigners in a perspective that takes as central the globalization of the markets generating new alimentary forms resultants of the contacts and cultural exchanges like the diffusion of products and alimentary practices in global scale. (AU)

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