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Railway memory (1869-1971): inventory of industrial railway heritage in the state of São Paulo

Grant number: 12/11259-2
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: September 01, 2012 - January 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Brazil
Principal Investigator:Eduardo Romero de Oliveira
Grantee:Eduardo Romero de Oliveira
Home Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rosana. Rosana , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to conduct a full inventory of industrial heritage in São Paulo railway complex. We selected five sets belonging to three railroad companies that served in the State of São Paulo between 1868 and 1971: workshops at Jundiaí and Rio Claro, property of the Companhia Paulista; Campinas, property of the Companhia Mogiana; Sorocaba e Mairinque, property of the Estrada de Ferro Sorocabana. Our proposal of research considers an inventory model on full industrial heritage that defines itself by its ability to document the evidence of tangible and intangible legacy to his knowledge, protection, conservation, distribution and activation in the service of culture, society and territory. This type of inventory not only seeks to identify the structures built, but the means of production and business management, vehicle traction and transport, skills and procedures, social and technical environment of the workspaces, the territorial dimension of railway infrastructure and symbolic context in which these activities were developed. So that this new inventory model will better understand the historical period when these railway companies have developed and how it works. This model will also reflect on the current strategies for the preservation of the active industrial heritage railway. The specifics goals are: 1. To conduct studies on theoretical principles and methodologies for heritage preservation of a general nature, 2. Further studies on tools and methods of preservation, selection (exclusion or inclusion) of the industrial heritage and, in particular, the rail 3. Historical research on the railway workshops, 4. To map and identify physical structures 5. To raise documentary material textual and cartographic 6. Outline proposals for the use and management; 7. Some application of new technologies in the preservation of industrial heritage railway. n methodological terms, a second part involves the documentary and bibliographic survey by the research team with the use of cataloging tools. In a third part of the survey will be conducted constituent terms of rail and cataloging of material contained in specific documentary corpus, held by both instrumental and historical and archival language. In the fourth part, we will carry out an inventory historical and architectural mapping of the physical structures of the workshops and the identification of the traces which they belonged. (AU)