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Obesity associated-alterations in adipose tissue: role of adenosine receptors.

Grant number: 12/13193-9
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: October 01, 2012 - September 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Biochemical and Molecular Pharmacology
Principal Investigator:Alessandra Gambero
Grantee:Alessandra Gambero
Host Institution: Universidade São Francisco (USF). Campus Bragança Paulista. Bragança Paulista , SP, Brazil


Adipose tissue macrophage infiltration and pro-inflammatory adipokine production contribute to chronic low grade inflammation observed during obesity and it initiates peripheral tissue insulin resistance. The increase in free fatty acids level due insulin resistance in adipose tissue seems to be responsible to the accumulation of free fatty acids in muscle, liver, pancreas and heart resulting in pathologies like type 2 diabetes. Adenosine levels are increased during inflammation and it can modify metabolic and inflammatory response. Adenosine receptors A1 and A2A mediate pro- and anti-inflammatory response, respectively. A2A activation results in TNF-a inhibition, an important mediator produced by adipose tissue that was a role in the establishment of insulin resistance. A1 receptor activation also mediates an anti-lipolytic response and the lipolysis inhibition controls free fatty acid release and metabolism during obesity. Adenosine also modifies adipogenesis and tissue remodeling, probably controlling adipose tissue expansion. The aim of this project is to study the adenosine receptors activation role in adipose tissue alterations during obesity focusing metabolic, morphological and inflammatory alterations. We intend use selective and unselective agonists for adenosine receptors as well as high-fat diet induced obesity model in mice and 3T3-L1/RAW macrophage cultures as in vitro obesity models. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DEOLIVEIRA, CAROLINE CANDIDA; CARIA, CINTIA RABELO E. PAIVA; FERREIRA GOTARDO, ERICA MARTINS; RIBEIRO, MARCELO LIMA; GAMBERO, ALESSANDRA. Role of A(1) and A(2A) adenosine receptor agonists in adipose tissue inflammation induced by obesity in mice. European Journal of Pharmacology, v. 799, p. 154-159, . (12/13193-9)

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