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Study of physico-chemical properties of biomass burning aerosols and the radiative forcing at the SAMBBA experiment - the South American Biomass Burning Analysis


This proposal supports the Brazilian participation in the field measurements from the SAMBBA (The South American Biomass Burning Analysis) experiment, with participation in ground and airborne measurements. Biomass burning emissions have an important role in the atmospheric radiative balance in large areas of South America. These emissions have been studied as part of the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) since the 80´s. With the recent development of new instrumentation for real time measurements it allows a much more detailed analysis of physic-chemical properties of aerosols particles. These new instrumentation allow detailed ground based measurements as well as airborne measurements such as the ones provided by the aircraft from FAAM (Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements) BAe146, from the United Kingdom, that will be used from September 1 to 30, 2012 in Amazonia as part of the SAMBBA Experiment. The BAe146 is instrumented with state of the art instruments for aerosol characterization as well as measurements of trace gases and aerosols. The SAMBBA experiment will have participation from UK-MetOffice, INPE, USP, CTA, Universities of Manchester, Leeds, and Edinburg among others. The aircraft will be based in Porto Velho, Rondonia, and will fly over large areas of Amazonia characterizing biomass burning plumes as well as regional haze at altitudes up to 12 Km. Ground based measurements will be done in Porto Velho, using a large set of instruments for real time aerosol measurements. We will use new "Aerosol Mass Spectrometer" ACSM (Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor) from Aerodyne, nephelometers for spectral aerosol light scattering, MAAP (Multiangle Aerosol Absorption Photometer) for aerosol absorption measurements, SMPS (Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer) for size distribution, among others. Also trace gas concentrations such as ozone, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide will be performed in ground based and airborne. NASA AERONET CIMEL radiometers will measure aerosol optical depth and radiation fluxes on the ground. With the large set of measurements in the aircraft and also in the ground we will have a new and unique set of properties of biomass burning aerosols and its effects on the radiation balance and ecosystem effects. We will also do a joint data analysis with our British partners (Dr. Jim Haywood, Hugh Coe, Ben Johnson and others), as well as other Brazilian partners (Karla Longo, Saulo Freitas and others from INPE) looking to a effective Brazilian participation at the SAMBBA experiment. (AU)

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Scientific publications (9)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
POPE, RICHARD J.; ARNOLD, STEPHEN R.; CHIPPERFIELD, MARTYN P.; REDDINGTON, CARLY L. S.; BUTT, EDWARD W.; KESLAKE, TIM D.; FENG, WUHU; LATTER, BARRY G.; KERRIDGE, BRIAN J.; SIDDANS, RICHARD; et al. Substantial Increases in Eastern Amazon and Cerrado Biomass Burning-Sourced Tropospheric Ozone. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 47, n. 3, . (17/17047-0, 12/14437-9)
MALAVELLE, FLORENT F.; HAYWOOD, JIM M.; MERCADO, LINA M.; FOLBERTH, GERD A.; BELLOUIN, NICOLAS; SITCH, STEPHEN; ARTAXO, PAULO. Studying the impact of biomass burning aerosol radiative and climate effects on the Amazon rainforest productivity with an Earth system model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 19, n. 2, p. 1301-1326, . (13/05014-0, 12/14437-9)
CHEN, Q.; FARMER, D. K.; RIZZO, L. V.; PAULIQUEVIS, T.; KUWATA, M.; KARL, T. G.; GUENTHER, A.; ALLAN, J. D.; COE, H.; ANDREAE, M. O.; et al. Submicron particle mass concentrations and sources in the Amazonian wet season (AMAZE-08). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 15, n. 7, p. 3687-3701, . (10/52658-1, 08/58100-2, 12/14437-9)
PACIFICO, F.; FOLBERTH, G. A.; SITCH, S.; HAYWOOD, J. M.; RIZZO, L. V.; MALAVELLE, F. F.; ARTAXO, P.. Biomass burning related ozone damage on vegetation over the Amazon forest: a model sensitivity study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 15, n. 5, p. 2791-2804, . (08/58100-2, 12/14437-9)
BARBOSA, H. M. J.; BARJA, B.; PAULIQUEVIS, T.; GOUVEIA, D. A.; ARTAXO, P.; CIRINO, G. G.; SANTOS, R. M. N.; OLIVEIRA, A. B.. A permanent Raman lidar station in the Amazon: description, characterization, and first results. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 7, n. 6, p. 1745-1762, . (09/15235-8, 12/16100-1, 12/14437-9)
ARTAXO, PAULO; RIZZO, LUCIANA V.; BRITO, JOEL F.; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; ARANA, ANDREA; SENA, ELISA T.; CIRINO, GLAUBER G.; BASTOS, WANDERLEI; MARTIN, SCOT T.; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.. Atmospheric aerosols in Amazonia and land use change: from natural biogenic to biomass burning conditions. FARADAY DISCUSSIONS, v. 165, p. 203-235, . (10/52658-1, 08/58100-2, 12/14437-9)
REDDINGTON, C. L.; BUTT, E. W.; RIDLEY, D. A.; ARTAXO, P.; MORGAN, W. T.; COE, H.; SPRACKLEN, D. V.. Air quality and human health improvements from reductions in deforestation-related fire in Brazil. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, v. 8, n. 10, p. 768+, . (13/05014-0, 12/14437-9)
ARANA, ANDREA; LOUREIRO, ANA L.; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; VAN GRIEKEN, RENE; ARTAXO, PAULO. Optimized energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis of atmospheric aerosols collected at pristine and perturbed Amazon Basin sites. X-RAY SPECTROMETRY, v. 43, n. 4, p. 228-237, . (10/52658-1, 13/05014-0, 12/14437-9)
BRITO, J.; RIZZO, L. V.; MORGAN, W. T.; COE, H.; JOHNSON, B.; HAYWOOD, J.; LONGO, K.; FREITAS, S.; ANDREAE, M. O.; ARTAXO, P.. Ground-based aerosol characterization during the South American Biomass Burning Analysis (SAMBBA) field experiment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 14, n. 22, p. 12069-12083, . (13/05014-0, 12/14437-9)

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