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Opportunities and Challenges to Family-Based Agriculture System with regard to Biofuel and Food Productions: Social, Institutional and Environmental Aspects

Grant number: 12/51045-1
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: December 01, 2012 - May 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Sociology
Principal Investigator:Celia Regina Tomiko Futemma
Grantee:Celia Regina Tomiko Futemma
Home Institution: Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Ambientais (NEPAM). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This research proposal focuses mainly on social, institutional and environmental aspects of the productive chain of oil plants for biodiesel production, which involves family-based agriculture from regions considered marginal and poor in Brazil, in this case the north region. To create an incentive to an environmentally clean and socially sound production of energy, as opposed to Pro-Álcool Program, the federal government launched a new program for biodiesel production on January 13 of 2005 - The National Program of Biodiesel Production and Use - PNPB. In addition, the federal government launched, on May of 2010, another program towards specifically to palm oil production in the Amazon region - The National Program of Sustainable Palm Oil Production (PPSPO). The biodiesel public policy in Brazil seeks to enhance small-scale agriculture because one of its main missions is the social responsibility, through creation of Certification of Social Responsibility. Thus, this study search for analyzing the performance of the biodiesel program with regard to inclusion of family-based agriculture in the productive chain of palm oil - dendê Elaeis guineensis - in the Amazon region, state of Pará. To do so, this research project aims at contributing to three main goals: (1) to assess whether the PNPB and PPSPO do promote social justice with involvement of small-scale farmers into the productive chain of biodiesel by increasing family income, securing food and improving family welfare; (2) to analyze diversity of institutional arrangements and productive systems, as well the capacity of small-scale farmers to deal with socio-environmental changes, by taking into account social capital, human capital, and know-how capital among these local farmers, and thus, evaluate their resilience capabilities; and (3) to analyze environmental positive outcomes from biodiesel production by looking at landscape and property levels. (AU)