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Cannabidiol regulation of fear memory processing and associated brain function

Grant number: 12/50896-8
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: February 01, 2013 - January 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology
Cooperation agreement: University of Birmingham ; University of Nottingham
Principal Investigator:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Grantee:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Principal investigator abroad: Carl William Stevenson
Institution abroad: University of Nottingham, University Park, England
Principal investigator abroad: Jonathan Loon Choon Lee
Institution abroad: University of Birmingham, England
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:07/03685-3 - Typical and atypical neurotransmitters in neuropsychiatric disorders, AP.TEM

Abstract

Anxiety disorders such as phobias and post-traumatic stress are common and often debilitating diseases linked to abnormally persistent memories of fearful events. Although psychological and drug therapies are available, these treatments show limited effectiveness and can cause adverse side effects, highlighting the urgent need for better therapies to treat these disorders. Cannabidiol, the main non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid present in the Cannabis sativa plant, is a drug that has shown great promise for treating anxiety disorders. We have shown that cannabidiol reduces fear in various animal models of anxiety and have recently extended these findings to show that it also reduces fear memory expression. Interestingly, cannabidiol has also been shown to enhance fear memory extinction, the process by which psychological therapy can reduce fear memory persistence. However, the pharmacological mechanisms and brain sites involved in mediating these effects remain unclear or unknown. In this multi-disciplinary project we will combine behavioral, pharmacological, electrophysiological and molecular biology techniques to determine the neurochemical and neural circuit mechanisms underlying the effects of cannabidiol on fear memory processing. Specifically, we will examine the roles of endocannabinoid transmission and prefrontal cortex-hippocampus circuit function in mediating the effects of cannabidiol on the expression and extinction of contextual fear memory in rats. Understanding the basic mechanisms underlying cannabidiol's effects on behaviour and brain function has important translational implications for its potential use in treating anxiety. (AU)

Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LEE, JONATHAN L. C.; BERTOGLIO, LEANDRO J.; GUIMARAES, FRANCISCO S.; STEVENSON, CARL W. Cannabidiol regulation of emotion and emotional memory processing: relevance for treating anxiety-related and substance abuse disorders. British Journal of Pharmacology, v. 174, n. 19, SI, p. 3242-3256, OCT 2017. Web of Science Citations: 23.
JURKUS, REGIMANTAS; DAY, HARRIET L. L.; GUIMARAES, FRANCISCO S.; LEE, JONATHAN L. C.; BERTOGLIO, LEANDRO J.; STEVENSON, CARL W. Cannabidiol Regulation of Learned Fear: Implications for Treating Anxiety-Related Disorders. FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY, v. 7, NOV 24 2016. Web of Science Citations: 11.
BATISTA, PRISCILA A.; FOGACA, MANOELA V.; GUIMARAES, FRANCISCO S. The endocannabinoid, endovanilloid and nitrergic systems could interact in the rat dorsolateral periaqueductal gray matter to control anxiety-like behaviors. Behavioural Brain Research, v. 293, p. 182-188, OCT 15 2015. Web of Science Citations: 7.
FOGACA, MANOELA V.; SONEGO, ANDREZA B.; RIOLI, VANESSA; GOZZO, FABIO C.; DALE, CAMILA S.; FERRO, EMER S.; GUIMARAES, FRANCISCO S. Anxiogenic-like effects induced by hemopressin in rats. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, v. 129, p. 7-13, FEB 2015. Web of Science Citations: 14.
FOGACA, M. V.; REIS, F. M. C. V.; CAMPOS, A. C.; GUIMARAES, F. S. Effects of intra-prelimbic prefrontal cortex injection of cannabidiol on anxiety-like behavior: Involvement of 5HT(1A) receptors and previous stressful experience. European Neuropsychopharmacology, v. 24, n. 3, p. 410-419, MAR 2014. Web of Science Citations: 48.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.
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