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Evolution of consumption patterns, economic convergence and carbon footprint of development: a comparison Brazil-France

Abstract

Transitions to "low-carbon" development paths (i.e., to development paths with limited greenhouse gases emissions) are unlikely to be achievable solely via technological solutions; behavior, notably consumption patterns, will also have to evolve. However, an assumption implicit in most GHG emissions scenarios is that as income per capita converge across countries, households consumption patterns will converge as well, leading to potentially very high demand for energy, very high demand for natural resources and very high emissions. ECOPA precisely aims at examining how flexible the link between income per capita and consumption patterns is; and at drawing implications of these findings for future emissions scenarios. To do so, ECOPA maps and compares consumption patterns, and their evolution, in France, an "old" industrialized economy, and Brazil, a rapidly emerging economy. In both countries, a combination of econometric analysis of consumption data, household surveys and in-depth studies of representative goods and services is used to (i) map consumption patterns across income groups, and (ii) explore the determinants of their changes over time. Strong emphasis is put on obtaining consistent monetary and physical flows. This is necessary to analyze the energy and emissions implications of consumption patterns, but this constitutes a significant theoretical and empirical stumbling block. Finally, on the basis of the retrospective analysis, scenarios of how household consumption patterns in the two countries might evolve are built and their implications for energy and GHG emissions are computed. (AU)

Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE OLIVEIRA, FERNANDO C.; LOPES, THIAGO S. A.; PARENTE, VIRGINIA; BERMANN, CELIO; COELHO, SUANI T. The Brazilian social fuel stamp program: Few strikes, many bloopers and stumbles. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, v. 102, p. 121-128, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
COELHO, SUANI TEIXEIRA; SANCHES-PEREIRA, ALESSANDRO; TUDESCHINI, LUIS GUSTAVO; GOLDEMBERG, JOSE. The energy transition history of fuelwood replacement for liquefied petroleum gas in Brazilian households from 1920 to 2016. ENERGY POLICY, v. 123, p. 41-52, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 10.
GROTTERA, CAROLINA; BARBIER, CARINE; SANCHES-PEREIRA, ALESSANDRO; DE ABREU, MARIANA WEISS; UCHOA, CHRISTIANE; TUDESCHINI, LUIS GUSTAVO; CAYLA, JEAN-MICHEL; NADAUD, FRANCK; PEREIRA, JR., AMARO OLIMPIO; COHEN, CLAUDE; COELHO, SUANI TEIXEIRA. Linking electricity consumption of home appliances and standard of living: A comparison between Brazilian and French households. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, v. 94, p. 877-888, OCT 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
DE OLIVEIRA, FERNANDO C.; COELHO, SUANI T. History, evolution, and environmental impact of biodiesel in Brazil: A review. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, v. 75, p. 168-179, AUG 2017. Web of Science Citations: 29.
SANCHES-PEREIRA, ALESSANDRO; TUDESCHINI, LUIS GUSTAVO; COELHO, SUANI TEIXEIRA. Evolution of the Brazilian residential carbon footprint based on direct energy consumption. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, v. 54, p. 184-201, FEB 2016. Web of Science Citations: 10.

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