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Evaluation of neonatal vitality, blood gas analisys and electrocardiography in horses Quarter Horse Breed

Abstract

Clinical evaluation of newborns as well as the definition of therapeutic conduct adopted appear as significant challenges to the veterinarian.The Apgar score to be an efficient diagnosis method in the initial evaluation of the neonate. As a means of sorting, the Apgar score adapted to veterinary medicine contributes to the identification of non-specific changes in the immediate neonatal period, as for example, depression and respiratory changes. The association of five variables studied asserts greater breadth to the clinical evaluation of newborns, making it more effective when associated with blood gas analysis. The presence of lactate in excessive levels documents the use of oxygenation of anaerobic pathways due to hypoxia that occurs during delivery. When the oxygen supply to the fetus is significantly disturbed, the oxygen deprivation in tissue develops, and acids begin to accumulate, resulting in acidemia. Although the hiperlactatemia, does not provide diagnostic information, indicates the severity of the disease and of the need for early intervention and aggressive. This work aims to describe the assessment of patterns of vitality and neonatal biochemistry in race horses quarter horse born in the first 48 hours of eutocia life, aiming to identify clinical and laboratory changes that may be established as neonatal assessment protocols in neonatal foals, guiding it in the measures to be taken when necessary early intervention and aggressive. This work aims to describe the assessment of patterns of vitality and neonatal biochemistry in race horses quarter horse born in the first 48 hours of eutocia life, aiming to identify clinical and laboratory changes that may be established as neonatal assessment protocols in neonatal foals, guiding it in the measures to be taken when necessary in life outside the womb. 20 equine neonates are evaluated through Apgar score modified in the first five and 10 minutes after birth. The evaluation of blood gas analysis, glucose, cortisol, lactate and electrocardiogram will be led in the moments immediately postpartum (M0), 3 hours (M1), 6 pm (M2), 12:0 (M3), 12:0 am (M4), 36 hours (M5) and 48 hours (M6). (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SALGUEIRO CRUZ, RAISSA KAROLLINY; ALFONSO, ANGELICA; GOMES LOURENCO, MARIA LUCIA; VELA ULIAN, CARLA MARIA; SUDANO, MATEUS JOSE; OBA, EUNICE; PADOVANI, CARLOS ROBERTO; RODRIGUES RAMOS, PAULO ROBERTO; CHIACCHIO, SIMONE BIAGIO. Electrolyte, Blood Gas and Electrocardiographic Profile of Neonatal Foals in the First 48 Hours of Life. Acta Scientiae Veterinariae, v. 43, NOV 10 2015. Web of Science Citations: 2.

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