Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

Edges and asymmetries in phonology and morphology

Grant number: 12/17869-7
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: May 01, 2013 - April 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Linguistics
Principal Investigator:Maria Filomena Spatti Sandalo
Grantee:Maria Filomena Spatti Sandalo
Home Institution: Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem (IEL). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Maria Bernadete Marques Abaurre ; Plinio Almeida Barbosa
Assoc. researchers: Andrew Ira Nevins ; Bruna Franchetto ; Jose Sueli de Magalhães ; Michael Becker ; Nina Topintzi ; Pablo Arantes
Associated scholarship(s):14/26409-5 - Valency morphology in deverbal categories: a study on asymmetries, BP.PD
13/11693-7 - The expression of recursion in Pirahã: documentation, description and analysis (Mura), BP.PD

Abstract

While symmetry has often been characterized as a central property of human language, there are a wide variety of asymmetries that emerge in prominent positions ((cf. Beckman 1999, Becker 2009, Becker et alii. 2012, Topintzi 2010). Beckman (1999) argues that in prominent positions, featural contrasts are rarely neutralized, and treats this fact with a theory of positional faithfulness couched within Optimality Theory. In this project we focus on a set of phenomena found in languages spoken in Brazil (Portuguese and indigenous languages) that present neutralization, lenition, and phonological transparency in prominent positions. This project is based on the initial hypothesis that prominent positions may prefer marked structures (Zoll 1997), which in turn may involve neutralization and lenition, and therefore are not only based on resisting neutralization. The central question of this research, therefore, explores which architectures of the grammar and its interface are best-suited to studying markedness and its positional distribution. We specifically investigate whether grammar proceeds in a serial computation (in cyclic derivations, as characterized by a Turing machine) or instead in a representational architecture. While this topic has been previously treated in grammatical theory, there is still no definitive consensus on this issue (cf. Embick 2010), and moreover, more recent proposals have even considered the possibility of a hybrid architecture (cf. Trommer 2002). We aim to treat these questions within a multidisciplinary approach, integrating the methodology of behavioral experiments, acoustic analysis, and computational modeling in concert with theoretical development. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
Technology helps trace the expansion of Indo-European languages and preserve those of indigenous people 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PLINIO A. BARBOSA; PAULA BENASSI PAPA; BRUNO ANDRADE SILVA; NATASHA MOURÃO. Harmonia vocálica e coarticulação vogal a vogal em duas variedades do português brasileiro. DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada, v. 35, n. 2, p. -, 2019.
BECKER, MICHAEL; NEVINS, ANDREW; SANDALO, FILOMENA; RIZZATO, ERICK. The Acquisition Path of [w]-final Plurals in Brazilian Portuguese. JOURNAL OF PORTUGUESE LINGUISTICS, v. 17, 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.