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Larvae diversity of Istiophoridae and Xiphiidae (Perciformes, Xiphoidei) in Southeast Brazil

Grant number: 12/18273-0
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: June 01, 2013 - May 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Fishery Resources and Fishery Engineering - Marine Fishing Resources
Principal Investigator:Alberto Ferreira de Amorim
Grantee:Alberto Ferreira de Amorim
Home Institution: Instituto de Pesca. Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios (APTA). Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento (São Paulo - Estado). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Alexandre Wagner Silva Hilsdorf

Abstract

In the Atlantic the billfish belong to the families and Istiphoridae Xiphiidae, and are commonly known as sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus), white marlin (Kajikia albida), blue marlin (Makaira nigricans), spearfish (Tetrapturus pfluegeri) roundscale spearfish (Tetrapturus georgii) and swordfish (Xiphias gladius). They are caught in commercial fishing and Brazilian sport fishery. Fish stock of K. albida and M. nigricans are over-exploited with little information about their reproductive biology in relation to the area and spawning season in the West South Atlantic. These species occupy important ecological niche in their environment using the southeastern and southern Brazil as a migratory route for feeding and reproduction. Previously, were observed with female gonads mature I. platypterus, K. albida, M. nigricans, and X. gladius, from November to March. This work intends to capture, identify and quantify larvae of these species, to determine the geographic and temporal spawning these fish in southeastern Brazil, generating additional data on the reproductive biology. Also contributing to the database Biota - FAPESP and OBIS (Ocean biogeographic Information System) and subsidizing management measures in the region. Will be made approximately 20 scientific cruises with the support of the sport fishery boats of "Iate Clube de Espírito Santo, Iate Clube do Rio de Janeiro and Yacht Club de Ilhabela", yielding approximately 80 collection points in major areas of occurrence of billfish (Espírito Santo to São Paulo), from November 2013 to February 2014. Will be performed trawl net surface ichthyoplankton. The samples will be fixed in 95% ethanol. After screening there is a selection of probable larvae and Istiophoridae Xiphiidae, based on the main taxonomic characteristics for identification. It is intended to perform the further identification of the larvae through DNA analysis at the "Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes" (Laboratório de Biologia Molecular) and "Nova Southeastern University (Oceanographic Center)" Florida, USA. Preliminarily, the fishing seasons (2011/2012 and 2012/2013) were conducted pilot samples totaling 45 points hauls, yielding 98 probable larvae K. albida (Vitória-ES), 53 probable larvae of I. platypterus (Cabo Frio-RJ and Rio de Janeiro-RJ) and six larvae of I. platypterus (Ilhabela-SP). The project also has the support of the "Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo", using scanning electron microscopy, for better identification of anatomic structures of billfish larvae. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RODRIGUES, TIAGO; SILVA HILSDORF, ALEXANDRE WAGNER; PIMENTA, EDUARDO GOMES; DE AMORIM, ALBERTO FERREIRA. OCURRENCE AND IDENTIFICATION OF ISTIOPHORIDAE LARVAE AND XIPHIIDAE EGGS OFF THE SOUTHEASTERN BRAZILIAN COAST. BOLETIM DO INSTITUTO DE PESCA, v. 43, n. 1, p. 78-86, 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SCHMIDT, BEATRIZ F.; AMORIM, ALBERTO F.; HILSDORF, ALEXANDRE W. S. PCR-RFLP analysis to identify four ray species of the genus Dasyatis (Elasmobranchii, Dasyatidae) fished along the southeastern and southern coast of Brazil. Fisheries Research, v. 167, p. 71-74, JUL 2015. Web of Science Citations: 3.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.