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Nitrogen nutrition of sugarcane with fertilizers or diazotrophic bacteria

Grant number: 08/56147-1
Support type:Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
Duration: June 01, 2009 - May 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy
Cooperation agreement: CNPq - Pronex
Principal Investigator:Heitor Cantarella
Grantee:Heitor Cantarella
Home Institution: Instituto Agronômico (IAC). Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios (APTA). Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento (São Paulo - Estado). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Adriana Parada Dias da Silveira ; Cristiano Alberto de Andrade
Associated scholarship(s):11/06108-2 - Soil gases flow and microbial activity and diversity in soil under sugarcane field, BP.DR
10/02736-6 - Methods of determination of BNF in sugar cane using delta 15N, BP.MS
10/05300-4 - Fluxes of greenhouse gases from soils with sugarcane and according nitrogen fertilization and presence of straw on soil, BP.DR

Abstract

Nitrogen is required in large quantities for biomass production. Around 23% of the fertilizer N in Brazil is used in sugarcane. Besides being the most expensive plant nutrient, N fertilizers are an important component of the environmental budget of biofuel production. It is estimated that synthesis of N fertilizer accounts for about 25% of all the fossil energy spent in field operations for ethanol production from sugarcane in Brazil. Emission of nitrous oxide, a potent green house gas associated with fertilizer use, also adds to the environmental costs of ethanol. There are evidences that biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) is responsible for supplying part of the N required by sugarcane plants because several diazotrophic microorganisms have been isolated in that crop. Besides, the amounts of N fertilizer applied to sugarcane in many cases do not replenish the N removed from the fields with the harvest or lost as part of management practices. However, old sugarcane fields generally do not show signs of soil degradation. The actual contribution of BNF to sugarcane under field conditions is controversial. Some authors have expressed their view that BNF is of little relevance for sugarcane N nutrition. However, it is generally recognized that BNF presents great potential especially in Brazil where many studies have shown promising results. BNF is affected by plant variety, bacteria species, and plant-bacteria interactions. An inoculant produced with five strains of N2-fixing diazotrophs was recently developed by Embrapa but it has not been extensively tested under field conditions. This project has the objective of studying the contribution of BNF to sugarcane production compared with the use of synthetic N fertilizer under different soils, environments, and sugarcane cultivars, evaluating the emission of N2O from sugarcane fields fertilized with N, and testing an inoculant produced with endophytic bacteria. At the same time new N2 fixing organisms are being searched for that are adapted to the sugarcane growing conditions of the State of São Paulo. The project will be complemented with studies on genetic traits of sugarcane associated with the capacity of N2 fixation, which may help to obtain new varieties that can make better use of BNF. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
Inoculating sugarcane with bacteria can be more efficient than using fertilizer 
Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Cleaner sugarcane fields 

Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE CASTRO GAVA, GLAUBER JOSE; SCARPARE, FABIO VALE; CANTARELLA, HEITOR; KOLLN, ORIEL TIAGO; RUIZ-CORREA, SIMONE TONI; ARLANCH, ADOLFO BERGAMO; OCHEUZE TRIVELIN, PAULO CESAR. Nitrogen source contribution in sugarcane-inoculated plants with diazotrophic bacterias under urea-N fertigation management. SUGAR TECH, v. 21, n. 3, p. 462-470, JUN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
DIAS DA SILVEIRA, ADRIANA PARADA; FREITAS IORIO, RAQUEL DE PAULA; CORREIA MARCOS, FERNANDA CASTRO; FERNANDES, ANA OLIVIA; CRESTE DIAS DE SOUZA, SILVANA APARECIDA; KURAMAE, EIKO EURYA; PEREIRA CIPRIANO, MATHEUS APARECIDO. Exploitation of new endophytic bacteria and their ability to promote sugarcane growth and nitrogen nutrition. ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, v. 112, n. 2, p. 283-295, FEB 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MARIANO, EDUARDO; OTTO, RAFAEL; MONTEZANO, ZAQUEU F.; CANTARELLA, HEITOR; TRIVELIN, PAULO C. O. Soil nitrogen availability indices as predictors of sugarcane nitrogen requirements. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, v. 89, p. 25-37, SEP 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.
SOARES, JOHNNY R.; CASSMAN, NORIKO A.; KIELAK, ANNA M.; PIJL, AGATA; CARMO, JANAINA B.; LOURENCO, KESIA S.; LAANBROEK, HENDRIKUS J.; CANTARELLA, HEITOR; KURAMAE, EIKO E. Nitrous oxide emission related to ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and mitigation options from N fertilization in a tropical soil. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 6, JUL 27 2016. Web of Science Citations: 23.
FERNANDA CASTRO CORREIA MARCOS; RAQUEL DE PAULA FREITAS IÓRIO; ADRIANA PARADA DIAS DA SILVEIRA; RAFAEL VASCONCELOS RIBEIRO; EDUARDO CARUSO MACHADO; ANA MARIA MAGALHÃES DE ANDRADE LAGÔA. Endophytic bacteria affect sugarcane physiology without changing plant growth. Bragantia, v. 75, n. 1, p. 1-9, Mar. 2016. Web of Science Citations: 6.
SOARES, JOHNNY R.; CANTARELLA, HEITOR; VARGAS, VITOR P.; CARMO, JANAINA B.; MARTINS, ACACIO A.; SOUSA, RAFAEL M.; ANDRADE, CRISTIANO A. Enhanced-Efficiency Fertilizers in Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Urea Applied to Sugarcane. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, v. 44, n. 2, p. 423-430, MAR-APR 2015. Web of Science Citations: 33.
VARGAS, VITOR PAULO; CANTARELLA, HEITOR; MARTINS, ACACIO AGOSTINHO; SOARES, JOHNNY RODRIGUES; DO CARMO, JANAINA BRAGA; DE ANDRADE, CRISTIANO ALBERTO. Sugarcane Crop Residue Increases N2O and CO2 Emissions Under High Soil Moisture Conditions. SUGAR TECH, v. 16, n. 2, SI, p. 174-179, JUN 2014. Web of Science Citations: 29.
DO CARMO, JANAINA BRAGA; FILOSO, SOLANGE; ZOTELLI, LUCIANA C.; DE SOUSA NETO, ERACLITO R.; PITOMBO, LEONARDO M.; DUARTE-NETO, PAULO J.; VARGAS, VITOR P.; ANDRADE, CRISTIANO A.; GAVA, GLAUBER J. C.; ROSSETTO, RAFFAELLA; CANTARELLA, HEITOR; NETO, ANDRE E.; MARTINELLI, LUIZ A. Infield greenhouse gas emissions from sugarcane soils in Brazil: effects from synthetic and organic fertilizer application and crop trash accumulation. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, v. 5, n. 3, p. 267-280, MAY 2013. Web of Science Citations: 76.

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