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Ecology of artisanal fishing in Paraty: optimal foraging and ethnoecology

Abstract

The lack of detailed information on artisanal fishing contributes to management obstacles in the context of local populations that economically depend upon this activity in the Atlantic Forest coast. In this study, we will focus on artisanal fisheries of Paraty, Rio de Janeiro. Four aspects are important to be approached by the ecology of artisanal fisheries: 1) the use of fishery resources, among other resources, by the community; 2) the use of the aquatic space; 3) the decision-making process of the fishers; and 4) the local knowledge of fishers. This project intends to analyze the decision-making process of artisanal fishers in the light of optimal foraging models (sub-project 1) and the ethnoecology of grouper, Epinephelus marginatus, through a study case (sub-project 2). We expect to understand the variables that underlines the fishery species choices, the fishing spots chosen, the time spent in fishing, among other aspects, involved in the decision-making processes of Paraty artisanal fishery; we also expect to analyze the artisanal fishing of grouper, Epinephelus marginatus in Paraty, in relation to its fishing spots, time fishing, gear used, along with other ethnoecological information towards this species. (AU)

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Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
HUNTINGTON, HENRY P.; BEGOSSI, ALPINA; GEARHEARD, SHARI FOX; KERSEY, BETH; LORING, PHILIP A.; MUSTONEN, TERO; PAUDEL, PRAKASH K.; SILVANO, RENATO A. M.; VAVE, RON. How small communities respond to environmental change: patterns from tropical to polar ecosystems. Ecology and Society, v. 22, n. 3, . (09/11154-3)
LOPES, PRISCILA F. M.; SILVANO, RENATO A. M.; NORA, VINICIUS A.; BEGOSSI, ALPINA. Transboundary Socio-Ecological Effects of a Marine Protected Area in the Southwest Atlantic. AMBIO, v. 42, n. 8, SI, p. 963-974, . (12/16722-2, 09/11154-3)
BEGOSSI, ALPINA. The river and the sea: fieldwork in human ecology and ethnobiology. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, v. 10, . (09/11154-3)
SILVANO, RENATO A. M.; NORA, VINICIUS; ANDREOLI, TAINA B.; LOPES, PRISCILA F. M.; BEGOSSI, ALPINA. The `ghost of past fishing': Small-scale fisheries and conservation of threatened groupers in subtropical islands. MARINE POLICY, v. 75, p. 125-132, . (11/14701-5, 09/11154-3, 12/16722-2)
LIMA, EVELYN G.; BEGOSSI, ALPINA; HALLWASS, GUSTAVO; SILVANO, RENATO A. M.. Fishers' knowledge indicates short-term temporal changes in the amount and composition of catches in the southwestern Atlantic. MARINE POLICY, v. 71, p. 111-120, . (09/11154-3, 12/16722-2)
PRIOLLI, REGINA H. G.; BAJAY, MIKLOS M.; SILVANO, RENATO A. M.; BEGOSSI, ALPINA. Population genetic structure of an estuarine and a reef fish species exploited by Brazilian artisanal fishing. Scientia Marina, v. 80, n. 4, p. 467-477, . (08/56249-9, 09/11154-3)

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