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Brazilian model of the global climate system

Grant number: 09/50528-6
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: April 01, 2011 - December 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Meteorology
Cooperation agreement: CNPq - Pronex
Principal Investigator:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Grantee:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Home Institution: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Iracema Fonseca de Albuquerque Cavalcanti ; Osvaldo Luiz Leal de Moraes
Associated scholarship(s):14/06411-5 - Evaluation of the chemical model MOZART in ECHAM-HAM (Germany) and CESM-MAM3 (USA) models for their insertion in the Brazilian Earth System Model (BESM), BP.PD
14/03149-8 - The aerosol model implementation in the Brazilian terrestrial system model (BESM) and its validation with satellite data, BP.PD


The understanding of the interactions between the different components of the Earth system, such as ocean, atmosphere, cryosphere, biosphere and the capability to simulate them using numerical models is a fundamental piece in the study of projections of impacts of the increase in greenhouse gases, aerosols in the atmosphere, and changes in the land used patterns in the earth's climate. This project aims at the development of the Brazilian Model of the Global Climate System (BMGCS), a coupled ocean-atmosphere-cryosphere-biosphere-chemistry model that allows the study and simulation of global climate variability and change, incorporating expert knowledge about tropical rainforest dynamics and its interactions with the atmosphere. The project will develop an integrated land surface module with the ability to simulate land surface processes, physiology, phenology and vegetation dynamics. The model will contemplate the complete terrestrial carbon cycle, the probability of occurrence of fire disturbances, agricultural crops dynamics, flooded areas, terrestrial snow and ice dynamics. The model shall contribute with substantial improvements of the representation of biosphere-atmosphere interactions over South American biomes. The BMGCS will incorporate the expert knowledge of chemistry and aerosols from forest burning on climate. Coupled to a high resolution ocean model with biogeochemical and sea ice will allow the Brazilian community to develop centennial to millennia integration of the model for global climate research. This project will also allow fort the aggregation of the specific competencies of participating research groups and expert local knowledge, e.g., the effects of the Amazon forest and hydrology on climate. (AU)

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre o auxílio:
Weather forecasting in Brazil will become more precise in coming months 
Model helps in the understanding of climate variations in Brazil 
Brazil develops global climate change model 
Climate from a Brazilian viewpoint 

Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CAPISTRANO, VINICIUS BUSCIOLI; NOBRE, PAULO; VEIGA, SANDRO F.; TEDESCHI, RENATA; SILVA, JOSIANE; BOTTINO, MARCUS; DA SILVA JR, MANOEL BAPTISTA; MENEZES NETO, OTACILIO LEANDRO; FIGUEROA, SILVIO NILO; BONATTI, JOSE PAULO; KUBOTA, PAULO YOSHIO; REYES FERNANDEZ, JULIO PABLO; GIAROLLA, EMANUEL; VIAL, JESSICA; NOBRE, CARLOS A. Assessing the performance of climate change simulation results from BESM-OA2.5 compared with a CMIP5 model ensemble. Geoscientific Model Development, v. 13, n. 5, p. 2277-2296, MAY 14 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
VEIGA, SANDRO F.; NOBRE, PAULO; GIAROLLA, EMANUEL; CAPISTRANO, VINICIUS; BAPTISTA, JR., MANOEL; MARQUEZ, ANDRE L.; FIGUEROA, SILVIO NILO; BONATTI, JOSE PAULO; KUBOTA, PAULO; NOBRE, CARLOS A. The Brazilian Earth System Model ocean-atmosphere (BESM-OA) version 2.5: evaluation of its CMIP5 historical simulation. Geoscientific Model Development, v. 12, n. 4, p. 1613-1642, APR 24 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.
NOBRE, PAULO; PEREIRA, ENIO BUENO; LACERDA, FRANCINETE FRANCIS; BURSZTYN, MARCEL; HADDAD, EDUARDO AMARAL; LEY, DEBORA. Solar smart grid as a path to economic inclusion and adaptation to climate change in the Brazilian Semiarid Northeast. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGIES AND MANAGEMENT, v. 11, n. 4, p. 499-517, 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
NOBRE, CARLOS A.; SAMPAIO, GILVAN; BORMA, LAURA S.; CASTILLA-RUBIO, JUAN CARLOS; SILVA, JOSE S.; CARDOSO, MANOEL. Land-use and climate change risks in the Amazon and the need of a novel sustainable development paradigm. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 113, n. 39, p. 10759-10768, SEP 27 2016. Web of Science Citations: 75.
NOBRE, PAULO; SIQUEIRA, LEO S. P.; DE ALMEIDA, ROBERTO A. F.; MALAGUTTI, MARTA; GIAROLLA, EMANUEL; CASTELAO, GUILHERME P.; BOTTINO, MARCUS J.; KUBOTA, PAULO; FIGUEROA, SILVIO N.; COSTA, MABEL C.; BAPTISTA, JR., MANOEL; IRBER, JR., LUIZ; MARCONDES, GABRIEL G. Climate Simulation and Change in the Brazilian Climate Model. Journal of Climate, v. 26, n. 17, p. 6716-6732, SEP 2013. Web of Science Citations: 8.

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