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A psychobiological study of emotional regulation based on the effects of antidepressant drugs

Grant number: 01/00189-9
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: October 01, 2001 - December 31, 2008
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Psychiatry
Principal researcher:Valentim Gentil Filho
Grantee:Valentim Gentil Filho
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FM). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Clarice Gorenstein ; Maria Inês Nogueira ; Nubio Negrao

Abstract

Clinical observations and experimental data (Gorenstein et al., 1998; Knutson et al., 1998) suggest that low or moderate doses of antidepressants administered to normal volunteers are associated with improvement that go beyond classical therapeutic effects, with respect to self-confidence, mood and well being, reduced irritability, and higher tolerance to aversive stimuli increased sociability, and subjective improvement in cognitive processing and decision making. Besides that side effects such as: weight gain and increased alimentary appetite, particularly for carbohydrates, interference with and desinhibiton of certain sleep with frequent awakenings in the absence of significant hangover, impulsive behavior suggest widespread action in brain and behaviour. The strategy of studying the effects of antidepressants in normal subjects is justified by the need to discriminate primary actions from therapeutic effects in clinical states. Such studies are still scarce and several aspects must be investigated. The aim of the current project is to replicate and extend the scope of our previous investigations of the effects of low doses of antidepressants on the emotional response of normal subjects and patients with psychiatric disorders, in order to contribute to the understanding of the "extra-therapeutic" effects of such drugs and the mechanisms of mood regulation.The first phase involves clinical trials in normal volunteers without previous psychiatric diagnosis and studies with animals. The volunteers, grouped into assymptomatic and symptomatic normals, will receive flexible-doses of clomipramine ranging from 10 to 50 mg or active placebo in a parallel group design, under doubleblind conditions, during six weeks, and will be evaluated before and at the end of treatment. This study will be carried out in blocks of 20 subjects for each treatment condition, repeated as many times as necessary to obtain the samples required for the various associated experiments. The main objectives are:a) Assess the effects of antidepressants on personality characteristics, mood and other psychological variables, as well as, their relationship to cognitive processing, circadian rhythms, alimentary behavior and neuroimage;b) Explore the effects on the sleep-wakefulness cycle, evaluating the macro and microstructure of nocturnal sleep, and the objective and subjective parameters of daytime sleepiness, circadian temperature, activity and mood cycle, and effects on the secretion of melatonin;c) Study the effects of antidepressants on appetite and their relationship with weight gain and craving. Studies in rats will determine the effects of clornipramine on the ingestion of macronutrients, sucrose and sucralose, and sacarose craving;d) Explore the anatomic-functional correlates of emotional and motivational states before and after treatment with antidepressants. Measures of Functional magnetic resonance imaging will be obtained in different emotional conditions, before and after treatment with clomipramine.Depending on the results of these experiments, a series of clinical trials with antidepressants will be run in normal volunteers and psychiatric patients to test hypothesis regarding issues of specificity, validity and reproducibility of such effects. If findings similar to those found in our previous studies in normal subjects are confirmed, they may have important clinical and social implications. The improvement of the emotional responses of emotionally unstable individuals is a longstanding clinical goal with many favorable consequences for personal, family and social interactions. These studies may also help clarifying aspects of the limits of the pharmacological and psychological therapeutic interventions. (AU)

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Scientific publications (9)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CERQUEIRA, C. T.; SATO, J. R.; DE ALMEIDA, J. R. C.; AMARO, JR., E.; LEITE, C. C.; GORENSTEIN, C.; GENTIL, V.; BUSATTO, G. F. Healthy individuals treated with clomipramine: an fMRI study of brain activity during autobiographical recall of emotions. TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY, v. 4, JUL 2014. Web of Science Citations: 3.
RATZKE, ROBERTO; MORENO, DORIS HUPFELD; GORENSTEIN, CLARICE; MORENO, RICARDO ALBERTO. Validity and reliability of the Structured Clinical Interview for Mood Spectrum - Brazilian Version (SCIMOODS-VB). Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, v. 33, n. 1, p. 64-67, MAR 2011. Web of Science Citations: 2.
CARDOSO DE ALMEIDA, J. R.; PHILLIPS, M. L.; CERQUEIRA, C. T.; ZILBERMAN, M.; LOBO, D.; HENNA, E.; TAVARES, H.; AMARO, E.; GORENSTEIN, C.; GENTIL, V.; BUSATTO, G. F. Neural activity changes to emotional stimuli in healthy individuals under chronic use of clomipramine. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, v. 24, n. 8, p. 1165-1174, AUG 2010. Web of Science Citations: 8.
MARKUS, R. P.; FRANCO, D. G.; CARVALHO, L. A.; GENTIL, V.; GORENSTEIN, C. Acute increase in urinary 6-sulfatoximelatonin after clomipramine, as a predictive measure for emotional improvement. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, v. 24, n. 6, p. 855-860, JUN 2010. Web of Science Citations: 6.
BOFFINO, CATARINA C.; CARDOSO DE SA, CRISTINA S.; GORENSTEIN, CLARICE; BROWN, RICHARD G.; BASILE, LUIS F. H.; RAMOS, RENATO T. Fear of heights: cognitive performance and postural control. EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE, v. 259, n. 2, p. 114-119, FEB 2009. Web of Science Citations: 19.
CERQUEIRA, C. T.; ALMEIDA, J. R. C.; GORENSTEIN, C.; GENTIL, V.; LEITE, C. C.; SATO, J. R.; AMARO, JR., E.; BUSATTO, G. F. Engagement of multifocal neural circuits during recall of autobiographical happy events. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, v. 41, n. 12, p. 1076-1085, DEC 2008. Web of Science Citations: 9.
HENNA, ELAINE; ZILBERMAN, MONICA L.; GENTIL, VALENTIM; GORENSTEIN, CLARICE. Validity of a frustration-induction procedure. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, v. 30, n. 1, p. 47-49, Mar. 2008.
CALEGARI‚ L.; GORENSTEIN‚ C.; GENTIL‚ V.; PLANETA‚ C.S.; NUNES-DE-SOUZA‚ R.L. Effect of chronic treatment with clomipramine on food intake‚ macronutrient selection and body weight gain in rats. BIOLOGICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN, v. 30, n. 8, p. 1541-1546, 2007.
ALVES, TANIA C. T. F.; RAYS, JAIRO; FRAGUAS, JR., RENERIO; WAJNGARTEN, MAURICIO; TELLES, RENATA M. S.; DE SOUZA DURAN, FABIO LUIS; MENEGHETTI, JOSE C.; ROBILOTTA, CECIL CHOW; PRANDO, SILVANA; DE CASTRO, CLAUDIO CAMPI; BUCHPIGUEL, CARLOS A.; BUSATTO, GERALDO F. Association between major depressive symptoms in heart failure and impaired regional cerebral blood flow in the medial temporal region: a study using (99)mTc-HMPAO single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE, v. 36, n. 5, p. 597-608, MAY 2006. Web of Science Citations: 18.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.