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Xingu: integrating land use planning and water governance in Amazonia: towards improved freshwater security

Grant number: 13/50180-5
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: September 01, 2013 - August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Cooperation agreement: Belmont Forum
Principal Investigator:Alex Vladimir Krusche
Grantee:Alex Vladimir Krusche
Principal investigator abroad: Christopher Neill
Institution abroad: Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), United States
Home Institution: Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo Garavello ; Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester
Associated grant(s):14/01449-4 - Neglected tropical diseases' regulation as an ecosystem service, under land-use change and human adaptability scenarios, in alto Xingu-MT-Brazil communities, AV.BR
Associated scholarship(s):15/05103-8 - Dynamics of land use and land cover in the agricultural frontier of Brazilian Amazon: driving forces of changes and future scenarios, BP.DR
16/11141-2 - Hydrologic variability and sediment supply of the Xingu and Tapajós rivers: climate change and anthropogenic impacts in Eastern Amazon rivers during Holocene, BP.DR
15/14457-8 - Environmental legislation and social representation of human populations at the Upper Xingu, BP.PD
13/20377-1 - Development of soybean virtual water map for the Upper Xingu basin, Mato Grosso - Brazil, BP.DR

Abstract

The expansion of intensive crop agriculture in tropical forests is a global phenomenon driven by land availability, shifts in diet to more meat consumption and growth of human populations and incomes. These land-use changes have not been accompanied by significant improvements in water governance. This will become increasingly important as changes to climate impact the amount, timing and variability of precipitation upon which this agricultural system depends. Moreover, we will examine the critical issue of Freshwater Security associated with expanding soybean agriculture in the agricultural frontier of Amazonia (upper Xingu River Basin, Brazil). We will identify: 1) how impacts from land conversion, cropland expansion and agricultural intensification interact to affect regional evapotranspiration, rainfall generation, river flooding, water quality and stream habitats and the thresholds of change that will endanger agricultural production, traditional regional livelihoods and downstream water-related infrastructure, and 2) what mechanisms of water governance and distribution of environmental information services are best suited to facilitate integrated water management by decision makers resource uses and other stakeholders. We will engage soybean farmers and cattle ranchers through existing collaborations. We will also involve municipal officials, small producers, fishers and river-based businesses to determine to what extent a virtual water and hydrological modeling tools can influence stakeholder understanding of water security and will seek to identify potential institutional mechanisms to manage inevitable water management tradeoffs. To provide support for an informed decision making process, we will analyze regional population movements, social and cultural integration of migrants, relations between indigenous and non-indigenous local population regarding livelihood, water resources and the role of media in relation to environmental policy and decision making regarding freshwater security. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
In São Paulo, Belmont Forum defines directions of future research 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
EMPINOTTI, VANESSA. Beyond the dualities: a nuanced understanding of Brazilian soybean producers. FOOD SECURITY, v. 7, n. 6, p. 1165-1174, DEC 2015. Web of Science Citations: 2.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.