Protected areas are considered as one of the most effective way to conserve biodiversity. However, those areas alone are insufficient to maintain species and their ecological communities. São Paulo, the most industrialized state of the country, still has fragments of native vegetation, but only 25% are protected area. Santa Bárbara Ecological Station (SBES) has only 2.700 hectares and is surrounded by human modified areas. Nevertheless, the Park protects a diverse biota, being also on of the last remnants of Cerrado and Floresta Estacional of the state. This protected area is a refuge to some threatened mammals, as the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla). Among other aspects, the high dietary specialization, the large areas requirement and slow rate of population growing are able to increase the vulnerability of this threatened species. The main aim is to analyze the ecology and sanitary profile of the giant anteater in a landscape composed by Cerrado and Floresta Estacional remnants (SBES) and human modified areas (surrounding area). GPS (Global Positioning System) telemetry and camera trap techniques will be employed to answer ecological questions, primarily, how and which parts of this landscape the species occur and use. The species sanitary profile will be reached by the health and toxicological diagnosis with the aim to evaluate if the pesticides applied on the surrounding and the pathogen presence are a threat to the species. The study site is a landscape model of what is occurring in the São Paulo remnants; and the results will be essential to drive conservationist strategies inside and outside protected areas in the state. (AU)
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
DESBIEZ, ARNAUD LEONARD JEAN;
MASSOCATO, GABRIEL FAVERO;
DE MIRANDA, GUILHERME;
BIANCHI, RITA DE CASSIA;
GASPAROTTO, VINICIUS PERON DE OLIVEIRA;
OLIVERA-SANTOS, LUIZ GUSTAVO RODRIGUES.
The role of environmental temperature on movement patterns of giant anteaters.
Web of Science Citations: 0.