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Effectiveness of nursing interventions using the telephone for caregivers with caregiver role strain

Grant number: 13/20744-4
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: February 01, 2014 - January 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nursing - Medical-Surgical Nursing
Principal researcher:Diná de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da Cruz
Grantee:Diná de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da Cruz
Home Institution: Escola de Enfermagem (EE). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Erika de Souza Guedes ; Leidy Johanna Rueda Díaz ; Rita de Cassia Gengo e Silva

Abstract

In Latin America, the health system does not respond to the demands and needs of familiar caregivers. Have evidence from research strictly delineated and conducted to inform the care of caregivers with the diagnosis of Caregiver Role Strain will contribute to the development of programs capable of meeting the needs and demands of this population. Objective. Determine the effectiveness of nursing interventions applied by phone to family caregivers with Caregivers Role Strain in the domains: lifestyle, emotional health, physical health and well-being. Method. The research will be developed in three stages. First: content validation of nursing diagnosis Caregiver Role Strain and nursing outcomes Caregiver lifestyle disruption, Caregiver Emotional health, Caregiver Physical Health, Caregiver Well-being. Second, validation the measuring instrument diagnostic and nursing outcomes using the Rasch model; and third randomized trial. This last step will be developed simultaneously in Brazil and Colombia. For each country the sample will be composed by 104 family caregivers of people with chronic diseases, consisting of 52 caregivers in the control group, 52 in the intervention group by phone. The group of intervention by phone will receive 5 sessions of intervention, using phone with a duration of 40 minutes, 1 time per week for 5 weeks. The control group will receive usual care. The intervention sessions integrate activities of the following NIC interventions: Caregiver Support and Improvement of coping. For data processing will be built two databases independently in Epi Info, the dates will be analyzed in sofware Stata version11 and Winstep. A descriptive analysis will be performed o of the baseline characteristics of the groups of intervention and non-intervention. To evaluate the effect of the intervention on average scores final results of the second and third assessment of the intervention groups and the control group, will be calculated the differences coefficient between the control and intervention group and the Cohen's d value. As a measure of impact of intervention will be calculated the number needed to treat (NNT). (AU)

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