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Subnational political institutions: a comparative study of Brazilian States

Grant number: 13/15658-1
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: March 01, 2014 - February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - State and Government
Principal Investigator:George Avelino Filho
Grantee:George Avelino Filho
Home Institution: Escola de Economia de São Paulo (EESP). Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Ciro Biderman ; Cláudio Gonçalves Couto ; Fernando Luiz Abrucio ; Luiz Felipe de Alencastro
Assoc. researchers:Carlos Eduardo Ferreira Pereira Filho ; Cesar Zucco Junior ; Jairo Cesar Marconi Nicolau ; Jorge Pablo Gordin ; Lorena Guadalupe Barberia ; Lucas Isaac González ; Lucio Remuzat Rennó Junior ; Marcus André Barreto Campelo de Melo ; Octavio Amorim Neto ; Scott W. Desposato ; Sérgio Rodrigo Marchiori Praça
Associated grant(s):19/07673-7 - There is no place like home: a study of slum housing improvement in Brazil, AP.R SPRINT
18/15220-0 - Subnational fiscal policy interdependence: explaining local politicians' fiscal decisions across space and time, AV.EXT
17/26938-6 - Qualitative research and the analysis of everyday life, local politics, and violence in the peripheries of São Paulo, AV.EXT
16/50201-0 - The politics of patronage appointments in Brazil, AP.R SPRINT
14/15097-2 - Does better transport imply better jobs? An estimation of the impacts of improved mobility on the quality of employment, AV.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):19/25865-0 - Organazing democracy: party machines, elections and vote in Brazil, BP.DR
19/09399-0 - The Urban Political Economy: Why are there so many private gains and so few public gains?, BE.PQ
19/08444-1 - Determinants of gubernatorial approval, BP.IC
+ associated scholarships 19/09047-6 - Political context and clarity of governors accountability, BP.IC
18/17403-4 - Rescuing the Brazilian electoral memory: creation of databases of the elections of 1933-1964, BP.IC
18/05607-4 - Public Participation and Social Rights in the New Constitutionalism in Latin America, BP.PD
18/08118-4 - Electoral typologies: an analysis of spatio-temporal patterns in proportional elections in Brazil, BP.PD
18/08112-6 - Explaining electoral list formation in Brazil, BP.PD
17/19828-0 - Representative government and democratization process in Brazil: electoral participation in 1900-1964, BP.PD
17/20348-2 - Local party organizations and their election impact after 2015, BP.PD
17/20855-1 - Formation of party lists and ambition of the candidates in the elections for federal deputy, BP.DD
17/09619-4 - Electoral Strategy and Coordination in Open List Proportional Systems, BE.PQ
17/16221-7 - Taxation and federalism, BP.IC
17/07503-9 - Electoral coordination in Brazil: investigating the multilevel game of Brazilian state political systems, BP.PD
17/09724-2 - The end of the line? An analysis of federal deputies who have not run for reelection between 1998 and 2014, BP.IC
17/05752-1 - State secretariats and party coalitions issues management at the State of São Paulo legislature, BP.IC
16/23909-2 - State constitutionalism in Brazil: constitutional amendment in the states, BP.IC
16/19378-1 - Political context and clarity of accountability of governors, BP.IC
16/19719-3 - Mandatory and discretionary transfers to the Brazilian states, BP.IC
16/19949-9 - Determinants of governors' popularity, BP.IC
16/16191-8 - Campaign finance efficiency and party organization, BP.DD
15/25070-7 - Tax collection and indebtedness of the Brazilian states, BP.IC
15/02045-7 - Electoral volatility and strategy of federal congressmen in Brazil, BP.DR
15/23656-4 - Economic determinants of governors' popularity, BP.TT
15/24185-5 - Economic determinants of governors' popularity, BP.IC
15/24020-6 - Secretariats of economic development, science, technology and innovation and bureaucratic careers, BP.IC
15/19236-0 - Geography and politics: three essays, BP.DD
15/15200-0 - Who are the Brazilian federal deputies? An analysis of members' party affiliation between 1998 and 2014, BP.IC
15/14740-1 - Economic determinants of governors' popularity, BP.IC
15/12655-7 - Bureaucratic careers in economic policy cabinets: São Paulo and Piauí states, BP.IC
15/00267-2 - Spatial analysis of intra and inter-party fragmentation in subnational elections: revealing party coordination strategies, BP.PD
14/21448-2 - Government budget in the Brazilian States, BP.IC
14/09962-2 - Determinants of politics state secretariats creation for women and their role in the coalition: the cases of São Paulo, Maranhão and Rio Grande do Sul, BP.IC
14/16555-4 - Electoral preference and socioeconomic profile of São Paulo municipality voters, an approach based on electoral geography, BP.IC
14/09857-4 - Bureaucratic careers in secretariats of culture: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, BP.IC
14/09977-0 - The state secretariats of public security and prison management and their role in the coalition: the cases of São Paulo and Minas Gerais between 1994 and 2010, BP.IC - associated scholarships

Abstract

The decentralization that took place over the last decades in Brazil increased the role of both state and municipal governments in the implementation of public policies, and motivated an increase in scholarship about subnational governments. These studies raised important questions and hypotheses; yet, comparative knowledge about state politics continues to lag behind. In an earlier research project, we investigated the effects of political institutions (in-dependent variables) over the allocation of public resources (dependent variable) in Brazilian states. The project advanced research on electoral and governance aspects. With respect to the first aspect, we explored the role of governors and political parties; electoral strategies; and accountability patterns toward state citizens. In the second aspect, we focused on local political coalitions, and the resources the executive resorts to build up legislative majorities in local assemblies. This research proposal continues and further extends this earlier research. It represents continuity inasmuch as the research goals and analytical approach continue to be the same ones; that is, to investigate state political institutions and their effect on state governments' choices in a comparative perspective. It also represents continuity as it proposes to conclude the investigation initiated by the earlier research project; particularly by completing the data collection efforts for those Brazilian states who were not studied in the earlier project, and by consolidating and enlarging the coverage of the political data set generated by the project. Yet this research also develops new questions, inasmuch as it reformulates some of the objectives of the earlier research, adding new ones, and introducing new approaches. The most important change originated from the perception that the analysis of politics wi-thin states demands an enlarged comprehension about state politics; particularly the relationship between state and municipal politics. This last issue justifies the inclusion of the electoral geography of states as part of the research project`s agenda. In this new proposal, a new emphasis is also given to the distribution of state bureaucracy posts among political parties as a way to manage legislative coalitions, and to the importance of intergovernmental transfers in public finances. All in all, though the research focus still is state political institutions, this new proposal brings a new emphasis on the performance of political parties within states. This emphasis is justified as except for the president, all other politicians are elected within their respective states. The investigation of political parties will follow the three classical areas of research on political parties, that is: their relationship with voters, their performance as a political organization, and their behavior in government. Finally, this research proposal also continues the partnership with the Brazilian Association of Political Science (ABCP), which aims to both consolidate and extend two important achievements of the earlier research project. The federative research network, which allows researchers from all over the country to work together on the same data set, and the political data set, already available to the academic community (www.fgv.br/cepesp/cepespdata), will continue to be disseminated to advance research in this field of inquiry. (AU)