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The origin and rise of dinosaurs in Gondwana (late Triassic - early Jurassic)

Grant number: 14/03825-3
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: May 01, 2014 - April 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology
Principal Investigator:Max Cardoso Langer
Grantee:Max Cardoso Langer
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Felipe Chinaglia Montefeltro
Assoc. researchers: Ana Emilia Quezado de Figueiredo ; Ana Maria Góes ; Annie Schmaltz Hsiou ; Ascanio Daniel Rincón Rincón ; Átila Augusto Stock da Rosa ; Bruno Cavalcanti Vila Nova de Albuquerque ; Cesar Leandro Schultz ; Daniel Costa Fortier ; Felipe Chinaglia Montefeltro ; Jahandar Ramezani ; Jonathas de Souza Bittencourt Rodrigues ; Julia Brenda Desojo ; Lúcio Roberto da Silva ; Marco Aurélio Gallo de França ; Mariela Cordeiro de Castro ; Oliver Walter Micha Rauhut ; Simone D'Orazi Porchetti
Associated scholarship(s):18/13118-3 - New fossils from an underexplored region of the Adamantina Formation (Bauru Group, Upper Cretaceous) from Auriflama-SP: evolutive and paleoecological implications, BP.IC
18/24031-6 - Systematics of new Dinosauriformes specimens from the upper Triassic (Carnian) of Cerro da Alemoa, santa Maria-RS formation and their importance for evolution and paleobiology of the first dinosaurs, BP.MS
18/19178-8 - Morphological support for Ornithoscelida Huxley, 1870, BP.MS
+ associated scholarships 16/18011-7 - Sauropodomorph dinosaurs from the early Gondwana Mesozoic: connections between Brazil and Africa, BP.PD
14/25379-5 - Evolution, morphology, and development of the pterygoid region in Testudines, focusing on Pleurodira, BP.DR
13/23114-1 - Review of the Carnian (Neotriassic) Sauropodomorpha (Dinosauria) with description of new elements of Saturnalia tupiniquim, BP.DR - associated scholarships

Abstract

The first 50 million years of dinosaur evolution, during the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic, encompass most radiation events in the history of the group, suggesting that key macroevolutionary differentiation between clades was being established during these emergent times. In Gondwana lands, dinosaur origins is well investigated in the Late Triassic deposits of south Brazil and north-western Argentina, which include the most important global records of the oldest members of the group. Early Jurassic dinosaur-bearing sediments are, however (and especially in South America), much rarer; corresponding to an important gap in the knowledge about the evolutionary history of the group. This Project aims at developing a field program to collect dinosaur fossil remains in Late Triassic and Early Jurassic gondwanan sediments, as well as to conduct revision studies on the anatomy and systematics of various key-taxa of the group. Field work will explore deposits of Triassic age in south Brazil (Santa Maria and Caturrita formations) and Tanzania ("Tunduru beds"), and of Jurassic age in Venezuela (La Quinta Formation) and NE Brazil (Pastos Bons Formation). Already collected specimens will be the focus of indicial anatomical and phylogenetic studies, including a new stem-Averostra theropod from the Jurassic of Venezuela, as well as various basal dinosaurs from the Triassic of Rio Grande do Sul. In addition, radioisotopic (U-Pb) methods will be employed in an attempt to date the above mentioned deposits, aiming at assembling geochronologic and phylogenetic data together, in order to best understand the "tempo and mode" of the early dinosaur radiation in Gondwana. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
History of side-necked turtle diversification revealed 
Oldest mammal in Brazil lived in the age of dinosaurs 
"Crooked" rhynchosaur described after 40 years 
Rincossauro "torto" é descrito após 40 anos  
Paleontologists describe giant amphibian that lived 260 million years ago 
Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Maganize about the research grant:
A Caribbean cousin 
Articles published in other midia outlets (4 total):
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Dinossauro brasileiro recém-descoberto andava como cavalo e tinha garras à la Velociraptor 
Vespersaurus paranaensis: o primeiro dinossauro encontrado no Paraná 
Dinossauros devem ter surgido no sul do Brasil 
Dinossauros devem ter surgido no sul do Brasil 

Scientific publications (31)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MUELLER, RODRIGO TEMP; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; PACHECO, CRISTIAN PEREIRA; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. The role of ontogeny on character polarization in early dinosaurs: a new specimen from the Late Triassic of southern Brazil and its implications. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 31, n. 6, p. 794-805, JUL 3 2019. Web of Science Citations: 6.
LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; MARTINS, NEURIDES DE OLIVEIRA; MANZIG, PAULO CESAR; FERREIRA, GABRIEL DE SOUZA; DE ALMEIDA MARSOLA, AILIO CESAR; FORTES, EDISON; LIMA, ROSANA; FREDIANI SANTANA, LUCAS CESAR; VIDAL, LUCIANO DA SILVA; DA SILVA LORENCATO, ROSANGELA HONORIO; EZCURRA, MARTIN DANIEL. A new desert-dwelling dinosaur (Theropoda, Noasaurinae) from the Cretaceous of south Brazil. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 9, JUN 26 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; LANGER, MAX C.; BUTTON, DAVID J.; BUTLER, RICHARD J. Increases in sampling support the southern Gondwanan hypothesis for the origin of dinosaurs. Palaeontology, v. 62, n. 3, p. 473-482, MAY 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
SILVA JUNIOR, JULIAN C. G.; MARINHO, THIAGO S.; MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; LANGER, MAX C. Osteology and systematics of Uberabatitan ribeiroi (Dinosauria; Sauropoda): a Late Cretaceous titanosaur from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 4577, n. 3, p. 401-438, APR 8 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C. The Osteoderms of Baurusuchid Crocodyliforms (Mesoeucrocodylia, Notosuchia). JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, v. 39, n. 2 APR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BRONZATI, MARIO; LANGER, MAX C.; RAUHUT, OLIVER W. M. Braincase anatomy of the early sauropodomorph Saturnalia tupiniquim (Late Triassic, Brazil). JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, v. 38, n. 5 MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; MCPHEE, BLAIR WAYNE; DE ALMEIDA MARSOLA, JULIO CESAR; ROBERTO-DA-SILVA, LUCIO; CABREIRA, SERGIO FURTADO. Anatomy of the dinosaur Pampadromaeus barberenai (Saurischia-Sauropodomorpha) from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation of southern Brazil. PLoS One, v. 14, n. 2 FEB 20 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MUELLER, RODRIGO T.; LANGER, MAX C.; BRONZATI, MARIO; PACHECO, CRISTIAN P.; CABREIRA, SERGIO F.; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. Early evolution of sauropodomorphs: anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of a remarkably well-preserved dinosaur from the Upper Triassic of southern Brazil. ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY, v. 184, n. 4, p. 1187-1248, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
CARBONARO, FABIO AUGUSTO; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; NIHEI, SILVIO SHIGUEO; FERREIRA, GABRIEL DE SOUZA; GHILARDI, RENATO PIRANI. Inferring ancestral range reconstruction based on trilobite records: a study-case on Metacryphaeus (Phacopida, Calmoniidae). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 8, OCT 12 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS S.; BUTLER, RICHARD J.; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.; SAYAO, JULIANA M.; LANGER, MAX C. A new dinosaur with theropod affinities from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation, south Brazil. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, v. 38, n. 5 SEP 3 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; IORI, V, FABIANO; HERMANSON, GUILHERME; LANGER, MAX C. New turtle remains from the Late Cretaceous of Monte Alto-SP, Brazil, including cranial osteology, neuroanatomy and phylogenetic position of a new taxon. PALAEONTOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, v. 92, n. 3, p. 481-498, SEP 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
GODOY, PEDRO L.; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.; NOVA, BRUNO C. VILA; BUTLER, RICHARD J.; LANGER, MAX C. Evidence for heterochrony in the cranial evolution of fossil crocodyliforms. Palaeontology, v. 61, n. 4, p. 543-558, JUL 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.
CASTRO, MARIELA C.; GOIN, FRANCISCO J.; ORTIZ-JAUREGUIZAR, EDGARDO; CAROLINA VIEYTES, E.; TSUKUI, KAORI; RAMEZANI, JAHANDAR; BATEZELLI, ALESSANDRO; MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; LANGER, MAX C. A Late Cretaceous mammal from Brazil and the first radioisotopic age for the Bauru Group. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, v. 5, n. 5 MAY 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.
LANGER, MAX C.; RAMEZANI, JAHANDAR; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S. U-Pb age constraints on dinosaur rise from south Brazil. GONDWANA RESEARCH, v. 57, p. 133-140, MAY 2018. Web of Science Citations: 22.
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; BRONZATI, MARIO; LANGER, MAX C.; STERLI, JULIANA. Phylogeny, biogeography and diversification patterns of side-necked turtles (Testudines: Pleurodira). ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, v. 5, n. 3 MAR 2018. Web of Science Citations: 6.
MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS S.; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.; MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; RIBEIRO, ANA MARIA; FERIGOLO, JORGE; LANGER, MAX C. New sauropodomorph and cynodont remains from the Late Triassic Sacisaurus site in southern Brazil and its stratigraphic position in the Norian Caturrita Formation. ACTA PALAEONTOLOGICA POLONICA, v. 63, n. 4, p. 653-669, 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LANGER, MAX C.; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C. Supradapedon revisited: geological explorations in the Triassic of southern Tanzania. PeerJ, v. 5, NOV 13 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.
BRONZATI, MARIO; RAUHUT, OLIVER W. M.; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS S.; LANGER, MAX C. Endocast of the Late Triassic (Carnian) dinosaur Saturnalia tupiniquim: implications for the evolution of brain tissue in Sauropodomorpha. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 7, SEP 20 2017. Web of Science Citations: 10.
MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; ELTINK, ESTEVAN; DA-ROSA, ATILA A. S.; LANGER, MAX C. A NEW CYNODONT FROM THE SANTA MARIA FORMATION, SOUTH BRAZIL, IMPROVES LATE TRIASSIC PROBAINOGNATHIAN DIVERSITY. PAPERS IN PALAEONTOLOGY, v. 3, n. 3, p. 401-423, AUG 2017. Web of Science Citations: 14.
HERMANSON, GUILHERME; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; LANGER, MAX C. The largest Cretaceous podocnemidoid turtle (Pleurodira) revealed by an isolated plate from the Bauru Basin, south-central Brazil. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 29, n. 6, p. 833-840, 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
MULLER, RODRIGO TEMP; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. Biostratigraphic significance of a new early sauropodomorph specimen from the Upper Triassic of southern Brazil. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 29, n. 2, p. 187-202, 2017. Web of Science Citations: 8.
CABREIRA, SERGIO FURTADO; ARMIN KELLNER, ALEXANDER WILHELM; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO; DA SILVA, LUCIO ROBERTO; BRONZATI, MARIO; DE ALMEIDA MARSOLA, JULIO CESAR; MULLER, RODRIGO TEMP; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS DE SOUZA; BATISTA, BRUNNA JUL'ARMANDO; RAUGUST, TIAGO; CARRILHO, RODRIGO; BRODT, ANDRE; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO. A Unique Late Triassic Dinosauromorph Assemblage Reveals Dinosaur Ancestral Anatomy and Diet. Current Biology, v. 26, n. 22, p. 3090-3095, NOV 21 2016. Web of Science Citations: 49.
MARSOLA, JULIO C. DE A.; BATEZELLI, ALESSANDRO; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.; GRELLET-TINNER, GERALD; LANGER, MAX C. Palaeoenvironmental characterization of a crocodilian nesting site from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil and the evolution of crocodyliform nesting strategies. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 457, p. 221-232, SEP 1 2016. Web of Science Citations: 3.
PRETTO, FLAVIO AUGUSTO; VEIGA, FABIO HIRATSUKA; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; SCHULTZ, CESAR LEANDRO. A JUVENILE SAUROPODOMORPH TIBIA FROM THE `BOTUCARAI HILL', LATE TRIASSIC OF SOUTHERN BRAZIL. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, v. 19, n. 3, p. 407-414, SEP-DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 3.
SCHULTZ, CESAR LEANDRO; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE CHINAGLIA. A new rhynchosaur from south Brazil (Santa Maria Formation) and rhynchosaur diversity patterns across the Middle-Late Triassic boundary. PALAEONTOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, v. 90, n. 3, p. 593-609, SEP 2016. Web of Science Citations: 14.
MUELLER, RODRIGO TEMP; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; CABREIRA, SERGIO FURTADO; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. The femoral anatomy of Pampadromaeus barberenai based on a new specimen from the Upper Triassic of Brazil. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 28, n. 5, p. 656-665, JUL 3 2016. Web of Science Citations: 9.
FRANCA, MARCO A. G.; MARSOLA, JULIO C. DE A.; RIFF, DOUGLAS; HSIOU, ANNIE S.; LANGER, MAX C. New lower jaw and teeth referred to Maxakalisaurus topai (Titanosauria: Aeolosaurini) and their implications for the phylogeny of titanosaurid sauropods. PeerJ, v. 4, JUN 8 2016. Web of Science Citations: 4.
GODOY, PEDRO L.; BRONZATI, MARIO; ELTINK, ESTEVAN; MARSOLA, JULIO C. DE A.; CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; LANGER, MAX C.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C. Postcranial anatomy of Pissarrachampsa sera (Crocodyliformes, Baurusuchidae) from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil: insights on lifestyle and phylogenetic significance. PeerJ, v. 4, MAY 26 2016. Web of Science Citations: 17.
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; RINCON, ASCANIO D.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES; LANGER, MAX C. Review of the fossil matamata turtles: earliest well-dated record and hypotheses on the origin of their present geographical distribution. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN, v. 103, n. 3-4 2016. Web of Science Citations: 10.
VILA NOVA, B. C.; SAYAO, J. M.; LANGER, M. C.; KELLNER, A. W. A. Comments on the cervical vertebrae of the Tapejaridae (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea) with description of new specimens. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 27, n. 6, SI, p. 770-780, AUG 18 2015. Web of Science Citations: 8.
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; RINCON, ASCANIO D.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES; LANGER, MAX C. The last marine pelomedusoids (Testudines: Pleurodira): a new species of Bairdemys and the paleoecology of Stereogenyina. PeerJ, v. 3, JUN 30 2015. Web of Science Citations: 17.

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