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The origin and rise of dinosaurs in Gondwana (late Triassic - early Jurassic)

Grant number: 14/03825-3
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: May 01, 2014 - April 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Paleozoology
Principal researcher:Max Cardoso Langer
Grantee:Max Cardoso Langer
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Felipe Chinaglia Montefeltro
Assoc. researchers: Ana Emilia Quezado de Figueiredo ; ANA MARIA GÓES ; Annie Schmaltz Hsiou ; Ascanio Daniel Rincón Rincón ; Átila Augusto Stock da Rosa ; Bruno Cavalcanti Vila Nova de Albuquerque ; Cesar Leandro Schultz ; Daniel Costa Fortier ; Felipe Chinaglia Montefeltro ; Jahandar Ramezani ; Jonathas de Souza Bittencourt Rodrigues ; Julia Brenda Desojo ; Lúcio Roberto da Silva ; Marco Aurélio Gallo de França ; Mariela Cordeiro de Castro ; Oliver Walter Micha Rauhut ; Simone D'Orazi Porchetti
Associated scholarship(s):18/13118-3 - New fossils from an underexplored region of the Adamantina Formation (Bauru Group, Upper Cretaceous) from Auriflama-SP: evolutive and paleoecological implications, BP.IC
18/24031-6 - Systematics of new Dinosauriformes specimens from the Upper Triassic (Carnian) of Cerro da Alemoa, Santa Maria-RS Formation and their importance for evolution and paleobiology of the first dinosaurs, BP.MS
18/19178-8 - Morphological support for Ornithoscelida Huxley, 1870, BP.MS
+ associated scholarships 17/17061-3 - The origin and rise of dinosaurs in Gondwana (late Triassic - early Jurassic), BP.TT
16/18011-7 - Sauropodomorph dinosaurs from the early Gondwana Mesozoic: connections between Brazil and Africa, BP.PD
14/25379-5 - Evolution, morphology, and development of the pterygoid region in Testudines, focusing on Pleurodira, BP.DR
13/23114-1 - Review of the Carnian (Neotriassic) Sauropodomorpha (Dinosauria) with description of new elements of Saturnalia tupiniquim, BP.DR - associated scholarships

Abstract

The first 50 million years of dinosaur evolution, during the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic, encompass most radiation events in the history of the group, suggesting that key macroevolutionary differentiation between clades was being established during these emergent times. In Gondwana lands, dinosaur origins is well investigated in the Late Triassic deposits of south Brazil and north-western Argentina, which include the most important global records of the oldest members of the group. Early Jurassic dinosaur-bearing sediments are, however (and especially in South America), much rarer; corresponding to an important gap in the knowledge about the evolutionary history of the group. This Project aims at developing a field program to collect dinosaur fossil remains in Late Triassic and Early Jurassic gondwanan sediments, as well as to conduct revision studies on the anatomy and systematics of various key-taxa of the group. Field work will explore deposits of Triassic age in south Brazil (Santa Maria and Caturrita formations) and Tanzania ("Tunduru beds"), and of Jurassic age in Venezuela (La Quinta Formation) and NE Brazil (Pastos Bons Formation). Already collected specimens will be the focus of indicial anatomical and phylogenetic studies, including a new stem-Averostra theropod from the Jurassic of Venezuela, as well as various basal dinosaurs from the Triassic of Rio Grande do Sul. In addition, radioisotopic (U-Pb) methods will be employed in an attempt to date the above mentioned deposits, aiming at assembling geochronologic and phylogenetic data together, in order to best understand the "tempo and mode" of the early dinosaur radiation in Gondwana. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Los predecesores de los pterosaurios 
La primera tierra de los dinosaurios 
The First Land of the Dinosaurs 
Fósiles dinámicos 
Un pariente caribeño 
A Caribbean cousin 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
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Scientific publications (40)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRONZATI, MARIO; BENSON, ROGER B. J.; EVERS, SERJOSCHA W.; EZCURRA, MARTIN D.; CABREIRA, SERGIO F.; CHOINIERE, JONAH; DOLLMAN, KATHLEEN N.; PAULINA-CARABAJAL, ARIANA; RADERMACHER, VIKTOR J.; ROBERTO-DA-SILVA, LUCIO; et al. Deep evolutionary diversification of semicircular canals in archosaurs. Current Biology, v. 31, n. 12, p. 2520+, . (18/18145-9, 14/03825-3)
ELTINK, ESTEVAN; CASTRO, MARIELA; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE CHINAGLIA; TRINDADE DANTAS, MARIO ANDRE; SCHERER, CAROLINA SALDANHA; DE OLIVEIRA, PAULO VICTOR; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO. Mammalian fossils from Gruta do Ioio cave and past of the Chapada Diamantina, northeastern Brazil, using taphonomy, radiocarbon dating and paleoecology. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 98, . (14/03825-3)
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; IORI, V, FABIANO; HERMANSON, GUILHERME; LANGER, MAX C.. New turtle remains from the Late Cretaceous of Monte Alto-SP, Brazil, including cranial osteology, neuroanatomy and phylogenetic position of a new taxon. PALAEONTOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, v. 92, n. 3, p. 481-498, . (14/25379-5, 14/03825-3, 16/17116-0, 16/03934-2, 16/03373-0)
BRONZATI, MARIO; RAUHUT, OLIVER W. M.; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS S.; LANGER, MAX C.. Endocast of the Late Triassic (Carnian) dinosaur Saturnalia tupiniquim: implications for the evolution of brain tissue in Sauropodomorpha. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 7, . (14/03825-3)
LANGER, MAX C.; RAMEZANI, JAHANDAR; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.. U-Pb age constraints on dinosaur rise from south Brazil. GONDWANA RESEARCH, v. 57, p. 133-140, . (14/03825-3)
CABREIRA, SERGIO FURTADO; ARMIN KELLNER, ALEXANDER WILHELM; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO; DA SILVA, LUCIO ROBERTO; BRONZATI, MARIO; DE ALMEIDA MARSOLA, JULIO CESAR; MULLER, RODRIGO TEMP; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS DE SOUZA; BATISTA, BRUNNA JUL'ARMANDO; RAUGUST, TIAGO; et al. A Unique Late Triassic Dinosauromorph Assemblage Reveals Dinosaur Ancestral Anatomy and Diet. Current Biology, v. 26, n. 22, p. 3090-3095, . (13/23114-1, 14/03825-3)
PRETTO, FLAVIO AUGUSTO; VEIGA, FABIO HIRATSUKA; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; SCHULTZ, CESAR LEANDRO. A JUVENILE SAUROPODOMORPH TIBIA FROM THE `BOTUCARAI HILL', LATE TRIASSIC OF SOUTHERN BRAZIL. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, v. 19, n. 3, p. 407-414, . (14/03825-3)
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; RINCON, ASCANIO D.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES; LANGER, MAX C.. Review of the fossil matamata turtles: earliest well-dated record and hypotheses on the origin of their present geographical distribution. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN, v. 103, n. 3-4, . (12/11604-1, 14/25379-5, 14/03825-3)
LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; MCPHEE, BLAIR WAYNE; DE ALMEIDA MARSOLA, JULIO CESAR; ROBERTO-DA-SILVA, LUCIO; CABREIRA, SERGIO FURTADO. Anatomy of the dinosaur Pampadromaeus barberenai (Saurischia-Sauropodomorpha) from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation of southern Brazil. PLoS One, v. 14, n. 2, . (13/23114-1, 14/03825-3)
HERMANSON, GUILHERME; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; LANGER, MAX C.. The largest Cretaceous podocnemidoid turtle (Pleurodira) revealed by an isolated plate from the Bauru Basin, south-central Brazil. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 29, n. 6, p. 833-840, . (16/03373-0, 14/25379-5, 14/03825-3)
MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; LANGER, MAX C.; BUTTON, DAVID J.; BUTLER, RICHARD J.. Increases in sampling support the southern Gondwanan hypothesis for the origin of dinosaurs. Palaeontology, v. 62, n. 3, p. 473-482, . (14/25379-5, 14/03825-3, 16/03934-2, 13/23114-1, 16/02473-1)
LANGER, MAX C.; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.. Supradapedon revisited: geological explorations in the Triassic of southern Tanzania. PeerJ, v. 5, . (14/03825-3)
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; BRONZATI, MARIO; LANGER, MAX C.; STERLI, JULIANA. Phylogeny, biogeography and diversification patterns of side-necked turtles (Testudines: Pleurodira). ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, v. 5, n. 3, . (14/25379-5, 14/03825-3, 16/03934-2)
CARBONARO, FABIO AUGUSTO; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; NIHEI, SILVIO SHIGUEO; FERREIRA, GABRIEL DE SOUZA; GHILARDI, RENATO PIRANI. Inferring ancestral range reconstruction based on trilobite records: a study-case on Metacryphaeus (Phacopida, Calmoniidae). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 8, . (13/09683-3, 15/10788-0, 16/03934-2, 14/03825-3, 16/18275-4, 14/25379-5)
FRANCA, MARCO A. G.; MARSOLA, JULIO C. DE A.; RIFF, DOUGLAS; HSIOU, ANNIE S.; LANGER, MAX C.. New lower jaw and teeth referred to Maxakalisaurus topai (Titanosauria: Aeolosaurini) and their implications for the phylogeny of titanosaurid sauropods. PeerJ, v. 4, . (13/23114-1, 11/14080-0, 14/03825-3)
GODOY, PEDRO L.; BRONZATI, MARIO; ELTINK, ESTEVAN; MARSOLA, JULIO C. DE A.; CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; LANGER, MAX C.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.. Postcranial anatomy of Pissarrachampsa sera (Crocodyliformes, Baurusuchidae) from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil: insights on lifestyle and phylogenetic significance. PeerJ, v. 4, . (14/03825-3, 13/04516-1, 13/23114-1, 13/06811-0)
MUELLER, RODRIGO TEMP; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; PACHECO, CRISTIAN PEREIRA; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. The role of ontogeny on character polarization in early dinosaurs: a new specimen from the Late Triassic of southern Brazil and its implications. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 31, n. 6, p. 794-805, . (14/03825-3)
LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; MARTINS, NEURIDES DE OLIVEIRA; MANZIG, PAULO CESAR; FERREIRA, GABRIEL DE SOUZA; DE ALMEIDA MARSOLA, AILIO CESAR; FORTES, EDISON; LIMA, ROSANA; FREDIANI SANTANA, LUCAS CESAR; VIDAL, LUCIANO DA SILVA; DA SILVA LORENCATO, ROSANGELA HONORIO; et al. A new desert-dwelling dinosaur (Theropoda, Noasaurinae) from the Cretaceous of south Brazil. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 9, . (14/03825-3)
BRONZATI, MARIO; LANGER, MAX C.; RAUHUT, OLIVER W. M.. Braincase anatomy of the early sauropodomorph Saturnalia tupiniquim (Late Triassic, Brazil). JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, v. 38, n. 5, . (14/03825-3)
GODOY, PEDRO L.; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.; NOVA, BRUNO C. VILA; BUTLER, RICHARD J.; LANGER, MAX C.. Evidence for heterochrony in the cranial evolution of fossil crocodyliforms. Palaeontology, v. 61, n. 4, p. 543-558, . (16/03934-2, 14/25379-5, 14/03825-3)
CASTRO, MARIELA C.; GOIN, FRANCISCO J.; ORTIZ-JAUREGUIZAR, EDGARDO; CAROLINA VIEYTES, E.; TSUKUI, KAORI; RAMEZANI, JAHANDAR; BATEZELLI, ALESSANDRO; MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; LANGER, MAX C.. A Late Cretaceous mammal from Brazil and the first radioisotopic age for the Bauru Group. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, v. 5, n. 5, . (14/03825-3, 14/23815-2, 15/17632-5, 13/23114-1, 16/02473-1)
MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.. The Osteoderms of Baurusuchid Crocodyliforms (Mesoeucrocodylia, Notosuchia). JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, v. 39, n. 2, . (14/03825-3)
MUELLER, RODRIGO T.; LANGER, MAX C.; BRONZATI, MARIO; PACHECO, CRISTIAN P.; CABREIRA, SERGIO F.; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. Early evolution of sauropodomorphs: anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of a remarkably well-preserved dinosaur from the Upper Triassic of southern Brazil. ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY, v. 184, n. 4, p. 1187-1248, . (14/03825-3)
ALVES, YURI MODESTO; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE CHINAGLIA; CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.. New occurrences of Atractosteus (Ginglymodi: Lepisosteoidea: Lepisosteidae) from the Bauru Group (Upper Cretaceous, Brazil) and paleobiogeographic implications. CRETACEOUS RESEARCH, v. 121, . (14/03825-3)
MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS S.; BUTLER, RICHARD J.; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.; SAYAO, JULIANA M.; LANGER, MAX C.. A new dinosaur with theropod affinities from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation, south Brazil. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, v. 38, n. 5, . (13/23114-1, 14/03825-3, 16/02473-1)
MULLER, RODRIGO TEMP; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. Biostratigraphic significance of a new early sauropodomorph specimen from the Upper Triassic of southern Brazil. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 29, n. 2, p. 187-202, . (14/03825-3)
DESOJO, JULIA B.; FIORELLI, LUCAS E.; EZCURRA, MARTIN D.; MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; RAMEZANI, JAHANDAR; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.; BELEN VON BACZKO, M.; JIMENA TROTTEYN, M.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.; EZPELETA, MIGUEL; et al. The Late Triassic Ischigualasto Formation at Cerro Las Lajas (La Rioja, Argentina): fossil tetrapods, high-resolution chronostratigraphy, and faunal correlations. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 10, n. 1, . (14/03825-3)
BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS SOUZA; SIMOES, TIAGO RODRIGUES; CALDWELL, MICHAEL WAYNE; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO. Discovery of the oldest South American fossil lizard illustrates the cosmopolitanism of early South American squamates. COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY, v. 3, n. 1, . (14/03825-3)
RUIZ, JUAN V.; BRONZATI, MARIO; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; MARTINS, KAWAN C.; QUEIROZ, MARCOS V.; LANGER, MAX C.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.. A new species of Caipirasuchus (Notosuchia, Sphagesauridae) from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil and the evolutionary history of Sphagesauria. JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC PALAEONTOLOGY, v. 19, n. 4, p. 265-287, . (14/03825-3, 18/18145-9, 19/10620-2)
HERMANSON, GUILHERME; IORI, V, FABIANO; EVERS, SERJOSCHA W.; LANGER, MAX C.; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.. A SMALL PODOCNEMIDOID (PLEURODIRA, PELOMEDUSOIDES) FROM THE LATE CRETACEOUS OF BRAZIL, AND THE INNERVATION AND CAROTID CIRCULATION OF SIDE-NECKED TURTLES. PAPERS IN PALAEONTOLOGY, v. 6, n. 2, . (14/03825-3, 14/25379-5, 16/03373-0)
SILVA JUNIOR, JULIAN C. G.; MARINHO, THIAGO S.; MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; LANGER, MAX C.. Osteology and systematics of Uberabatitan ribeiroi (Dinosauria; Sauropoda): a Late Cretaceous titanosaur from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 4577, n. 3, p. 401-438, . (14/03825-3)
MARSOLA, JULIO C. A.; BITTENCOURT, JONATHAS S.; DA ROSA, ATILA A. S.; MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; RIBEIRO, ANA MARIA; FERIGOLO, JORGE; LANGER, MAX C.. New sauropodomorph and cynodont remains from the Late Triassic Sacisaurus site in southern Brazil and its stratigraphic position in the Norian Caturrita Formation. ACTA PALAEONTOLOGICA POLONICA, v. 63, n. 4, p. 653-669, . (13/23114-1, 16/02473-1, 14/03825-3)
SCHULTZ, CESAR LEANDRO; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE CHINAGLIA. A new rhynchosaur from south Brazil (Santa Maria Formation) and rhynchosaur diversity patterns across the Middle-Late Triassic boundary. PALAEONTOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, v. 90, n. 3, p. 593-609, . (14/03825-3)
MARSOLA, JULIO C. DE A.; BATEZELLI, ALESSANDRO; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.; GRELLET-TINNER, GERALD; LANGER, MAX C.. Palaeoenvironmental characterization of a crocodilian nesting site from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil and the evolution of crocodyliform nesting strategies. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 457, p. 221-232, . (13/11358-3, 14/03825-3, 10/19787-2, 10/14797-0, 13/23114-1)
MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; ELTINK, ESTEVAN; DA-ROSA, ATILA A. S.; LANGER, MAX C.. A NEW CYNODONT FROM THE SANTA MARIA FORMATION, SOUTH BRAZIL, IMPROVES LATE TRIASSIC PROBAINOGNATHIAN DIVERSITY. PAPERS IN PALAEONTOLOGY, v. 3, n. 3, p. 401-423, . (14/03825-3)
FERREIRA, GABRIEL S.; RINCON, ASCANIO D.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES; LANGER, MAX C.. The last marine pelomedusoids (Testudines: Pleurodira): a new species of Bairdemys and the paleoecology of Stereogenyina. PeerJ, v. 3, . (12/11604-1, 14/03825-3)
MUELLER, RODRIGO TEMP; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; CABREIRA, SERGIO FURTADO; DIAS-DA-SILVA, SERGIO. The femoral anatomy of Pampadromaeus barberenai based on a new specimen from the Upper Triassic of Brazil. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 28, n. 5, p. 656-665, . (14/03825-3)
VILA NOVA, B. C.; SAYAO, J. M.; LANGER, M. C.; KELLNER, A. W. A.. Comments on the cervical vertebrae of the Tapejaridae (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea) with description of new specimens. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 27, n. 6, SI, p. 770-780, . (14/03825-3)
LANGER, MAX C.; EZCURRA, MARTIN D.; RAUHUT, OLIVER W. M.; BENTON, MICHAEL J.; KNOLL, FABIEN; MCPHEE, BLAIR W.; NOVAS, FERNANDO E.; POL, DIEGO; BRUSATTE, STEPHEN L.. Untangling the dinosaur family tree. Nature, v. 551, n. 7678, p. E1-E3, . (14/03825-3)

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