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Assessment of growth of marine-derived fungi the presence of esfenvalerate and its main metabolites


The growth and biodegradation potential of marine-derived fungi were evaluated by measuring the radial growth of colonies. 11 was observed that Penicillium raistrickii CBMAI 931, Aspergillus sydowii CBMAI 935, Cladosporium sp. CBMAI 1237, Microsphaeropsis sp. Dr (A)6, Acremonium sp. Dr(F)1, Westerdykella sp. Dr(M2)4 and Cladosporium sp. Dr(M2)2 were able to grow and develop in the presence of the pyrethroid insecticide esfenvalerate (S,S-fenvalerate) and its main metabolites (3- phenoxybenzaldehyde, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid, 3-phenoxybenzyl alcohol and 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutyric acid), showing the possibility of esfenvalerate biodegradation by these strains. The presence of technical grade esfenvalerate and its metabolites caused growth inhibition, while fungal development was not affected by the presence of the commercial insecticide SUMIDAN 150 SC in the culture medium. This fact might show that the biodegradation of the esfenvalerate in the commercial insecticide is slower than that of the technical grade active ingredient, since slower biodegradation of esfenvalerate would reduce the concentration of phenolic compounds and thus the growth inhibition. Future studies will focus on the quantitative biodegradation analysis of technical grade esfenvalerate and active ingredient in the commercial insecticide. (AU)

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