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The Xanthomonas citri pv. citri type vi secretion system: function, gene regulation and secreted substrates

Grant number: 14/19720-6
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: March 01, 2015 - August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Genetics
Principal Investigator:Cristina Elisa Alvarez Martinez
Grantee:Cristina Elisa Alvarez Martinez
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Tie Koide

Abstract

Bacterial type VI secretion systems (T6SS) are protein complexes that span the bacterial cell envelope and are involved in protein translocation to target cells. It was not until recently that T6SS were first described and structural and functional studies indicate that they act by a mechanism similar to injection of DNA into bacterial cells by bacteriophages, specially the T4 phage. T6SS are essential for virulence in diverse bacteria and are also involved in interbacterial competition, secreting toxins that target neighbor cells, increasing the fitness of T6SS-containing cells. Xanthomonas citri pv citri (Xac) is the causative agent of citrus canker on a wide variety of citrus cultivars, resulting in significant losses to the agriculture in Brazil. The Xac genome encodes a complete T6SS, which is split into two clusters, separated by a region containing 10 genes. This project will use bacterial genetics and molecular biology approaches to functionally characterize Xac T6SS. For that, phenotypes of mutant strains in T6SS genes will be characterized. Also, expression of T6SS components will be analyzed under distinct growth conditions and in planta. To identify T6SS protein substrates, the secretome of strains with altered activity of T6SS will be analyzed. Two alternative sigma factors encoded in the region flanked by the T6SS clusters will be characterized by transcriptome analysis of strains expressing high levels of these regulators and phenotypic characterization of mutant strains. This work will provide new insights in the biology of T6SS function and regulation and also molecular mechanisms of Xac physiology and pathogenicity. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
Bacterium that causes citrus canker has defense system against amoebae 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CESETI, LUCAS M.; DE SANTANA, ELIANE S.; RATAGAMI, CAMILA Y.; BARREIROS, YASMIN; LIMA, LIDIA DOS PASSOS; DUNGER, GERMAN; FARAH, CHUCK S.; ALVAREZ-MARTINEZ, CRISTINA E. The Xanthomonas citri pv. citri Type VI Secretion System is Induced During Epiphytic Colonization of Citrus. Current Microbiology, v. 76, n. 10, p. 1105-1111, OCT 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BAYER-SANTOS, ETHEL; LIMA, LIDIA DOS PASSOS; CESETI, LUCAS DE MORAES; RATAGAMI, CAMILA YURI; DE SANTANA, ELIANE SILVA; DA SILVA, ALINE MARIA; FARAH, CHUCK SHAKER; ALVAREZ-MARTINEZ, CRISTINA ELISA. Xanthomonas citri T6SS mediates resistance to Dictyostelium predation and is regulated by an ECF sigma factor and cognate Ser/Thr kinase. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, v. 20, n. 4, SI, p. 1562-1575, APR 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.
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