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Slave, African, black and afrodescendant: the representation of the black in the post-abolition context and the market for didactic materials (1997-2012)

Abstract

The brasilian experience slavocrat influenced the formation of brazilian society, being the afro-descending ones the most affected portion for the slavery institution. The present work proposes a reflection concerning the present possible representations in didactic manuals regarding a important theme when we thinks in valorization of the Brazilian black's historiography, the period powder-abolition. In spite of the choice of a period, it intends not to lose the perspective of other fundamental themes of that historiography, such as the period of the slavery and of the slave rebellions. The proposal is justified for at least two reasons: 1) the text books are objects of wide insert in the contemporary Brazilian society and content has been criticized thoroughly, starting from the political opening of the country, besides, it is undeniable that the content of the text book molds the notion of the citizens' of a society History; 2) the black movements have been demanding the insert and/or renewal of the contents that they can constitute positive identities, a partial result would be the approval of the Law 10.639/03. Along the research, we will try to evidence also, to growing economical and pedagogic importance that it has been surrounding the Brazilian didactic materials considered the largest product of market of the companies editorials, that possess as larger buyer of their products the Brazilian government. For methodology chose analysis of the contents, ruled in the discussions of Eni Pulcinelli Orlandi; and for the concept of representation of Roger Chartier; we believed that those two theoretical references can turn visible which are the readers' of text books possible apprehensions concerning about a fundamental historical period for the black segment of brazilian society. (AU)

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